Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of Informal Caregivers, Stratified by Sex

From: Perceived burden and family functioning among informal caregivers of individuals living with schizophrenia in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

  Total Men Women
(N = 66) (N = 23) (N = 43)
Age Categorized
  < = 24 1 (1.5%) 1 (4.4%) 0 (0.0%)
 25–49 32 (48.5%) 13 (56.5%) 19 (44.2%)
 50+ 33 (50.0%) 9 (39.1%) 24 (55.8%)
Age, in years
 Mean (SD) 48.8 (13.1) 47.0 (15.3) 49.7 (11.9)
 Min, Max 21, 72 21, 72 25, 70
Relationship Status
 Partnered, living together 34 (51.5%) 14 (60.9%) 20 (46.5%)
 Partnered, not living together 9 (13.6%) 4 (17.4%) 5 (11.6%)
 Single, not partnered 23 (34.9%) 5 (21.7%) 18 (41.9%)
Educational Level
 Primary or less 42 (63.6%) 14 (60.9%) 28 (65.1%)
 Secondary or higher 24 (36.4%) 9 (39.1%) 15 (34.9%)
Worked in the Past 3 Months
 No 31 (47.0%) 11 (47.8%) 20 (46.5%)
 Yes 35 (53.0%) 12 (52.2%) 23 (53.5%)
Financial Contribution to Household
 No 17 (25.8%) 3 (13.0%) 14 (32.6%)
 Yes 49 (74.2%) 20 (87.0%) 29 (67.4%)
Relationship to Individual with Schizophrenia
 Spouse/Partner 7 (10.6%) 2 (8.7%) 5 (11.6%)
 Child 2 (3.0%) 1 (4.4%) 1 (2.3%)
 Parent 32 (48.5%) 7 (30.4%) 25 (58.1%)
 Sibling 12 (18.2%) 6 (26.1%) 6 (14.0%)
 Other relatives 11 (16.7%) 6 (26.1%) 5 (11.6%)
 Friend 2 (3.0%) 1 (4.4%) 1 (2.3%)
Living Together
 No 10 (15.2%) 4 (17.4%) 6 (14.0%)
 Yes 56 (84.9%) 19 (82.6%) 37 (86.1%)
Religiosity (IR Subscale of DUREL)
 Mean (SD) 14.2 (1.1) 14.3 (1.1) 14.2 (1.2)
 Min, Max 10, 15 11, 15 10, 15
Hope (HHI) †
 Mean (SD) 38.7 (6.7) 39.0 (6.6) 38.6 (6.8)
 Min, Max 14, 48 25, 48 14, 48
Family Functioning (SCORE-15) †
 Mean (SD) 2.4 (0.6) 2.3 (0.6) 2.5 (0.6)
 Min, Max 1.1, 3.6 1.3, 3.5 1.1, 3.6
Caregiver Burden (BAS), Continuous †
 Mean (SD) 45.8 (15.7) 43.2 (17.4) 47.1 (14.8)
 Min, Max 19, 75 19, 75 22, 73
Caregiver Burden (BAS), Categorical †
 Low Burden 24 (36.9%) 10 (45.5%) 14 (32.6%)
 High Burden 41 (63.1%) 12 (54.6%) 29 (67.4%)
  1. DUREL Duke University Religion Index SCORE-15 Systemic Clinical Outcome and Routine Evaluation, BAS Burden Assessment Scale, HHI Herth Hope Index
  2. N = 65 (Men = 22, Women = 43)