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Table 1 Sample characteristics of children and primary caregivers

From: Exploring protective and risk factors in the home environment in high-risk families – results from the Danish High Risk and Resilience Study—VIA 7

  N FHR-SZ FHR-BP PBC P-valuef P-valuef Pairwise comparison
  FHR-SZ vs. PBC FHR-BP vs. PBC FHR-BP vs. FHR-SZ
Childrena 471 172 109 190     
Females, N (%) 223/471 85 (49.42) 52 (47.71) 86 (45.26) 0.73 0.43 0.68 0.78
Children's IQb, mean (SD) 468 102.58 (11.10) 104.08 (9.42) 105 (10.07) 0.08 0.03 0.44 0.24
Severe life events 0–3 years old 471      < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.48
 0   63 (36.63) 48 (44.04) 114 60.00)     
 1   56 (32.56) 28 (25.69) 55 (28.95)     
 2   40 (23.26) 27 (24.77) 15 (7.89)     
 3   13 (7.56) 6 (5.50) 6 (3.16)     
Severe life events 4–7 years old: 471     0.004 0.001 0.023 0.60
 0   45 (26.16) 32 (29.36) 78 (41.05)     
 1   52 (30.23) 33 (30.28) 65 (34.21)     
 2   50 (29.07) 34 (31.19) 32 (16.84)     
 3   25 (14.53) 10 (9.17) 15 (7.89)     
K-SADS-PLc diagnosis present 469     0.002 0.001 0.012 0.67
 No   97 (57.06) 65 (59.63) 140 (73.68)     
 Yes   73 (42.94) 44 (40.37) 50 (26.32)     
Primary caregiversd 471 172 109 190     
Female primary caregivers, N (%) 430/471 155 (90.12) 102 (93.58) 173 (91.05) 0.60 0.76 0.44 0.31
Primary caregiver's age, mean (SD) 471 37.50 (5.95) 39.41 (5.71) 40.06 (4.15)  < 0.001  < 0.0001 0.26 0.01
Primary caregiver´s IQb, mean (SD) 466 102.43 (8.80) 104.94 (8.23) 103.97 (7.96) 0.04 0.08 0.32 0.02
Primary caregiver is single, N (%) 123/471 68 (39.53) 34 (31.19) 21 (11.05)  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.16
Primary caregiver´s level of functioninge, mean (SD) 466 72.71 (14.28) 74.70 (14.08) 84.38 (9.20)  < 0.0001  < 0.001  < 0.0001 0.26
Primary caregiver is unemployed 355/471 62 (36.05) 36 (33.03) 18 (9.47)  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.61
Diagnosis of substance use 22/471 13 (7.56) 9 (8.26) 0 (0)  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.83
  1. aIn the case of siblings, parent and child information is only included from the first included sibling in order not to count the same parent twice. bReynolds Intellectual Screening Test (RIST). cKSADS-PL, Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia. dPrimary caregiver is defined as the parent or forster parent that knows the child the best and spends most time with the child. ePersonal and Social Performance Scale (PSP).fData was analysed with either one-way analyses of variance (ANOVA) (continuous variables) or Chi-squared test (categorical variables)