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Table 3 Comparison of characteristics of ever- vs. never-treated urban-dwelling individuals with schizophrenia in China (2001–2005)

From: Determinants of never-treated status in rural versus urban contexts for individuals with schizophrenia in a population-based study in China

Characteristic Ever-treated (N = 71) Never-treated (N = 15) t (df) p+
n mean (sd) n mean (sd)
Age 71 44.2 (14.1) 15 47.4 (15.7) t(84) = 0.79 0.434
Years of schooling 71 9.0 (3.6) 15 8.1 (3.5) t(84) = 0.89 0.374
Age of onset 69 29.2 (9.6) 12 40.1 (15.9) t (12)=2.31 0.039
Duration of illness (years) 69 15.2 (12.1) 12 7.8 (7.0) t (25)=2.99 0.006
Global Assessment of Function (GAF) score 71 44.5 (14.9) 15 49.4 (21.0) t(84) = 1.08 0.283
Characteristic Ever-treated Never-treated Z p+
n median (IQR) n median (IQR)
Number co-resident family members1 69 2.0 (2.0–3.0) 12 2.5 (2.0–3.0) Z = 0.09 0.928
Annual per capita family income ($US)*1 71 486 (304–801) 15 607 (364–729) Z = 0.96 0.338
Characteristic Ever-treated Never-treated X2 (df) p+
n/N % n/N %
Sex      X2 (1)=0.43 0.513
  male 35/71 49.3% 6/15 40.0%   
  female 36/71 50.7% 9/15 60.0%   
Marital Status      X2 (1)=0.15 0.701
  never married 37/71 52.1% 7/15 46.7%   
  ever married 34/71 47.9% 8/15 53.3%   
Living status      X2 (1)=0.0009 1.000
  lives with family members 57/71 80.3% 13/15 86.7%   
  lives alone 12/71 16.9% 2/15 13.3%   
Occupation      Fisher’s exact 1.000
  employed 16/67 23.9% 3/13 23.1%   
  unemployed 51/67 76.1% 10/13 76.9%   
Religion      Fisher’s exact 0.053
  non-religious 66/71 93.0% 11/15 73.3%   
  religious** 5/71 7.0% 4/15 26.7%   
Has health insurance      X2 (1)=1.75 0.186
  yes 34/71 47.9% 10/15 66.7%   
  no (self-pay) 37/71 52.1% 5/15 33.3%   
  1. +statistically significant p-values are bolded
  2. 1 indicates comparison of medians using Mann Whitney Test
  3. *based on 1 July 2003 exchange rate of 8.236 RMB = 1$US
  4. **includes Catholic, Protestant, Buddhist and Taoist