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Table 3 Course of alcohol use, alcohol-related symptoms and consequences as well as comorbid psychopathology over time

From: Treating alcohol use disorder in the absence of specialized services – evaluation of the moving inpatient Treatment Camp approach in Uganda

  PRE
(n = 25)
FU1
(n = 24)
FU2
(n = 24)
Statistic
F-Value/ Χ2-Value
η2 a Hedges’s gb
Alcohol-related symptoms (AUDIT), mean (SD)c 27.92 (7.33) 9.67 (8.92) 6.79 (3.83) 74.15*** 0.77 3.49
Alcohol consumption in standard drinks on a typical day with consumption, mean (SD)d 23.19 (12.80) 4.72 (6.26) 2.90 (2.47) 48.19***e 0.69 2.13
Percentage of days with consumption, mean (SD) 69.76 (22.41) 18.13 (25.75) 19.59 (26.96) 45.02***e, f 0.68 1.96
Obsessive thoughts related to drinking (OCDS), mean (SD)g 12.00 (6.36) 4.83 (5.20) 5.09 (4.49) 18.76***f 0.47 1.21
Compulsive drinking behavior (OCDS), mean (SD)g 13.80 (4.52) 6.33 (6.16) 7.08 (4.58) 19.17*** 0.47 1.43
Craving intensity in the past week, mean (SD)h 5.84 (2.70) 3.04 (3.21) 2.83 (2.71) 10.91***f 0.34 1.07
Craving frequency in the past week, mean (SD)h 5.36 (3.16) 2.46 (2.90) 2.61 (2.81) 10.39***f 0.33 0.89
Functioning impairment due to alcohol or other mental health related issues (LFS), mean (SD)i 0.31 (0.33) 0.06 (0.15) 0.08 (0.18) 10.27**e 0.32 0.84
Stigmatization because of alcohol-related problems (PSQ), mean (SD)j 0.82 (0.88) 0.26 (0.43) 0.25 (0.56) 9.86**f, k   0.75
PTSD Symptoms (PDS), mean (SD)l 2.08 (4.65) 1.39 (2.98) 1.88 (4.68) 0.05k   0.04
Depression Symptoms (DHSCL), mean (SD)n 2.13 (0.68) 1.47 (0.50) 1.70 (0.69) 9.49**k   0.61
  1. Note. a Effect sizes of ≥ .01 are considered small, of ≥ .06 medium and of ≥ .14 large (n = 23). b Effect sizes are reported for PRE to FU2 only (n = 24). Hedges’s g is interpreted equivalent to Cohen’s d, i.e. values of ≥ .20 are considered small, of ≥ .50 medium and of ≥ .80 large. c possible score range: 0–40. d One standard drink is defined as a drink containing 13 g of pure ethanol, e.g. 1 bottle of beer at 330 ml and 5%. e The assumption of sphericity is violated, significance is reported according to the Greenhouse-Geisser correction. f reduced n = 22 for repeated measures ANOVA and n = 23 for Hedges’s g. g possible score range: 0–20. h possible score range: 0–10. i possible score range: 0–2. j possible score range: 0–4. k The assumption of normality is considerably violated, therefore significance is determined via the non-parametric Friedman test, Χ2-values are reported. l possible score range: 0–51. m possible score range: 1–4
  2. significance: **p < .01, ***p < .001