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Table 2 Univariate analysis of neutral or lasting bad effects – demographic factors and process of care

From: Patient experience of lasting negative effects of psychological interventions for anxiety and depression in secondary mental health care services: a national cross-sectional study

  Neutral or lasting negative effects, n/N (%) OR (95% CI)
Age, years
 > 65 29/181 (16) 1
 18–25 12/38 (31.6) 2.419 (1.097–5.335)
 26–35 24/72 (33.3) 2.621 (1.395–4.924)
 36–45 23/91 (25.3) 1.773 (0.956–3.287)
 46–55 49/133 (36.8) 3.057 (1.798–5.119)
 56–65 25/85 (29.4) 2.184 (1.183–4.030)
Gender
 Female 112/404 (27.7) 1
 Male 48/198 (24.2) 0.834 (0.564–1.234)
Ethnicity
 White 138/535 (25.8) 1
 Mixed 2/14 (14.3) 0.479 (0.106–2.169)
 Asian 8/28 (28.6) 1.151 (0.496–2.672)
 Black 5/16 (31.3) 1.308 (0.446–3.830)
 Other 4/8 (50) 2.877 (0.710–11.659)
I was referred to therapy at the right time
 Agree 76/412 (18.4) 1
 Neutral/Disagree 97/205 (47.3) 3.971 (2.742–5.751)
The waiting time for my treatment to start was reasonable
 Agree 67/357 (18.8) 1
 Neutral/Disagree 101/250 (40.4) 2.934 (2.034–4.233)
I received enough information about my therapy before it began
 Agree 71/382 (18.6) 1
 Neutral/Disagree 99/226 (43.8) 3.415 (2.363–4.934)
I received the right number of therapy sessions from this service
 Agree 64/377 (17) 1
 Neutral/Disagree 113/252 (44.8) 3.976 (2.757–5.733)
My therapist and I agreed goals for my therapy
 Agree 103/478 (21.5) 1
 Neutral/Disagree 73/147 (49.7) 3.592 (2.432–5.405)
I had a discussion with my therapist about my previous therapy and experiences
 Agree 116/462 (25.1) 1
 Neutral/Disagree 60/162 (37) 1.755 (1.198–2.571)
I had a discussion with my therapist about my overall care
 Agree 90/423 (21.3) 1
 Neutral/Disagree 84/199 (42.2) 2.703 (1.876–3.894)
Did you and your therapist discuss your progress?
 Yes 98/462 (21.2) 1
 No/Unsure 79/166 (47.6) 3.373 (2.312–4.920)