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Table 1 Stratification of participant demographic data. Healthcare personnel were recruited from Princeton Community Hospital and West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine

From: Pro-inflammatory diet and depressive symptoms in the healthcare setting

Variable Level N Mean SD Min Max
Previous psychiatric diagnosis No 448 5.71 5.01 0 27
Yes 183 9.69 6.07 0 27
Currently taking psychotropic medication No 492 6.11 5.22 0 27
Yes 139 9.55 6.21 0 27
Typical weekly physical exercise Less than once per week 172 8.73 5.94 0 27
Once per week 101 6.62 5.56 0 27
2–3 times per week 218 6.31 5.26 0 27
Daily 140 5.62 5.33 0 27
Typical weekly meditation/mindfulness exercise Less than once per week 367 7.54 5.85 0 27
Once per week 80 6.56 5.07 0 20
2–3 times per week 59 5.15 4.48 0 19
Daily for less than 20 min 95 5.87 5.28 0 20
Daily for greater than 20 min 30 5.87 6.33 0 26
Typical weekly spiritual exercise None 174 7.39 5.68 0 26
Less than once per week 132 7.67 5.17 0 23
Once per week 93 7.08 6.06 0 27
Daily 232 5.94 5.57 0 27
Gender Female 471 7.35 5.75 0 27
Male 157 5.37 5.02 0 26
Non-binary/other 3 8.33 3.21 6 12
Primary Role Faculty, administrator, or staff without direct patient care 188 6.5 5.65 0 27
Physician or healthcare provider with direct patient care 163 7.61 5.66 0 23
Student (DO, MD, NP, PA) 280 6.68 5.58 0 27
  1. Key: N population size, SD standard deviation, Min minimum, Max maximum