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Table 2 Self-reported ER (DERS) effects for time and group by time for both ITT and per protocol analyses

From: Emotion dysregulation and heart rate variability improve in US veterans undergoing treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder: Secondary exploratory analyses from a randomised controlled trial

DERS domain Time Group x Time
ITT (base n = 85; EOT n = 64) Per Protocol (N = 59) ITT (base n = 85; EOT n = 64) Per Protocol (N = 59)
β t d β t d β t CPT d SKY d β t CPT d SKY d
Total −1.32 −5.44*** .66 −1.18 −4.71*** .60 −.34 −.71 .55 .79 −.59 −1.17 .45 .76
Non-Acceptance −.20 −2.77** .34 −.18 −2.45* .32 −.10 −.73 .20 .58 −.17 −1.10 .14 .61
Goals −.15 −2.52* .32 −.12 −1.89^ .24 −.10 −.82 .22 .41 −.14 −1.11 .10 .37
Impulse −.25 −4.64*** .54 −.21 −4.12*** .53 .06 .52 .59 .48 −.01 −.05 .55 .51
Awareness −.21 −3.25** .39 −.21 −3.07** .40 −.05 −.42 .35 .43 −.02 −.132 .40 .39
Strategies −.27 −3.40** .42 −.22 −2.78** .36 −.09 −.59 .33 .53 −.18 −1.18 .21 .51
Clarity −.24 −4.82*** .60 −.24 −4.41*** .57 −.05 −.47 .55 .63 −.08 −.72 .50 .63
  1. ER Emotion regulation, DERS The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, ITT Intent-to-treat, base baseline, EOT End-of-treatment, Non-Acceptance Non-acceptance of emotional responses, Goals difficulties engaging in goal-directed behaviour during negative emotional experiences, Impulse impulse control difficulties in response to negative emotions, Awareness lack of emotional awareness, Strategies limited access to effective strategies, Clarity lack of emotional clarity, CPT Cognitive processing therapy, SKY Sudarshan kriya yoga. *** p < .001, ** p < .01, * p < .05, ^ p = .05–.10