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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and factors related to prenatal anxiety among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic in Shenyang China (N = 304)

From: Prenatal anxiety and the associated factors among Chinese pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic——a smartphone questionnaire survey study

Variables Number(%) Non-Prenatal Anxiety (%) Prenatal Anxiety(%) X2 P
Demographic characteristics and characteristics of pregnancy
Age (years)
  18–29 151(49.7%) 129(85.4%) 22(14.6%) 4.517 0.100
  30–34 118(38.8%) 107(90.7%) 11(9.3%)   
   ≥ 35 35(11.5%) 34(97.1%) 1(2.9%)   
Education
  Junior college and below 146(48.0%) 133(91.1%) 13(8.9%) 1.470 0.225
  Bachelor’s degree and above 158(52.0%) 137(86.7%) 21(13.3%)   
Monthly income (CNY)
   ≤ 3000 56(18.4%) 44(78.6%) 12(21.4%) 7.392 0.025*
  3001–5000 136(44.7%) 123(90.4) 13(9.6%)   
   > 5000 112(36.8%) 103(92.0) 9(8.0%)   
Trimester of gestation
  First and second trimester 71(23.4%) 65(91.5%) 6(8.5%) 0.697 0.404
  Third trimester 233(76.6%) 205(88%) 28(12%)   
History of abortion
 Yes 90(29.6%) 83(92.2%) 7(7.8%) 1.494 0.222
 No 214(70.4%) 187(87.4%) 27(12.6%)   
Symptoms of pregnant status
Gravidity
  1 time 192(63.2%) 165(85.9%) 27(14.1%) 4.346 0.037*
   ≥ 2 times 112(36.8%) 105(93.8%) 7(6.3%)   
Pregnancy complication
  Yes 109(35.9%) 97(89.0%) 12(11.0%) 0.005 0.942
  No 195(64.1%) 173(88.7%) 22(11.3%)   
Vomiting
  Ever 68(22.4%) 63(92.6%) 5(7.4%) 1.294 0.025*
  Never 236(77.6%) 207(87.7%) 29(12.3%)   
Mood fluctuations
  Yes 104(34.2%) 91(87.5%) 13(12.5%) 0.276 0.040*
  No 200(65.8%) 179(89.5%) 21(10.5%)   
Impacts of COVID-19
Reported large impact on daily life during the COVID-19 pandemic
  Yes 193(63.5%) 168(87.0%) 25(13.0%) 1.666 0.197
  No 111(36.5%) 102(91.9%) 9(8.1%)   
Perceived susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection
  Impossible 134(44.1%) 125(96.3%) 9(6.7%) 7.785 0.028*
  Somewhat possible 129(42.4%) 107(82.9%) 22(17.1%)   
  Very possible 41(13.5%) 38(92.7%) 3(7.3%)   
Community in lockdown
  Yes 236(77.6%) 208(88.1%) 28(11.9%) 0.419 0.483
  No 68(22.4%) 62(91.2%) 6(8.8%)   
Satisfaction with medical care
  Yes 260(85.5%) 237(91.2%) 23(8.8%) 9.886 0.002**
  No 44(14.5%) 33(75%) 11(25%)   
Self-efficacy
   ≤ 20 60(19.7%) 47(78.3%) 13(21.7%) 8.269 0.004**
   > 20 244(80.3%) 233(91.4%) 21(8.6%)   
Timely support from family and friends
  Yes 244(80.3%) 221(90.6%) 23(9.4%) 3.846 0.050
  No 60(19.7%) 49(81.7%) 11(18.3%)   
  1. CNY Chinese yuan
  2. *Significant at the 0.05 level (two-tailed)
  3. **Significant at the 0.01 level (two-tailed)