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Table 6 Factors associated with stress

From: Psychological distress among Ethiopian migrant returnees who were in quarantine in the context of COVID-19: institution-based cross-sectional study

Variable   CRR (95% CI) ARR (95% CI)
Gender Female 1.0 1.0
Male 0.73 [0.53, 1.02] 0.81 [0.57, 1.14]
Age (in years)   0.98 [0.96, 1.01] 0.99 [0.97, 1.01]
 Education Not literate 1.0  
Primary school 1.07 [0.72, 1.58]  
Secondary school 1.14 [0.78, 1.66]  
Post-secondary 0.90 [0.56, 1.43]  
 Marital status Never married 1.0  
Currently married 0.95 [0.78, 1.17]  
Previously married 0.95 [0.68, 1.33]  
 Status in the host country before return On job 1.0  
Detention center 0.94 [0.74, 1.20]  
Prison 0.94 [0.71, 1.24]  
Unemployed 1.04 [0.75, 1.44]  
 How did you go to the destination country? (way of migration) Through travel agency 1.0 1.0
Through broker 1.20 [0.97, 1.50] 1.12 [0.91, 1.39]
 Underlying physical health problem Yes 1.0  
No 0.86 [0.58, 1.26]  
 Underlying mental health problem Yes 1.0  
No 1.06 [0.57, 1.96]  
 Fear of infection in quarantine center Yes, I was afraid 1.0  
No, I was not afraid 0.89 [0.75, 1.06]  
 Staying in quarantine protected me not to transmit the virus to family and community Yes 1.0  
No 0.88 [0.67, 1.16]  
 Quarantine limited my activities and social interaction Yes 1.0  
No 0.97 [0.77, 1.22]  
 Overall, services in the quarantine center was satisfactory Yes 1.0  
No 1.02 [0.86, 1.21]  
 I know the reason why I am here in quarantine Yes, I know 1.0  
No, I don’t 1.23 [0.77, 1.97]  
 I got sufficient information about the quarantine from the concerned body Yes 1.0 1.0
No 1.23 [1.001, 1.51] 1.14 [0.92, 1.40]
 Fear of discrimination after the quarantine Yes 1.0 1.0
No 0.89 [0.75, 1.06] 0.85 [0.72, 1.01]
 I can get support from family and relatives after the quarantine Yes, I have 1.0  
No, I have not 1.04 [0.88, 1.24]  
 I have a plan of what to do after the quarantine Yes 1.0 1.0
No 1.21 [1.01, 1.44] 1.30 [1.09, 1.54]
 I have sufficient amount of money for my living and startup business after the quarantine Yes 1.0  
No 1.01 [0.79, 1.28]  
 I have adequate knowledge about the mode of transmission and prevention of COVID-19 Yes, I have 1.0  
No, I have not 0.96 [0.76, 1.21]  
 I experienced headache, sore throat, breathing difficulty during my stay in quarantine Yes 1.0 1.0
No 0.45 [0.30, 0.68] 0.43 [0.28, 0.66]
 I had contact with a COVID-19 suspected or infected person or I was exposed to situations before the quarantine Yes, I had 1.0  
No, I had not 0.91 [0.53, 1.57]