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Table 1 Frequency distribution of demographic factors (N = 1070)

From: Mental health literacy and quality of life in Iran: a cross-sectional study

Variables n (%) Quality of Life p-value MHL p-value
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Sex Men 468(44) 35.20(6.52) 0.796* 111.43(10.46) < 0.001*
Women 596(56) 35.31(6.35) 115.21(9.81)
Age group 18–26 413(39.1) 35.59(6.11) 0.002** 113.92(10.17) 0.031**
27–35 291(27.5) 35.95(6.43) 114.37(10.35)
36–44 223(21.1) 34.80(6.51) 113.54(10.06)
45 and above 130(12.3) 33.5696.67) 111.25(10.4)
Marital status Marriage 724(68.6) 35.07(6.37) 0.129* 113.49(10.25) 0.625*
Single 332(31.4) 35.72(6.47) 113.83(10.57)
Education level Illiteracy 7(0.7) 37.71(7.31) < 0.001** 105.14(12.01) < 0.001**
Elementary 23(2.2) 35.00(6.250 107.65(11.01)
High school 310(30.1) 33.55(6.35) 110.79910.07)
Academic 691(67) 36.11(6.30) 115.19(10.05)
Residence Urban 787(79.2) 35.37(6.39) 0.300* 113.90(10.61) 0.186*
Rural 207(20.8) 35.88(6.36) 112.91(9.27)
Job Housewife 158(15.4) 34.19(6.55) 0.051** 112(80(9.29) 0.224**
Employed 317(31) 35.69(6.60) 114.38(11)
Self-employed 549(53.6) 35.40(6.25) 113.38(10.23)
History of mental illness in your family Yes 151(14.3) 32.56(6.40) < 0.001* 112.58(11.08) 0.220*
No 905(85.7) 35.73(6.31) 113.70(10.22)
Refer to a psychologist / psychiatrist for psychological problems Yes 164(15.6) 32.17(6.28) < 0.001* 113.75(11.30) 0.761*
No 888(84.4) 35.86(6.26) 113.48(10.19)
Refer your family members to a psychologist / psychiatrist for psychological problems Yes 185(18) 33.67(6.56) < 0.001* 114.27(10.42) 0.307*
No 845(82) 35.72(6.30) 113.00(10.28)
Income Good 233(23.2) 37.09(6.08) < 0.001** 114.71(11.98) 0.124**
Middle 670(66.8) 35.15(6.25) 113.61(9.61)
Weak 100(10) 32.75(6.92) 112.30(9.96)
Get information related to mental illness Yes 826(77.8) 35.53(6.27) 0.012* 114.49(9.91) < 0.001*
No 236(22.2) 34.34(6.79) 110.48(11.040
  1. * Independent Samples t Test, ** One-way ANOVA test, ^ In some items, the information was not completed by the participants and was miss information. For this reason, the sum of some items does not reach 1070.