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Table 6 Crude association between psychiatric disorders and current substance usea

From: Prevalence and perception of substance abuse and associated economic indicators and mental health disorders in a large cohort of Kenyan students: towards integrated public health approach and clinical management

PDSQ Disorders Tobacco Current Alcohol Current Cannabis Current Sedatives Current Amphetamines/Khat Current
O.R Sig O.R Sig O.R Sig O.R Sig O.R Sig
(95% C.I) (95% C.I) (95% C.I) (95% C.I) (95% C.I)
Major Depressive Disorder 2.02  < 0.001 1.37  < 0.001 1.72  < 0.001 2.61  < 0.001 1.53 0.001
(1.67–2.43) (1.22–1.55) (1.40–2.10) (1.91–3.54) (1.17–1.97)
PTSD 1.46  < 0.001 1.22  < 0.001 1.32 0.006 2.39  < 0.001 1.58  < 0.001
(1.21–1.75) (1.09–1.36) (1.08–1.61) (1.76–3.24) (1.23–2.01)
Bulimia/Binge Eating Disorder 1.83 0.003 1.19 0.22 1.67 0.019 2.52 0.002 2.02 0.005
(1.21–2.66) (0.89–1.56) (1.06–2.50) (1.35–4.31) (1.20–3.21)
OCD 1.36 0.002 1.17 0.006 1.29 0.015 1.92  < 0.001 1.5 0.002
(1.12–1.66) (1.05–1.30) (1.05–1.58) (1.35–2.80) (1.16–1.97)
Panic Disorder 1.52  < 0.001 1.14 0.048 1.18 0.145 2.1  < 0.001 1.83  < 0.001
(1.24–1.86) (1.00–1.29) (0.94–1.47) (1.52–2.89) (1.41–2.36)
Psychosis 1.69  < 0.001 1.1 0.077 1.32 0.004 2.06  < 0.001 1.36 0.01
(1.41–2.01) (0.99–1.22) (1.09–1.59) (1.52–2.82) (1.07–1.72)
Agoraphobia 1.35  < 0.001 1.11 0.069 1.01 0.889 1.78  < 0.001 1.26 0.062
(1.13–1.62) (0.99–1.23) (0.83–1.23) (1.31–2.41) (0.99–1.59)
Social Phobia 1.45  < 0.001 1.45  < 0.001 1.41  < 0.001 2.51  < 0.001 1.74  < 0.001
(1.22–1.74) (1.31–1.61) (1.17–1.70) (1.81–3.54) (1.37–2.22)
Alcohol Abuse/Dependence 5.32  < 0.001 3.21  < 0.001 4.54  < 0.001 2.36  < 0.001 3.14  < 0.001
(4.45–6.38) (2.87–3.59) (3.76–5.49) (1.73–3.21) (2.48–3.98)
Drug Abuse/Dependence 6.01  < 0.001 2.68  < 0.001 5.48  < 0.001 2.4  < 0.001 3.52  < 0.001
(5.02–7.20) (2.37–3.02) (4.53–6.63) (1.72–3.30) (2.77–4.47)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder 1.56  < 0.001 1.6  < 0.001 1.34 0.021 2.36  < 0.001 1.76  < 0.001
(1.23–1.94) (1.39–1.84) (1.04–1.71) (1.66–3.31) (1.31–2.33)
Somatization Disorder 1.52  < 0.001 1.19 0.004 1.39 0.001 2.41  < 0.001 1.58  < 0.001
(1.25–1.82) (1.06–1.33) (1.14–1.70) (1.77–3.27) (1.24–2.02)
Hypochondriasis 1.73  < 0.001 1.27  < 0.001 1.5  < 0.001 1.84  < 0.001 1.9  < 0.001
(1.44–2.07) (1.14–1.43) (1.23–1.82) (1.34–2.50) (1.49–2.40)
Suicidality 1.81  < 0.001 1.38  < 0.001 1.54  < 0.001 2.41  < 0.001 1.55  < 0.001
(1.50–2.19) (1.23–1.56) (1.26–1.89) (1.77–3.28) (1.20–1.99)
  1. O.R Odds Ratio, C.I Confidence Interval
  2. aResults from a univariatelogisticregressionmodel