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Table 2 Relationship between the fear of COVID-19, depressive symptoms, anxious symptoms, and post-traumatic stress (n = 830)

From: Depression, post-traumatic stress, anxiety, and fear of COVID-19 in the general population and health-care workers: prevalence, relationship, and explicative model in Peru

   (1) (2) (3) (4) (4.1) (4.2) (4.3) ω
General population
(n = 640)
(1) Fear of COVID-19 1        0.90
(2) Depressive symptoms 0.32 1       0.88
(3) Anxious symptoms 0.44 0.73 1      0.89
(4) Post-traumatic Stress 0.54 0.65 0.73 1     0.98a
(4.1) Intrusion 0.55 0.63 0.71 0.94 1    0.82
(4.2) Avoidance 0.51 0.56 0.64 0.95 0.83 1   0.93
(4.3) Hyperarousal 0.49 0.67 0.74 0.92 0.86 0.80 1 0.91
Health-care workers
(n = 190)
(1) Fear of COVID-19 1        0.91
(2) Depressive symptoms 0.35 1       0.87
(3) Anxious symptoms 0.48 0.74 1      0.90
(4) Post-traumatic Stress 0.61 0.56 0.64 1     0.98a
(4.1) Intrusion 0.59 0.54 0.62 0.93 1    0.79
(4.2) Avoidance 0.57 0.46 0.55 0.94 0.80 1   0.93
(4.3) Hyperarousal 0.54 0.64 0.69 0.91 0.84 0.77 1 0.87
  1. The relationship was evaluated with Spearman’s coefficient. All values are significant (p < 0.001). a Omega coefficient considering second-order models