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Table 2 Estimated disparity in police use of force and suspect injury for Black and Latinx Americans in Census tracts and police precincts relative to White Americans (relative risk)

From: Measuring disparities in police use of force and injury among persons with serious mental illness

  Use of Force Suspect Injury
Census Tract Police Precinct Census Tract Police Precinct
Black 3.13 3.67 2.59 3.25
(2.86, 3.39) (3.22, 4.14) (2.32, 2.92) (2.83, 3.74)
Latinx 0.96 1.23 0.87 1.16
(0.89, 1.04) (1.08, 1.4) (0.79, 0.97) (1, 1.34)
2012 0.73 0.74 0.73 0.73
(0.63, 0.84) (0.58, 0.93) (0.59, 0.88) (0.55, 1.04)
2013 1.17 1.16 1.26 1.26
(1.01, 1.35) (0.9, 1.49) (1.04, 1.51) (0.95, 1.65)
2014 1.16 1.19 1.22 1.34
(1, 1.35) (0.91, 1.52) (1.01, 1.46) (1.01, 1.77)
2015 1.03 1.00 1.15 1.08
(0.89, 1.19) (0.77, 1.3) (0.96, 1.38) (0.83, 1.42)
2016 0.82 0.89 0.75 0.99
(0.69, 0.97) (0.66, 1.2) (0.6, 0.92) (0.71, 1.36)
σβ 3.4 26.3 2.3 18.5
Φ 1.11 4.27 0.77 3.91
N 5978 268 5978 268
  1. Notes: Data from the National Justice Databse and several public police departments. Values in parentheses give 95% credible intervals