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Table 4 Factors associated with depressive symptoms

From: Psychological distress among Ethiopian migrant returnees who were in quarantine in the context of COVID-19: institution-based cross-sectional study

Variable   CRR (95% CI) ARR (95% CI)
Gender Female 1.0 1.0
Male 0.51 [0.35, 0.73] 0.56 [0.39, 0.81]
Age (in years)   0.99 [0.96, 1.01]  
 Education Not literate 1.0  
Primary school 1.02 [0.66, 1.57]  
Secondary school 1.10 [0.73, 1.67]  
Post-secondary 1.03 [0.62, 1.72]  
 Marital status Never married 1.0 1.0
Currently married 0.86 [0.69, 1.08] 0.89 [0.72. 1.11]
Previously married 1.08 [0.75, 1.55] 1.05 [0.74, 1.47]
 Status in the host country before return On job 1.0  
Detention center 0.89 [0.69, 1.16]  
Prison 1.01 [0.75, 1.38]  
Unemployed 1.03 [0.73, 1.46]  
 How did you go to the destination country? (way of migration) Through travel agency 1.0 1.0
Through broker 1.28 [1.01, 1.62] 1.13 [0.91, 1.42]
 Underlying physical health problem Yes 1.0  
No 0.76 [0.50, 1.16]  
 Underlying mental health problem Yes 1.0  
No 1.15 [0.58, 2.27]  
 Fear of infection in quarantine center Yes, I was afraid 1.0 1.0
No, I was not afraid 0.78 [0.65, 0.94] 0.80 [0.65, 0.96]
 Staying in quarantine protected me not to transmit the virus to family and community Yes 1.0  
No 1.03 [0.76, 1.39]  
 Quarantine limited my activities and social interaction Yes 1.0 1.0
No 0.83 [0.64, 1.06] 0.92 [0.72, 1.17]
 Overall, services in the quarantine center was satisfactory Yes 1.0  
No 1.07 [0.89, 1.29]  
 I know the reason why I am here in quarantine Yes, I know 1.0  
No, I don’t 1.23 [0.73, 2.07]  
 I got sufficient information about the quarantine from the concerned body Yes 1.0 1.0
No 1.26 [1.00, 1.58] 1.11 [0.88, 1.39]
 Fear of discrimination after the quarantine Yes 1.0  
No 0.73 [0.61, 0.89] 0.76 [0.63, 0.92]
 I can get support from family and relatives after the quarantine Yes, I have 1.0  
No, I have not 1.01 [0.91, 1.33]  
 I have a plan of what to do after the quarantine Yes 1.0  
No 1.04 [0.86, 1.27]  
 I have sufficient amount of money for my living and startup business after the quarantine Yes 1.0  
No 1.08 [0.83, 1.41]  
 I have adequate knowledge about the mode of transmission and prevention of COVID-19 Yes, I have 1.0  
No, I have not 1.28 [0.995, 1.65] 1.15 [0.89, 1.49]
 I experienced headache, sore throat, breathing difficulty during my stay in quarantine Yes 1.0 1.0
No 0.42 [0.26, 0.66] 0.40 [0.25, 0.65]
 I had contact with a COVID-19 suspected or infected person or I was exposed to situations before the quarantine Yes, I had 1.0  
No, I had not 0.79 [0.44, 1.43]