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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of trans women participants and correlates of psychological distress, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt (N = 763)

From: A cross-sectional study of mental health and suicidality among trans women in São Paulo, Brazil

Demographic characteristics Descriptive Frequency Bivariate Models
K10 Score Ideation/Attempt
Mean or N SD or % Estimate 95%CI Estimate 95%CI
Age (years) 30 9 0.98 0.968–1 1.01 0.995–1.025
 18–24 255 33.3 1 1
 25–44 450 58.8 1.23 0.903–1.686 1.18 0.886–1.567
 45–65 60 7.8 0.55 0.285–1.001 1.39 0.824–2.326
Sex Orientation
 Straight/heterosexual 622 81.5 1 1
 Gay/lesbian 75 9.8 1.28 0.791–2.078 0.8 0.505–1.247
 Bisexual 54 7.1 1.47 0.839–2.57 0.99 0.593–1.655
 Pansexual 12 1.6 1.47 0.455–4.743 3.25 1.112–10.75
Education
 Primary school 302 39.6 1.76 1.04–3.062 0.89 0.574–1.396
 Middle school or high school 388 50.9 1.37 0.817–2.362 0.77 0.502–1.195
 Technical or university degree or more 73 9.6 1 1
Race/Skin Color
 White 201 26.3 1 1
 Black or Parda (mixed race) 535 70.1 1.36 0.98–1.911 0.7 0.516–0.938
 Other 27 3.5 0.86 0.352–1.964 0.79 0.369–1.677
 Homeless before age 18 years 203 26.6 1.5 1.086–2.074 1.51 1.116–2.038
 Homeless after age 18 years 301 39.4 1.87 1.391–2.512 1.96 1.495–2.582
Living situation
 Own a house or apartment 139 18.2 1 1
 Rent a house or apartment 313 41 1.06 0.697–1.613 0.83 0.574–1.214
 Couch surfing with friends or family 63 8.3 2.22 1.215–4.1 1.71 0.987–2.96
 Homeless/shelter 153 20.1 2.37 1.482–3.823 2.38 1.542–3.683
 Other 95 12.5 1.44 0.842–2.463 1.17 0.725–1.881
Marital status
 Single 612 80.2 1 1
 Married/de facto 127 16.6 0.9 0.608–1.331 1.5 1.054–2.127
 Divorced or separated or widowed 24 3.1 1.95 0.857–4.582 1.56 0.722–3.401
Monthly income in minimum wages (R$ 937 or approx. US$ 283/month)
 Up to 1 minimum wage 356 46.7 1 1
 1 to 2 minimum wages 230 30.1 0.75 0.534–1.048 0.82 0.604–1.118
 More than 2 minimum wages 177 23.2 0.63 0.435–0.915 0.74 0.527–1.035
 Recipient of financial social assistance from government 154 20.2 1.08 0.757–1.547 1.7 1.229–2.366
Engagement in sex work
 Never 121 15.9 1 1
 In the past only 260 34.1 1.31 0.834–2.069 1.29 0.871–1.923
 Currently (partial source of income) 126 16.5 1.84 1.103–3.097 1.21 0.765–1.909
 Currently (sole source of income) 256 33.6 1.73 1.108–2.737 0.63 0.424–0.944