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Table 2 Frequency distribution of CESD-R, MSPSS, PSS, PHEEM, and ASSIST

From: Depression and its associated factors: perceived stress, social support, substance use and related sociodemographic risk factors in medical school residents in Nairobi, Kenya

Variable Category Frequency
(N = 338)
Percent
%
Min Max Mean (SD)
Depression (CESD-R) Mild/No depression 238 70.4 0 55 12.03 (12.26)
  Moderate 43 12.7    
  Severe 57 16.9    
Social Support (MSPSS) Low support 16 4.7 1 7 5.57 (1.18)
  Moderate support 79 23.4    
  High support 242 71.8    
  Missing 1     
Perceived Stress (PSS) Low stress 86 25.6 0 36 18.58 (6.89)
  Moderate stress 207 61.6    
  High perceived stress 43 12.8    
  Missing 2     
Educational Environment (PHEEM) Very poor 18 5.3 13 156 83.82 (26.96)
  Plenty of problems 138 40.9    
  More positive than negative 156 46.3    
  Excellent 25 7.4    
  Missing 1     
Drug Use (ASSIST) Total (N) Low risk Moderate High risk Mean (SD)
  Drug n (%) n (%) n (%)
  Tobacco 197 180 (91.4%) 15 (7.6%) 2 (1.0%) 1.56 (5.18)
  Alcohol 240 201 (83.8%) 32 (13.3%) 7 (2.9%) 5.47 (7.12)
  Cannabis 196 182 (92.9%) 14 (7.1%) 0 (0%) 0.76 (2.56)
  Cocaine 238 211 (88.7%) 27 (11.3%) 0 (0%) 0.52 (1.46)
  Amphetamine 176 173 (98.3%) 3 (1.7%) 0 (0%) 0.19 (1.45)
  Sedatives 179 172 (96.1%) 6 (3.4%) 1 (0.6%) 0.56 (3.19)
  Hallucinogens 176 174 (98.9%) 2 (1.1%) 0 (0%) 0.14 (1.09)
  Opioids 179 176 (98.3%) 3 (1.7%) 0 (0%) 0.17 (1.65)
  Total substance abuse 337     9.11 (13.74)