Skip to main content

Table 2 Baseline characteristics and engagement of service users, by intensity of service use

From: Preventing male suicide through a psychosocial intervention that provides psychological support and tackles financial difficulties: a mixed method evaluation

Variable Low intensity (n = 16) Moderate/high intensity (n = 64) All (n = 80)
n/mean (SD) %/range n/mean (SD) %/range n/mean (SD) %/range
Agea 46.3 (10.8) 30.9–58.3 47.6 (7.9) 31.0–64.0 47.3 (8.5) 30.9–64.0
Ethnicitya
 White 13 81.3 53 82.8 66 82.5
 BAME 3 18.8 10 15.6 13 16.3
Not in employmenta 13 81.3 51 79.7 64 80.0
Depression severity 21.0 (4.6) 9.0–27.0 20.0 (5.7) 5.0–27.0 20.2 (5.5) 5.0–27.0
Depression category:
 mild (5–9) 1 6.3 3 4.7 4 5.0
 moderate (10–14) 0 0.0 11 17.2 11 13.8
 moderately severe (15–19) 4 25.0 10 15.6 14 17.5
 severe (20–27) 11 68.8 40 62.5 51 63.8
Financial self-efficacya 11.0 (4.9) 6.0–20.0 11.1 (4.6) 6.0–24.0 11.1 (4.6) 6.0–24.0
Reported suicidal ideation 16 100.0 61 95.3 77 96.3
Had attempted suicide 3 18.8 34 53.1 37 46.3
No. benefits claimed:
 0 7 43.8 17 26.6 24 30.0
 1–2 5 31.3 31 48.4 36 45.0
 3–4 4 25.0 15 23.4 19 23.8
 5+ 0 0.0 1 1.6 1 1.3
Financial hardshipsb
 0 11 68.8 25 39.1 36 45.0
 1–2 2 12.5 24 37.5 26 32.5
 3–4 3 18.8 10 15.6 13 16.3
 5+ 0 0.0 5 7.8 5 6.3
Living alone 13 81.3 51 79.7 64 80.0
Accommodationa
 Owned 1 6.3 6 9.4 7 8.8
 Mortgage/loan 1 6.3 8 12.5 9 11.3
 Rented 11 68.8 43 67.2 54 67.5
 Other 3 18.8 5 7.8 8 10.0
Had contact with community mental health services 4 25.0 27 42.2 31 38.8
Had contact with financial advice services 4 25.0 17 26.6 21 26.3
Had period of follow-up after lockdowna 5 31.3 14 21.9 19 23.8
Number of contacts with Hope service
 Face-to-Face 1.7 (1.1) 0–3 6.1 (2.2) 1–12 5.3 (2.7) 0–12
 Phone calls 6.3 (6.4) 0–24 12.8 (11.0) 0–36 11.5 (10.5) 0–36
 Text messages 0.9 (1.7) 0–6 3.9 (4.1) 0–15 3.3 (3.9) 0–15
  1. aAge missing: 1 service user, ethnicity not known: 1, employment not known: 1, FSES score missing: 6, accommodation not known: 2, lockdown missing: 2
  2. bno. of payments behind on