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Table 1 Summary of semi-structured interview schedule, for full interview schedule, see Appendix B

From: Understanding the psycho-social context for a new early intervention for resistance to change that aims to strike a beneficial balance between structure and flexibility

Topic Number of questions Primary issues addressed
Child’s background 10 Basic demographics, level of cognitive ability in relation to scheduling & choice making, communication level
Preference for routine 6 Previous and current ability of child to deal with change, parent’s approach to structuring routines, advice received relevant to routines and how far this was followed
Use of visuals 8 Current use of visuals including consistency of use, parental confidence in use, limitations experienced and child’s preferred modalities
Routine & change in a typical day 12 Walk through a typical day, high and low risk times for child stress, more and less tolerated changes, influence of parents and others on child’s response, use of specific techniques to manage change
Experience with implementing flexibility 12 Previous experience of intentionally increasing variability in routines including procedure used, reasons for doing this, challenges and outcomes
Behaviours linked to changes 5 Type, duration and frequency of behaviours shown by child in response to changes
Support with family management of behaviours 7 Involvement of family members, school and other professionals in strategies that have been implemented by parents for the management of children’s behaviour
Intervention design 23 General anticipated challenges with increasing flexibility and how to avoid these, communication of and content of plans, integrating choice and flexibility into plans, motivation for flexibility, necessary support for parents and others