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Table 1 Sociodemographic, pandemic-associated, and health-related sample characteristics

From: Individual changes in stress, depression, anxiety, pathological worry, posttraumatic stress, and health anxiety from before to during the COVID-19 pandemic in adults from Southeastern Germany

Characteristics Total sample (n=396)
Sociodemographic variables
Sex, n (%)
 Female 278 (70.2)
 Male 116 (29.3)
 Diverse 2 (0.5)
Age categories, n (%), years
 18–30 138 (34.8)
 31–40 101 (25.5)
 41–50 54 (13.6)
 51–65 79 (19.9)
 66–80+ 24 (6.1)
Relationship status, n (%)
 In a relationship 291 (73.5)
 Not in a relationship 105 (26.5)
Household size, n (%)
 Living together with at least one other person 326 (82.3)
 Living alone 70 (17.7)
Highest professional qualification, n (%)a
 No professional qualification 51 (12.9)
 Completed vocational training 81 (20.5)
 Master / technician / comparable 28 (7.1)
 University of applied sciences degree 65 (16.5)
 University degree 170 (43.0)
Current employment status, n (%)
 Student 71 (17.9)
 Employed 250 (63.1)
 Retired or privateer 31 (7.8)
 Not employedb 30 (7.6)
 Other 14 (3.5)
COVID-19 pandemic associated variables
Change in employment status due to lockdown, n (%)
 No change 235 (59.3)
 Furlough 21 (5.3)
 Reduction of occupational activity 83 (21.0)
 Discontinuation of occupational activity 27 (6.8)
 Elevation of occupational activity 30 (7.6)
Work setting during lockdown, n (%)c
 Home-office (without childcare) 137 (34.6)
 Home-office (additional childcare) 25 (6.3)
 At-place (low contact) 50 (12.6)
 At-place (high contact) 35 (8.8)
 At-place, medical area (no COVID-19 patients) 35 (8.8)
 At-place, medical area (COVID-19 patients) 20 (5.1)
 (Currently) not workingd 94 (23.7)
Full day childcare responsibility during lockdown, n (%)
 Yes 65 (16.4)
 No 331 (83.6)
Live-contact with close person within last week, n (%)
 Yes 249 (62.9)
 No 147 (27.1)
Fear of losing one’s livelihood – score (1-5), M (SD) 2.09 (1.09)
Fear and worries COVID-19 self – score (1-7)e, M (SD) 3.06 (1.29)
Fear and worries COVID-19 relatives – score (1-7)f, M (SD) 4.59 (1.54)
Health variables
Current mental health treatmentg, n (%)h
 Yes 55 (14.0)
 No 338 (85.4)
Chronic physical diseasesi, n (%)
 Yes 118 (29.8)
 No 278 (70.2)
  1. COVID-19 coronavirus disease 2019
  2. a One missing value, n=395
  3. b Includes being housewife/husband, on permanent sick leave/unable to work, permanently jobless, or welfare recipient
  4. c Percentages do not add to 100% due to rounding
  5. d Includes not having an occupation or not being a student, as well as sick-leave and lockdown-associated furlough
  6. e An average score over four rating items including body checking on COVID-19 associated symptoms, disconcertment in case of sensing COVID-19 associated symptoms, fear of own illness with COVID-19, and fear of own death from COVID-19 (item values 1–7) was calculated
  7. f An average score over three rating items including fear of illness of a relative with COVID-19, fear of a relative’s death from COVID-19, and fear of not being able to care for relatives being ill with COVID-19 (item values 1–7) was calculated
  8. g Includes current psychiatric, psychotherapeutic, or psychopharmacological treatment
  9. h Three missing values, n=393
  10. i Includes cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, diabetes, liver or kidney diseases, carcinosis, or diseases of immunity