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Table 1 General demographic characteristics of participants

From: Transdiagnostic symptom subtypes across autism spectrum disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: validated by measures of neurocognition and structural connectivity

  ASD [1] N = 65 ADHD [2] N = 47 TDC [3] N = 52 F/χ2 p Post-hoc
Sex (Woman /Man) 10/55 6/41 9/43 0.396 0.821
age 9.27(3.56) 8.68(2.26) 8.48(2.42) 1.187 0.308
Min 3 6 5  
Max 17 16 16  
IQ 92.92(17.45) 109.2(16.99) 105.49(15.12) 15.206 < 0.001*** 1 < 2/3
Min 70 73 70  
Max 128 143 135  
AQ 44.00(13.85) 32.64(9.91) 33.56(11.13) 16.254 < 0.001*** 1 > 2/3
SNAP-IV 35.75(10.84) 41.51(9.61) 25.52(9.93) 31.558 < 0.001*** 2 > 1/3
Socialness 18.60(6.59) 11.79(5.94) 11.81(5.67) 24.17 < 0.001*** 1 > 2/3
Mindreading 12.29(6.15) 9.89(5.07) 8.25(5.04) 7.97 0.001** 1 > 3
Patterns 6.12(2.85) 6.34(2.53) 6.08(2.57) 0.14 0.872
Details 6.31(2.33) 5.79(2.30) 5.44(2.59) 1.92 0.15
Perseveration 10.11(3.79) 8.66(2.25) 8.10(3.01) 6.35 0.002** 1 > 3
IA 14.57(4.40) 18.38(3.25) 12.77(4.46) 23.72 < 0.001*** 2 > 1/3
HI 10.98(4.17) 14.17(4.91) 9.13(5.24) 14.17 < 0.001*** 2 > 1/3
ODD 8.18(4.13) 11.94(4.83) 8.25(4.79) 11.22 < 0.001*** 2 > 1/3
ADOS-G 18.04(5.28)
ADI-R 41.66(16.71)
PPT-hands 30.98 (9.93) 36.99 (8.01) 36.17 (6.65) 5.244 0.006** 1 < 2/3
PPT-assemble 17.60 (7.25) 22.00 (7.61) 25.61(6.69) 13.184 < 0.001*** 1 < 2 < 3
VP 103.06 (15.99) 108.04 (11.02) 113.67(11.48) 5.642 0.004** 1 < 3
MC 94.75 (18.04) 97.15 (17.88) 106.52 (14.06) 5.943 0.003** 1/2 < 3
VMI 96.06 (19.78) 99.57 (16.17) 105.48 (11.86) 2.874 0.59 1 < 3
VF se 14.14 (5.06) 15.13 (4.74) 16.85 (5.61) 3.211 0.043 * 1 < 3
VF ph 4.75 (2.92) 4.00 (2.54) 5.02 (3.04) 1.868 0.158
RVP 0.89 (0.09) 0.90 (0.08) 0.91 (0.07) 0.533 0.588
SOC 5.65 (3.17) 4.81(2.35) 6.27(2.42) 4.607 0.011* 2 < 3
SWM −54.58(25.12) −51.77 (26.13) −34.73 (27.39) 8.174 < 0.001*** 1/2 < 3
IED −47.23 (23.09) −48.09 (20.16) −39.62 (25.50) 2.267 0.107
  1. Note: One-Way ANOVA with Bonferroni post-hoc test. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001. IQ: intelligence quotient. AQ Autism-Spectrum Quotient total scores; SNAP-IV Swanson Nolan and Pelham, Version IV Scale total scores; socialness: AQ socialness subscale, mindreading: AQ mindreading subscale, patterns: AQ patterns subscale, details: AQ attention to details, perseveration: AQ attention switching/perseveration subscale. IA: SNAP-IV inattention subscale, HI: SNAP-IV hyperactivity/impulsivity, ODD: SNAP-IV oppositional defiant disorder subscale; PPT Purdue Pegbord Test measuring fine motor function, VP visual perception, MC motor coordination, VMI visual motor integration, VF-se semantic verbal fluency, VF-ph phoneny verbal fluency, RVP rapid visual information processing, measure for sustain attention, SOC stockings of cambridge, measure for planning, SWM spatial working memory, measuring working memory, IED Intra−/Extra-dimensional Set-shift Task, measuring regular