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Table 4 Prevalence of depressive symptoms among older adults by various different social exclusion indicators

From: Social exclusion and mental health among older adults: cross-sectional evidence from a population-based survey in India

Social exclusion domain N % P-value
Exclusion from Civic activity & social relation
Non-voter behaviour    0.000
  Non-voter 1087 41.7  
  Voter 29,279 29.8  
Attended political/ community/ organization group meetings    0.088
  No 26,176 30.4  
  Yes 4190 29.3  
Attended cultural performances/ shows/ cinema    0.699
  No 22,724 30.3  
  Yes 7642 30.1  
Attended religious functions/ events such as bhajan/ satsang/ prayer    0.000
  No 14,291 30.6  
  Yes 16,075 29.9  
Living alone    0.000
  No 28,628 21.5  
  Yes 1738 79.8  
Exclusion from service
Received poorer services than other people at store/ restaurants    0.000
  No 28,305 28.2  
  Yes 2061 55.9  
Received poorer services than other people from doctor    0.000
  No 28,491 28.3  
  Yes 1875 58.4  
  1. Note: LASI provided sampling weights were applied