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Table 1 Primary and secondary outcomes

From: The impact of implementing a psychiatric emergency hotline on the reduction of acute hospitalizations in a Swiss tertiary hospital

  Without emergency hotline assessment (2018) With emergency hotline assessment (2019) Test statistic and p-values
Referrals by a private practitioner 34 Referrals 45 Referrals N/A
Hospitalizations after a referral by a private practitioners 34 (100%) Hospitalizations 25 (55.6%) Hospitalizations Fisher Exact test:
p = < 0.0001
Days spent in hospital in total 590 days 233 days N/A
Average length of stay per patient 17.4 days (SE = 3.88; SD = 22.6) 9.3 days (SE = 1.34; SD = 6.7) t = 1.7152; df = 57 p = 0.0917
Involuntary patients referred vs admitted 9 patients vs 9 patients 7 patients vs 3 patients Fisher Exact test:
p = 0.062
  1. Note: N/A = Not applicable, as no statistical test was used