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Table 4 Comparison of characteristics related to IES-R score at 3 months

From: Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in next of kin during suspension of ICU visits during the COVID-19 pandemic: a prospective observational study

Characteristic IES-R < 33 IES-R > 33 P-value
Next of kin 19 43  
 Age 62 (50–73) 57 (51–69) 0.6
 Female gender, no. (%) 16 (84.2) 34 (79.1) 0.74
 IES-R score 27 (26–30) 48 (38–60) < 0.0001
 Family satisfaction (FS-ICU 24R) 33 (30–39) 34 (25–40) 0.9
 Family members, no. (%) 18 (94.7) 42 (97.7) 0.52
Patients
 Age 67 (59–74) 69 (48–76) 0.77
 Female gender, no. (%) 6 (31.6) 8 (18.6) 0.33
 Emergency admission, no. (%) 14 (73.7) 38 (88.4) 0.26
 Surgical base diagnosis, no. (%) 13 (68.4) 24 (55.8) 0.41
 APACHE II 24 + 8.9 26.6 + 7.4 0.25
 SAPS II 48.4 + 16.6 49.7 + 17.9 0.79
 COVID-19 positive, no. (%) 1 (5.3) 7 (16.3) 0.42
 Admission after surgery, no. (%) 12 (63.2) 15 (34.9) 0.03
 Mechanical ventilation, no. (%) 12 (63.2) 31 (72.1) 0.56
 Duration of mechanical ventilation, hours 26.6 (8.5–97.7) 36.1 (10.9–155.3) 0.46
 ICU length of stay, days 2.8 (0.9–8.2) 3.2 (1.3–8.7) 0.55
 Died in the ICU, no. (%) 0 (0) 4 (9.3) 0.3
  1. Next of kin’s age, IES-R score, family satisfaction score, patients’ age, duration of mechanical ventilation, and length of stay are expressed as median and interquartile range; the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score and the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) are expressed as mean and standard deviation