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Table 2 Number (percentage) of female and male young people with different psychiatric diagnoses placed in Mental Health, Welfare and Youth Justice System legislative frameworks

From: Young men and young women in secure care: gender differences in the placement of those with mental health needs

  Psychiatric Diagnosis
  Any diagnosis Three or more diagnoses Any major NDD  
  Females
(n = 214)
Males
(n = 372)
Females
(n = 42)
Males
(n = 72)
Females
(n = 72)
Males
(n = 214)
 
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Mental health 184 (86.0) 89 (23.9)*** 39 (92.9) 37 (51.4)*** 62 (86.1) 57 (26.6)***  
Welfare 18 (8.4) 12 (3.2)** 0 (0.0) 3 (4.2) 6 (8.3) 10 (4.7)  
Youth Justice System 12 (5.6) 271 (72.8)*** 3 (7.1) 32 (44.4)*** 4 (5.6) 147 (68.7)***  
  Primary Diagnosis
  Psychosis Emotional Dysregulation Depression Learning Disability ASC ADHD
  Females
(n = 38)
Males
(n = 58)
Females
(n = 81)
Males
(n = 31)
Females
(n = 43)
Males
(n = 50)
Females
(n = 17)
Males
(n = 38)
Females
(n = 11)
Males
(n = 36)
Females
(n = 3)
Males
(n = 97)
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Mental health 37 (97.4) 42 (72.4)** 70 (86.4) 7 (22.6)*** 38 (88.4) 9 (18.0)*** 13 (76.5) 19 (50.0) 10 (90.9) 7 (19.4)*** 1 (33.3) 2 (2.1)
Welfare 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 8 (9.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.3) 1 (2.0) 3 (17.6) 0 (0.0)* 1 (9.1) 1 (2.8) 2 (66.7) 8 (8.2)*
Youth Justice System 1 (2.6) 16 (27.6)** 3 (3.7) 24 (77.4)*** 4 (9.3) 40 (80.0)*** 1 (5.9) 19 (50.0)** 0 (0.0) 28 (77.8)*** 0 (0.0) 87 (89.7)**
  1. Notes: 5 young people identified as transgender and 1 young person as intersex and were not included in analyses; gender and/or diagnosis data was missing for 218 young people; F = female, M = male, NDD = Neurodevelopmental Disorder; ASD = Autistic Spectrum Condition, ADHD = Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; Significant gender differences (diagnosis rates in each legislative framework) after correction for multiple comparisons are highlighted in bold; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001