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Table 2 Predictors of no/mild caseness and moderately severe caseness on PHQ-9 with moderate caseness as reference

From: Screening male prisoners for depression and anxiety with the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 at NHS Healthcheck: patterns of symptoms and caseness threshold

Predictor Total PHQ-9 (< 10) Total PHQ_9 (≥ 15)
Odds ratio (95% CI) P-value Odds ratio (95% CI) P-value
Age (years) 0.99 (0.97–1.01) 0.418 0.96 (0.94–0.98) < 0.001
Prison (reference remand prison D)
 B, remand prison 1.07 (0.69–1.68) 0.753 0.28 (0.18–0.44) < 0.001
 C, medium term 0.55 (0.27–1.13) 0.102 0.23 (0.12–0.46) < 0.001
 E, near parole 1.99 (1.24–3.20) 0.004 0.87 (0.57–1.31) 0.492
 F, sex offender 0.79 (0.48–1.30) 0.362 0.28 (0.17–0.44) < 0.001
Alcohol consumption (high) 1.63 (1.15–2.30) 0.005 1.72 (1.24–2.39) 0.001
  1. B, C, D, E and F refer to prison sites