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Table 5 Univariate and multivariate analysis to evaluate associated factors to the metabolic syndrome in patients suffering from schizophrenia in Ethiopia (n = 200)

From: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among patients with schizophrenia in Ethiopia

Variable Metabolic Syndrome COR(95%CI) P = value AOR(95%CI) P = value
Number of patients (%) Yes, 43(21.5)) No, 157(78.5)     
Age (in Years) n (%)
  < 30 3(7.0) 30(19.1) 1    
  ≥ 30 40(93.0) 127(80.9) 0.32(0.09–1.1) 0.70   
Sex n (%)
 Male 22(51.2) 107(68.2) 1   1  
 Female 21(48.8) 50 (31.8) 2.04(1.03–4.06) 0.041 0.63(0.30–1.34) 0.231
Marital status n (%)
 Married 9(20.9) 19(12.1) 1    
 Single 34(79.1) 138(87.9) 1.92(0.8–4.6) 0.144   
Occupation status n (%)
 Working 11(25.6) 33(21.0) 1    
 Not working 32(74.4) 124(79.0) 1.29(0.59–2.83) 0.523   
PANSS Score mean ± SD 78 ± 13 85 ± 16 1.03(1.01–1.06) 0.012 1.03(1.001–1.054 0.046
Duration of illness (in Years) mean ± SD 16 ± 9 14 ± 9 0.98(0.94–1.02) 0.288   
Current treatment n (%)
 FGAs 29(67.4) 103(66.0) 1    
 SGAs 14(32.6) 53(34.0) 0.94(0.46–1.93) 0.862   
Smoking status n (%)
 No 37(92.5) 117(75.0) 1    
 Yes 3(7.5) 39(25.0) 4.1(1.2–14.1) 0.024 3.2(0.88–11.7 0.077
Khat Chewing status n (%)
 No 37(92.5) 143(91.7) 1    
 Yes 3(7.5) 13(8.3) 1.12(0.30–4.14) 0.864   
Living arrangement n (%)
 Lives with parental family 30(69.8) 130(82.8) 1    
 Lives with marital family 8(18.6) 17(10.8) 0.49(0.19–1.24) 0.133   
 Lives with other relatives/lives alone 5(11.6) 10(6.4) 0.46(0.15–1.50) 0.185   
  1. Abbreviations: AOR adjusted ratios, COR Crude odds ratios, SD standard deviation, PANSS Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale