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Table 1 Group differences between healthy controls and inpatients before the pandemic (age and sex needed not to be controlled for in these analyses, because these variables differed not significantly between control and MDD group)

From: Primary emotions as predictors for fear of COVID-19 in former inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder and healthy control participants

  Control MDD df t pBH 95% CI for mean difference d
n M (SD) n M (SD) Lower Upper
SLEs 49 8.25(7.13) 44 25.00(23.89) 49.88 −4.48 < .001 −24.27 −9.24 − 0.95
Suppression 49 3.47(1.30) 42 4.63(1.51) 81.41 −3.90 < .001 −1.75 −0.57 −0.83
Reappraisal 49 4.72(1.01) 42 3.61(1.29) 77.22 4.50 < .001 0.62 1.60 0.96
SEEKING 48 2.85(0.32) 43 2.46(0.46) 73.56 4.71 < .001 0.23 0.56 1.00
CARE 48 3.02(0.38) 43 2.95(0.55) 74.17 0.73 .551 −0.13 0.27 0.15
PLAY 48 2.97(0.36) 43 2.27(0.47) 78.34 7.94 < .001 0.52 0.87 1.68
FEAR 48 2.30(0.41) 43 3.21(0.51) 80.12 −9.37 < .001 −1.11 −0.72 −1.98
ANGER 48 2.41(0.43) 44 2.49(0.46) 87.88 −0.88 .508 −0.26 0.10 − 0.18
SADNESS 48 2.24(0.30) 44 2.89(0.42) 77.52 −8.51 < .001 −0.81 − 0.50 −1.79
  1. Note. pBH refers to p-values (two-tailed) controlled for FDR. SLEs stressful life events, MDD group of former inpatients suffering from Major Depressive Disorder