Skip to main content

Table 3 Joint effect of number of chronic pain sites and insomnia symptoms on risk of anxiety and depression at follow up

From: The interplay between multisite pain and insomnia on the risk of anxiety and depression: the HUNT study

  No insomnia symptoms Sub-threshold insomniaa Insomnia (ICSD-3)b
Chronic pain variables No. of persons No. of cases Age-adjusted RR Multi-adjusted, RRc (95% CI) No. of persons No. of cases Age-adjusted RR Multi-adjusted RRc (95% CI) No. of persons No. of cases Age-adjusted RR Multi-adjusted RRc (95% CI)
No chronic pain 7653 703 1.00 1.00 (reference) 1497 219 1.60 1.57 (1.36–1.81) 230 40 1.86 1.78 (1.33–2.38)
 1–2 pain sites 3063 312 1.12 1.11 (0.98–1.26) 952 149 1.73 1.69 (1.43–1.99) 146 21 1.55 1.48 (0.99–2.21)
 3–4 pain sites 1826 223 1.35 1.31 (1.14–1.52) 834 136 1.82 1.74 (1.46–2.06) 205 42 2.24 2.15 (1.62–2.84)
 ≥5 pain sites 968 139 1.60 1.52 (1.28–1.81) 717 123 1.93 1.81 (1.51–2.17) 210 48 2.56 2.42 (1.85–3.16)
  1. CI confidence interval, RR risk ratio
  2. aAt least one of the following symptoms: ‘difficulty falling asleep’, ‘difficulty maintaining sleep’, ‘waking up too early’, ‘daytime sleepiness’
  3. bAt least one nighttime insomnia symptom (‘difficulty falling asleep’, ‘difficulty maintaining sleep’, or ‘waking up too early’) accompanied by daytime sleepiness
  4. cMulti-adjusted for age (continuous), sex (women, men), body mass index (continuous), smoking (never, former or occasional, current), alcohol consumption (no alcohol abuse, possible alcohol abuse), physical activity level (inactive, low activity, moderate activity, high activity)