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Table 3 Comparison of sleep quality and its subscales between study groups

From: Effect of acceptance and commitment therapy on mood, sleep quality and quality of life in menopausal women: a randomized controlled trial

Variable Counseling group (n = 43) Control group (n = 43) P-value
Mean (SD) Median (Per 25 to 75)§ Mean (SD) Median (Per 25 to 75)§
Subjective sleep quality
 Before intervention 0.96 (0.85) 1.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.68 (0.72) 1.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.130*
 After intervention 0.54 (0.67) 0.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.56 (0.71) 0.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.926*
 Intra-group comparison (P-value)¥ < 0.001 0.025  
Sleep latency
 Before intervention 1.37 (1.04) 1.50 (0.50 to 2.50) 1.41 (1.05) 1.50 (0.00 to 2.50) 0.837
 After intervention 0.88 (0.91) 0.50 (0.00 to 1.50) 1.09 (0.94) 1.00 (0.00 to 2.00) 0.334*
 Intra-group comparison (P-value)¥ < 0.001 < 0.001  
Sleep duration
 Before intervention 0.98 (0.86) 1.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.94 (0.71) 1.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.985*
 After intervention 0.70 (0.71) 1.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.70 (0.64) 1.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.920*
 Intra-group comparison (P-value)¥ 0.001 0.012  
Sleep efficacy
 Before intervention 0.14 (0.42) 0.00 (0.00 to 0.00) 0.17 (0.38) 0.00 (0.00 to 0.00) 0.570*
 After intervention 0.05 (0.22) 0.00 (0.00 to 0.00) 0.05 (0.22) 0.00 (0.00 to 0.00) 1.000*
 Intra-group comparison (P-value)¥ 0.046 0.025  
Sleep disturbance
 Before intervention 1.26 (0.50) 1.00 (1.00 to 2.00) 1.17 (0.44) 1.00 (1.00 to 1.00) 0.339*
 After intervention 1.17 (0.49) 1.00 (1.00 to 1.00) 1.05 (0.31) 1.00 (1.00 to 1.00) 0.165*
 Intra-group comparison (P-value)¥ 0.102 0.025  
Use of sleeping medication
 Before intervention 0.63 (1.03) 0.00 (0.00 to 2.00) 0.38 (0.66) 0.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.466*
 After intervention 0.49 (0.91) 0.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.38 (0.66) 0.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.844*
 Intra-group comparison (P-value)¥ 0.034 1.000  
Daytime dysfunction
 Before intervention 0.31 (0.52) 0.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.52 (0.83) 0.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.350 *
 After intervention 0.24 (0.43) 0.00 (0.00 to 0.00) 0.33 (0.57) 0.00 (0.00 to 1.00) 0.546 *
 Intra-group comparison (P-value)¥ 0.008 0.001  
Total sleep quality score
 Before intervention 5.62 (2.82) 5.50 (3.00 to 7.50) 5.23 (3.26) 4.00 (3.00 to 7.50) 0.548
 After intervention 4.04 (2.52) 4.00 (2.00 to 5.50) 4.13 (2.63) 3.50 (2.00 to 6.00) 0.867
 Intra-group comparison (P-value) < 0.001 < 0.001  
  1. *Mann Whitney U test; Independent t-test; Mean (Standard Deviation); §Median (Percentile 25 to Percentile 75);
  2. ¥ Wilcoxon test; Paired samples t-test