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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Routine outcome measurement in adolescents seeking mental health services: standardization of HoNOSCA in Kenyan sample

  N (%) Mean (SD)
Sex Male 92 (45.8)  
Female 109 (54.2)  
Age    15.88 (1.02)
Academic level Primary 4 (2.0)  
Secondary 197 (98.0)  
Referred by School 170 (84.2)  
Self 27 (13.4)  
Family member 1 (0.5)  
Healthcare worker 3 (1.5)  
Treatment history None 177 (88.1)  
Outpatient treatment 24 (11.9)  
Axis I diagnosis* Depression 3 (1.5)  
Substance use 46 (22.9)  
Anxiety 3 (1.5)  
PTSD 8 (4.0)  
Suicide ideation 1 (0.5)  
Conduct disorder 8 (4.0)  
Conversion disorder 4 (2.0)  
ADHD 2 (1.0)  
None 126 (62.7)  
Axis IV* Interpersonal problems 28 (13.9)  
Academic problems 30 (14.9)  
Self-esteem problems 12 (6.0)  
Psychosocial problems 123 (61.2)  
Trauma/abuse 8 (4.0)  
  1. * DSM IV-TR/V diagnoses used in the clinics given by clinician and extracted from patient files