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Table 1 Characteristics of Individuals Living with Schizophrenia, Stratified by Sex

From: Perceived burden and family functioning among informal caregivers of individuals living with schizophrenia in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

  Total Men Women
(N = 66) (N = 44) (N = 22)
Age Categorized
  < = 24 10 (15.2%) 7 (15.9%) 3 (13.6%)
 25–34 27 (40.9%) 20 (45.5%) 7 (31.8%)
 35–50 29 (43.9%) 17 (38.6%) 12 (54.6%)
Age, in years
 Mean (SD) 33.0 (8.2) 32.6 (8.2) 33.9 (8.4)
 Min, Max 18, 50 18, 49 21, 50
Relationship Status
 Partnered, living together 10 (15.2%) 7 (15.9%) 3 (13.6%)
 Partnered, not living together 12 (18.2%) 4 (9.1%) 8 (36.4%)
 Single, not partnered 44 (66.7%) 33 (75.0%) 11 (50.0%)
Educational Level
 Primary or less 25 (37.9%) 15 (34.1%) 10 (45.5%)
 Secondary or higher 41 (62.1%) 29 (65.9%) 12 (54.6%)
Worked in the Past 3 Months
 No 28 (42.4%) 16 (36.4%) 12 (54.6%)
 Yes 38 (57.6%) 28 (63.6%) 10 (45.5%)
Financial Contribution to Household
 No 43 (65.2%) 26 (59.1%) 17 (77.3%)
 Yes 23 (34.9%) 18 (40.9%) 5 (22.7%)
Length of Illness, in years
 Mean (SD) 9.1 (8.1) 9 (7.5) 9.4 (9.3)
 Min, Max 0, 29 0, 29 0, 26
Disability (WHODAS)
 Mean (SD) 37.5 (20.6) 37.2 (20.5) 38.1 (21.3)
 Min, Max 0, 83.7 0, 82.6 4.3, 83.7
Positive PANSS Scale Score
 Mean (SD) 11.0 (4.3) 11.9 (4.8) 9.2 (2.2)
 Min, Max 7, 26 7, 26 7, 15
Negative PANSS Scale Score
 Mean (SD) 11.1 (4.7) 11.6 (5.2) 9.9 (3.3)
 Min, Max 7, 30 7, 30 7, 20
General PANSS Scale Score
 Mean (SD) 23.8 (7.7) 24.5 (8.7) 22.6 (5.3)
 Min, Max 16, 60 16, 60 16, 35
Total PANSS Score
 Mean (SD) 45.9 (14.5) 48.0 (16.4) 41.7 (8.9)
 Min, Max 30, 103 30, 103 30, 67
  1. WHODAS World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule, PANSS Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale