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Table 3 Associations of class membership with alcohol and cannabis use (Adjusted odds ratios)

From: Self-reported mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic and its association with alcohol and cannabis use: a latent class analysis

  Cannabis use Heavy episodic drinking Increase in cannabis use Increase in alcohol use
Main model
High-symptom class 2.28*** (1.92–2.70) 1.71*** (1.49–1.96) 3.50*** (2.80–4.37) 2.37*** (2.06–2.74)
Testing associations by sex
High-symptom class 2.54*** (2.02–3.20) 1.76*** (1.45–2.14) 4.04*** (3.02–5.41) 2.83*** (2.30–3.48)
Women 0.71*** (0.58–0.87) 0.71*** (0.62–0.82) 0.73** (0.54–0.99) 1.06 (0.90–1.23)
High-symptom class*women 0.79 (0.57–1.10) 0.94 (0.72–1.23) 0.71 (0.46–1.10) 0.72** (0.54–0.95)
  1. Odds ratios adjusted for sex, age, marital status, education, ethnicity, living area, household income, the presence of children, and other people in the household (see the Additional file 2 for the full estimation table). High-symptom class*women represents the interaction term variable between high-symptom class and women indicator variables
  2.  Legend: 95% confidence level in parentheses. Significance level *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05