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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants

From: Vitamin D deficiency and depression in obese adults: a comparative observational study

Characteristic Depressed
N = 174
Non-depressed
N = 173
P value
Age (years) 42 ± 10 37 ± 10 <  0.001
 18–39 years, n (%) 72 (40%) 111 (60%)  
 40–60 years, n (%) 102 (62%) 62 (38%)  
Female, n (%) 160 (92%) 130 (75%) <  0.001
BMI (Kg/m2) 42 ± 7 43 ± 7 0.05
Vitamin D status, n (%)
 Normal 39 (22%) 56 (32%) 0.03
 Insufficient/Deficient 135 (77%) 117 (67%)