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Table 1 Sample Characteristics (N = 245)

From: Acting with awareness moderates the association between lifetime exposure to interpersonal traumatic events and craving via trauma symptoms: a moderated indirect effects model

Variables Exposure to Traumatic Events
Total No Exposure Childhood Only Adulthood Only Childhood and Adulthood
(N = 245) (n = 30) (n = 51) (n = 41) (n = 123)
Age, M (SD) 32.2 (8.9) 30.8 (8.3) 29.6 (6.0) 34.2 (9.8) 33.0 (8.9)
Race, n (%)a
 Hispanic 141 (58.5) 18 (60.0) 34 (68.0) 22 (55.0) 67 (55.4)
 Non-Hispanic White 50 (20.7) 4 (13.3) 10 (20.0) 7 (17.5) 29 (24.0)
 Non-Hispanic Black 50 (20.7) 8 (26.7) 6 (12.0) 11 (27.5) 25 (20.7)
Education, n (%)
  < High school 117 (47.8) 16 (53.3) 27 (52.9) 20 (48.8) 54 (43.9)
  Completed high school 67 (27.3) 7 (23.3) 11 (21.6) 8 (19.5) 41 (33.3)
  Some education after high school 61 (24.9) 7 (23.3) 13 (25.5) 13 (31.7) 28 (22.8)
Housing status in 8 months prior to treatment, n (%)
 Homeless 56 (22.9) 7 (23.3) 10 (19.6) 10 (24.4) 29 (23.6)
 Unstable accommodations 22 (9.0) 1 (3.3) 2 (3.9) 6 (14.6) 13 (10.6)
 Institution 43 (17.6) 8 (26.7) 10 (19.6) 9 (22.0) 16 (13.0)
 Own place 44 (18.0) 3 (10.0) 9 (17.6) 5 (12.2) 27 (22.0)
 Someone else’s place 80 (32.7) 11 (36.7) 20 (39.2) 11 (26.8) 38 (30.9)
Child custody, n (%)
 No minor children in custody 117 (47.8) 17 (56.7) 32 (62.7) 15 (36.6) 53 (43.1)
 Minor children in custody 84 (34.3) 9 (30.0) 15 (29.4) 16 (39.0) 44 (35.8)
 No children under 18 19 (7.8) 2 (6.7) 1 (2.0) 4 (9.8) 12 (9.8)
 No children 25 (10.2) 2 (6.7) 3 (5.9) 6 (14.6) 14 (11.4)
Marital status, n (%)
 Never married 182 (74.3) 24 (80.0) 42 (82.4) 29 (70.7) 87 (70.7)
 Separated, divorced, or widowed 46 (18.8) 4 (13.3) 5 (9.8) 10 (24.4) 27 (22.0)
 Married 17 (6.9) 2 (6.7) 4 (7.8) 2 (4.9) 9 (7.3)
 Alcohol addiction severity, M (SD) .14 (.21) .08 (.18) .15 (.24) .11 (.18) .15 (.21)
 Drug addiction severity, M (SD) .15 (.14) .10 (.12) .17 (.15) .12 (.10) .17 (.14)
Top substance used in 8 months prior to treatment entry, n (%)b
 Methamphetamines 190 (77.6) 25 (83.3) 42 (82.4) 27 (65.9) 96 (78.0)
 Marijuana 137 (55.9) 18 (46.2) 26 (60.5) 15 (46.9) 78 (59.5)
 Alcohol to intoxication 124 (50.6) 10 (33.3) 30 (58.8) 18 (43.9) 66 (53.7)
 Cocaine or crack Polydrug (> 1 drug used per day) 33 (13.5) 131 (53.5) 4 (13.3) 12 (42.9) 2 (3.9) 26 (52.0) 7 (17.1) 20 (46.5) 20 (16.3) 73 (58.9)
Substance use disorder, n (%)c
 Drug use disorder only 182 (76.2) 21 (72.4) 39 (79.6) 25 (64.1) 97 (79.5)
 Alcohol use disorder only 24 (10.0) 2 (6.9) 6 (12.2) 3 (7.7) 13 (10.7)
 Both 33 (13.8) 6 (20.7) 4 (8.2) 11 (28.2) 12 (9.8)
 Mental health diagnosis other than SUD, n (%)c 138 (57.7) 15 (51.7) 32 (65.3) 20 (51.3) 71 (58.2)
 Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis, n (%) 65 (26.5) 6 (21.4) 15 (30.0) 14 (32.6) 30 (24.2)
 Depressive disorder diagnosis, n (%) 40 (16.3) 4 (14.3) 4 (8.0) 6 (14.0) 26 (21.0)
 Other mental health diagnosis, n (%) 66 (26.9) 11 (39.3) 11 (22.0) 11 (25.6) 33 (26.6)
  1. Percentages are valid percentages
  2. aData not included for “other” category (n = 4)
  3. bPercentages add up to more than 100% due to use of multiple substances
  4. cMissing data (n = 6)