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Table 1 Necessity and sufficiency effects of well-being on resilience, as well as the difference between these two effects

From: An extended version of Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA) allows more specific conclusions: an example involving well-being and resilience

  Necessity Sufficiency Difference
Well-being variable d p d p d (SE) p
Positive Emotions 0.122 <  0.001 0.056 0.226 0.065 (0.035) 0.069
Engagement 0.085 <  0.001 0.026 0.796 0.062 (0.039) 0.109
Positive relations 0.093 <  0.001 0.068 0.088 0.033 (0.019) 0.080
Meaning 0.117 0.003 0.032 0.474 0.088 (0.021) <  0.001
Accomplishment 0.121 <  0.001 0.085 0.153 0.035 (0.031) 0.264
Overall well-being 0.121 <  0.001 0.137 0.008 0.000 (0.033) 0.991
  1. The sufficiency effect of well-being on resilience equals the necessity effect of resilience on well-being; d = effect size; p = significance; SE Standard error