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Table 4 Associations between SLEs and ED subtypes (controlled for gender, education, and age)

From: Stressful life events among individuals with a history of eating disorders: a case-control comparison

SLE type An-R (n = 65) AN-BP
(n = 114)
BN/BED (n = 180) AN/BN/BED
(n = 133)
AN-R vs control
OR (95% CI)
p-values
corrected*
AN-BP vs control
OR (95% CI)
p-values
corrected*
BN/BED vs control
OR (95% CI)
p-values
corrected*
AN and BN/BED vs control
OR (95% CI)
p-values corrected*
Any SLEa 1.22 (0.70–2.18) 1.000 2.29 (1.39–3.91) .017 3.01 (1.91–4.88) < .001 3.58 (2.11–6.37) < .001
Disease 1.90 (0.71–4.60) 1.000 2.71 (1.37–5.27) .029 1.09 (0.54–2.11) 1.000 2.60 (1.40–4.80) .018
Accident 0.48 (0.08–1.71) 1.000 0.95 (0.36–2.18) .000 1.04 (0.51–2.04) 1.000 0.93 (0.40–2.00) .964
Assault 0.91 (0.21–2.83) 1.000 1.70 (0.75–3.64) .923 1.96 (1.03–3.69) .224 2.45 (1.24–4.81) .066
Bereavement 0.62 (0.21–1.50) 1.000 2.09 (1.20–3.59) .055 1.97 (1.23–3.14) .038 1.75 (1.00–3.02) .268
Rape 0.93 (0.39–2.00) 1.000 2.17 (1.29–3.61) .029 2.59 (1.68–4.00) < .001 2.15 (1.32–3.47) .017
Other sexual assault 1.67 (0.87–3.10) 1.000 2.36 (1.46–3.81) .005 2.15 (1.42–3.26) .003 2.35 (1.48–3.70) .003
Childhood physical abuse 0.99 (0.42–2.08) 1.000 1.37 (0.77–2.39) 1.000 1.76 (1.11–2.76) .103 1.56 (0.93–2.60) .439
Adulthood physical abuse 1.18 (0.66–2.09) 1.000 1.06 (0.67–1.67) 1.000 1.05 (0.72–1.52) 1.000 0.80 (0.51–1.23) .964
Emotional abuse 1.32 (0.67–2.47) 1.000 2.54 (1.57–4.09) .002 3.27 (2.20–4.89) < .001 3.20 (2.04–5.05) < .001
Threatened 0.52 (0.08–1.93) 1.000 1.10 (0.44–2.50) 1.000 1.03 (0.48–2.11) 1.000 1.45 (0.66–3.05) .964
Witnessed a traumatic event 1.10 (0.36–2.78) 1.000 2.06 (1.05–3.92) .185 1.19 (0.62–2.22) 1.000 1.71 (0.88–3.21) .439
Other 2.52 (1.43–4.47) .019 2.21 (1.40–3.50) .007 2.94 (2.01–4.33) < .001 3.10 (2.02–4.80) < .001
  1. Abbreviations: AN anorexia nervosa (AN-R = restricting subtype, AN-BP = binge-eating/purging subtype), BED binge-eating disorder, BN bulimia nervosa, ED eating disorder, SLE stressful life events
  2. a“Any SLE” measures all individuals reporting at least one of the listed SLE types
  3. *p-values corrected for multiple comparisons using Bonferroni-Holm, boldface indicates statistical significance (p < 0.05)