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Table 1 Characteristics of participants at 18-month follow-up

From: Trajectories of loneliness and objective social isolation and associations between persistent loneliness and self-reported personal recovery in a cohort of secondary mental health service users in the UK

Variables Participants at 18-month follow-up (n = 224)
  Mean (SD) or % N
Age 39.97 (12.54) 224
Gender (%)
 Male 39.73% 89
 Female 60.27% 135
Ethnicity
 White British/Irish/other 61.88% 138
 Black, Black British/Caribbean/African/other 21.52% 48
 Asian, Asian British/Indian/Pakistani/Bangladeshi/ other, Chinese 7.62% 17
 Mixed White/Black Caribbean, Mixed White/Black African, mixed White/Asian, other mixed, other ethnic groups 8.97% 20
Marital status
 Single/Separated/divorced/widowed 74.55% 167
 Married/cohabiting 25.45% 57
UK born
 No 24.89% 55
 Yes 75.11% 166
Housing
 Permanent/supported accommodation 96.88% 217
 Unstable accommodation 3.13% 7
Contact with children under 16
 No contact 6.25% 14
 Contact with dependent children 22.32% 50
 Having no children 71.43% 160
Educational attainment
 No qualification 15.25% 34
 Other qualification 50.67% 113
 Degree 34.08% 76
Employment/education status
 Not in employment/education/full time caring role 43.89% 97
 Yes 56.11% 124
Loneliness score 22.07 (4.50) 224
Social network size 4.97 (2.28) 224
Number of psychiatric inpatient hospitalisations
 Never 62.50% 140
 Once 15.63% 35
 2 or more 21.88% 49
Number of years since first contact mental health services
 Less than 3 months 16.07% 36
 3 months – 2 years 16.07% 36
 2–10 years 33.93% 76
 More than 10 years 33.93% 76
Current diagnosis
 Schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder/bipolar affective disorder/other psychosis 30.14% 66
 Depression/anxiety disorder/post-traumatic stress disorder 26.94% 59
 Borderline or emotionally unstable personality disorder/other personality disorder 11.42% 25
 Other diagnosis 31.51% 69
BPRS total score 43.30 (10.67) 223
QPR total score 51.21 (17.61) 224
  1. Abbreviations: N numbers of participants, M mean, SD standard deviation, BPRS the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, QPR the Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery