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Table 5 Odds of Co-occurrence of Etiological Risk Factors in Sample

From: Impact of urban birth and upbringing on expression of psychosis in a Chinese undergraduate population

  Male sex Ethnic Minority Low Family Income Family history (psychosis) Family history (nonpsychotic) Loss of parent Physical abuse Sexual abuse Neglect
Ethnic Minority 0.92**
(0.87–0.98)
\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \
Low Family Income 1.07**
(1.02–1.13)
1.68***
(1.56–1.80)
\ \ \ \ \ \ \
Family history (psychosis) 0.93
(0.75–1.15)
1.20
(0.86–1.67)
2.24***
(1.76–2.85)
\ \ \ \ \ \
Family history (nonpsychotic) 0.77**
(0.64–0.93)
0.91
(0.66–1.26)
0.76
(0.56–1.01)
\ \ \ \ \
Loss of parent 0.96
(0.82–1.13)
1.59***
(1.28–1.97)
2.89***
(2.45–3.42)
1.87
(0.96–3.66)
2.80***
(1.71–4.58)
\ \ \ \
Physical abuse 1.54***
(1.48–1.60)
1.06
(0.99–1.13)
1.14***
(1.08–1.20)
1.38**
(1.10–1.72)
1.43***
(1.18–1.74)
1.33***
(1.13–1.56)
\ \ \
Sexual abuse 0.63***
(0.56–0.70)
1.16
(0.98–1.37)
1.01
(0.87–1.18)
1.45
(0.87–2.42)
1.66*
(1.09–2.53)
1.15
(0.75–1.75)
1.63***
(1.39–1.91)
\  
Neglect 1.18***
(1.14–1.23)
1.07***
(1.01–1.14)
1.17***
(1.11–1.24)
1.79***
(1.44–2.23)
1.26*
(1.03–1.53)
1.46***
(1.24–1.71)
7.19**
(6.88–7.52)
0.66***
(0.58–0.75)
\
Urban living 10–15 years 0.90***
(0.86–0.94)
0.74***
(0.69–0.81)
0.28***
(0.26–0.31)
0.77
(0.58–1.02)
1.29*
(1.04–1.60)
0.93
(0.76–1.13)
1.03
(0.98–1.08)
0.84*
(0.74–0.97)
0.92***
(0.87–0.96)
Urban living Age 1–5 years 0.90***
(0.86–0.94)
0.73***
(0.68–0.79)
0.29***
(0.26–0.32)
0.79
(0.60–1.04)
1.25*
(1.01–1.55)
0.89
(0.73–1.08)
1.04
(1.00–1.09)
0.89
(0.78–1.02)
0.93**
(0.88–0.97)
Urban birth 0.92**
(0.87–0.97)
0.65***
(0.59–0.72)
0.30***
(0.27–0.34)
0.64*
(0.44–0.92)
1.22
(0.94–1.57)
0.84
(0.66–1.07)
1.03
(0.97–1.09)
0.84*
(0.72–1.00)
0.91***
(0.86–0.96)
  1. Note: variable in column is the dependent variable in the regression model
  2. Adjusted for age, sex and PHQ-9 score except for male sex
  3. *P < 0.05, **p < 0.01,***p < 0.001