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Table 7 Independent psychiatric disorders that predict current substance usea

From: Prevalence and perception of substance abuse and associated economic indicators and mental health disorders in a large cohort of Kenyan students: towards integrated public health approach and clinical management

PDSQ Disorders Tobacco Current Alcohol Current Cannabis Current Sedatives Current Amphetamines/Khat Current
A.O.R Sig A.O.R Sig A.O.R Sig A.O.R Sig A.O.R Sig
(95% C.I) (95% C.I) (95% C.I) (95% C.I) (95% C.I)
Major Depressive Disorder 1.43 0.005 1.08 0.370 1.40 0.015 1.28 0.238 0.90 0.542
(1.11–1.85) (0.92–1.27) (1.06–1.83) (0.85–1.91) (0.64–1.26)
PTSD 0.79 0.052 0.93 0.333 0.86 0.233 1.36 0.103 1.04 0.781
(0.63–1.00) (0.81–1.07) (0.67–1.10) (0.94–1.96) (0.77–1.40)
Bulimia/Binge Eating Disorder 0.92 0.700 0.80 0.147 1.07 0.790 1.13 0.700 1.17 0.569
(0.59–1.39) (0.59–1.08) (0.65–1.67) (0.58–2.03) (0.67–1.94)
OCD 0.9 0.373 0.98 0.742 0.99 0.947 1.03 0.877 1.07 0.649
(0.71–1.14) (0.86–1.12) (0.78–1.27) (0.68–1.60) (0.79–1.47)
Panic Disorder 0.94 0.621 0.86 0.059 0.81 0.128 1.03 0.870 1.31 0.094
(0.73–1.21) (0.73–1.01) (0.61–1.06) (0.69–1.53) (0.95–1.80)
Psychosis 1.00 0.970 0.73  < 0.001 0.80 0.075 1.07 0.737 0.73 0.040
(0.79–1.26) (0.64–0.84) (0.63–1.02) (0.73–1.58) (0.54–0.98)
Agoraphobia 0.76 0.024 0.77  < 0.001 0.58  < 0.001 0.83 0.323 0.68 0.011
(0.61–0.96) (0.67–0.89) (0.45–0.74) (0.57–1.20) (0.50–0.91)
Social Phobia 0.86 0.196 1.24 0.001 1.05 0.694 1.57 0.029 1.27 0.122
(0.68–1.08) (1.09–1.42) (0.83–1.33) (1.05–2.36) (0.94–1.71)
Alcohol Abuse/Dependence 3.14  < 0.001 3.05  < 0.001 2.80  < 0.001 1.34 0.166 1.93  < 0.001
(2.45–4.03) (2.63–3.54) (2.16–3.64) (0.88–2.03) (1.39–2.66)
Drug Abuse/Dependence 3.52  < 0.001 1.61  < 0.001 3.84  < 0.001 1.30 0.234 2.25  < 0.001
(2.76–4.50) (1.37–1.88) (2.96–4.97) (0.84–2.00) (1.63–3.12)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder 1.33 0.033 1.67  < 0.001 1.24 0.147 1.36 0.123 1.37 0.063
(1.02–1.73) (1.41–1.96) (0.92–1.64) (0.91–2.01) (0.98–1.89)
Somatization Disorder 0.91 0.404 0.89 0.113 0.96 0.732 1.54 0.019 1.00 0.992
(0.72–1.14) (0.77–1.03) (0.75–1.22) (1.07–2.20) (0.74–1.33)
Hypochondriasis 0.85 0.183 0.85 0.034 0.83 0.143 0.79 0.222 1.15 0.375
(0.67–1.08) (0.74–0.99) (0.65–1.06) (0.54–1.15) (0.85–1.55)
Suicidality 1.02 0.873 1.06 0.468 0.94 0.651 1.37 0.104 1.04 0.822
(0.81–1.28) (0.91–1.22) (0.73–1.21) (0.94–1.98) (0.76–1.40)
  1. A.O.R Adjusted Odds Ratio, C.I Confidence Interval
  2. aResults from a multivariatelogisticregression model