Skip to main content

Table 1 Univariate analysis of the participants’ demographic and mental health characteristics (N = 2,182)

From: Smartphone addiction and its associated factors among freshmen medical students in China: a cross-sectional study

Variables Smartphone addiction (%) χ2 P
No YES Total
1316(60.3) 866 (39.7) 2182 (100.0)
Gender     1.011 0.315
Male 620 (61.4) 389 (38.6) 1009 (46.2)   
Female 696 (59.3) 477 (40.7) 1173 (53.8)   
Place of residence     6.096 0.047
Rural area 728 (58.4) 519 (41.6) 1247 (57.1)   
Town 369 (61.4) 232 (38.6) 601 (27.5)   
City 219 (65.6) 115 (34.4) 334 (15.3)   
Perceived study pressure     49.437  < 0.0001
Low 154 (71.6) 61 (28.4) 215 (9.9)   
Medium 736 (64.8) 400 (35.2) 1136 (52.0)   
High 426 (51.3) 51.3 (48.7) 831 (38.1)   
Satisfaction with profession     26.251  < 0.0001
Low satisfied 55 (53.9) 47 (46.1) 102 (4.7)   
Medium satisfied 610 (55.6) 487 (44.4) 1097 (50.3)   
Highly satisfied 651 (66.2) 332 (33.8) 983 (45.1)   
Smartphone use before sleep     49.115  < 0.0001
No 176 (82.6) 37 (17.4) 213 (9.8)   
Yes 1140 (57.9) 829 (42.1) 1969 (90.2)   
Student leader     7.047 0.008
No 903 (58.5) 640 (41.5) 1543 (70.7)   
Yes 413 (64.6) 226 (35.4) 639 (29.3)   
Have fallen in love     0.245 0.621
No 997 (60.6) 648 (39.4) 1645 (75.4)   
Yes 319 (59.4) 218 (40.6) 537 (24.6)   
Psychological problems     43.89  < 0.0001
No 934 (56.4) 722 (43.6) 526 (24.1)   
Yes 382 (72.6) 144 (27.4) 1656 (75.9)