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Table 5 Averaged marginal effects on the probability of depressive symptoms among older adults aged 60 years and above in India, LASI wave 1, 2017-18 (N = 30,366)

From: Social exclusion and mental health among older adults: cross-sectional evidence from a population-based survey in India

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
AME in pp (CI at 95%) AME in pp (CI at 95%) AME in pp (CI at 95%) AME in pp (CI at 95%) AME in pp (CI at 95%)
Social exclusion
Civic activity & social relation exclusion score
 0 (ref.)      
  1   −0.021 (−0.035 -0.006) −0.031 (−0.046 -0.017)   
  2   0.022***(0.008 0.036) − 0.001 (− 0.016 0.013)   
  3   0.123***(0.094 0.153) 0.068***(0.039 0.097)   
  4   0.333***(0.166 0.5) 0.263***(0.091 0.435)   
Service exclusion score
  0 (ref.)      
  1   0.236***(0.21 0.262)   0.226***(0.2 0.252)  
  2   0.351***(0.322 0.381)   0.346***(0.316 0.376)  
Overall social exclusion score
  0 (ref.)      
  1   −0.007 (−0.021 0.007)    − 0.015* (− 0.03 -0.001)
  2   0.06***(0.045 0.074)    0.041***(0.026 0.055)
  3   0.212***(0.187 0.236)    0.175***(0.151 0.2)
  4   0.326***(0.277 0.374)    0.291***(0.243 0.34)
  5   0.282***(0.14 0.424)    0.228***(0.087 0.369)
  6   0.428 (−0.105 0.962)    0.362 (−0.202 0.927)
Age group
  60-69 (ref.)      
  70-79 0.024***(0.012 0.036)   0.023***(0.012 0.035) 0.025***(0.013 0.036) 0.022***(0.01 0.033)
  80+ 0.058***(0.04 0.076)   0.055***(0.037 0.073) 0.06***(0.042 0.077) 0.049***(0.032 0.067)
Place of residence
  Rural (ref.)      
  Urban −0.015**(−0.026 -0.003)   − 0.016***(− 0.027 -0.005) −0.015***(− 0.026 -0.004) −0.016***(− 0.027 -0.005)
Gender
  Men (ref.)      
  Women 0.012**(0.001 0.024)   0.012**(0.001 0.024) 0.016***(0.005 0.028) 0.012**(0 0.023)
Marital status
  Married (ref.)      
  Non-married 0.055***(0.043 0.067)   0.047***(0.035 0.059) 0.052***(0.04 0.064) 0.037***(0.025 0.049)
Educational status
  No formal education (ref.)      
  Formal education −0.045***(−0.056 -0.033)   −0.043***(− 0.054 -0.031) −0.035***(− 0.046 -0.024) −0.035***(− 0.046 -0.023)
Wealth index
  Poor (ref.)      
  Middle −0.034***(− 0.047 -0.02)   −0.034***(− 0.047 -0.02) −0.033***(− 0.047 -0.02) −0.033***(− 0.046 -0.019)
  Rich −0.024***(− 0.035 -0.012)   −0.025***(− 0.037 -0.014) −0.025***(− 0.036 -0.014) −0.026***(− 0.037 -0.014)
  1. Note: AME denotes Averaged marginal effects; pp. denotes percentage points. Estimated averaged marginal effects on probability of the depressive symptoms from logistic regressions