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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the participants (N = 30)

From: Culture-dependent and universal constructs and promoting factors for the process of personal recovery in users of mental health services: qualitative findings from Japan

  N (mean) % (SD)a
Age, years (40.4) (12.9)
Gender
 Male 16 53.3
 Female 14 46.7
Classification of mental disorder
 Schizophrenia 15 50.0
 Mood disorders 8 26.7
 Other 7 23.3
Living situation
 Single 8 26.7
 With family 18 60.0
 Other 4 13.3
Years of education
 Less than high school 3 10.0
 High school 13 43.3
 University 14 46.7
Marital status
 Single/never married 22 73.3
 Married 6 20.0
 Other 2 6.7
Employment/studying
 Studying 2 6.7
 Employed (paying job) 13 43.3
 Other 15 50.0
Service use
 Medications/ therapy 12 40.0
 Day care service 9 30.0
 Employment support service 5 16.7
 Other 4 13.3
History of psychiatric hospitalization
 0 12 40.0
  ≥ 1 18 60.0
Questionnaires (self-report)
 QPR-Jb (65.5) (10.2)
 WHO-5-Jc (15.9) (3.3)
 WHODAS II-Jd (16.3) (12.1)
  1. a SD standard deviation
  2. b QPR-J The Japanese version of the Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery
  3. c WHO-5-J The Japanese version of the WHO-Five Well-Being Index
  4. d WHODAS II-J The Japanese version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II