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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of female and male young people in secure care. Values represent frequencies (percentages) unless otherwise stated

From: Young men and young women in secure care: gender differences in the placement of those with mental health needs

  Females Males Females vs Males
    p OR (95% CI)
Age n = 239 n = 899   
Mean years (SD, range) 15.9 (1.3,12–22) 16.5 (1.0,12–18) < 0.001  
  n (%) n (%)   
  < = 15 years 82 (34.3) 145 (16.1)   
 16–17 years 146 (61.1) 670 (74.5)   
 18 + years 11 (4.6) 84 (9.3) < 0.001  
Ethnicity n = 240 n = 838   
 White 202 (84.2) 481 (57.4)   
 Black 9 (3.8) 183 (21.8)   
 Asian 8 (3.3) 51 (6.1)   
 Mixed/Other 21 (8.8) 123 (14.7) < 0.001  
 BAME 38 (15.8) 357 (42.6) < 0.001 0.25 (0.18,0.37)
Physical disability/illness n = 218 n = 838   
 One or more 41 (18.8) 219 (26.1) 0.025 0.66 (0.45,0.95)
Psychiatric Diagnosis n = 244 n = 854   
 None 30 (12.3) 482 (56.4)   
 One 95 (38.9) 206 (24.1)   
 Two 77 (31.6) 94 (11.0)   
 Three 31 (12.7) 51 (6.0)   
 Four to five 11 (4.5) 21 (2.5) < 0.001  
 Any diagnosis 214 (87.7) 372 (43.6) < 0.001 9.24 (6.16,13.86)
 Three or more 42 (17.2) 72 (8.4) < 0.001 2.26 (1.50,3.41)
 Any major NDD 72 (29.5) 214 (25.1) 0.163 1.25 (0.91,1.72)
Risk level n = 265 n = 906   
 Risk to self 217 (81.9) 169 (18.7) < 0.001 19.72 (13.83,28.10)
 Risk to others 132 (49.8) 261 (28.8) < 0.001 2.45 (1.85,3.25)
  1. Notes: n values differ across variables due to missing data concerning gender (n = 43) and relevant factors; 5 young people identified as transgender and 1 young person as intersex and were not included in analyses; NDD = Neurodevelopmental Disorder (i.e., Learning disability, Autistic Spectrum Disorder, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)); OR = odd ratios, CI = confidence intervals; Significant group differences and odds ratios are highlighted in bold