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Table 3 Depression and anxiety symptoms levels, and QOL in PWE with and without insomnia

From: Effects of insomnia and levels of depression and anxiety symptoms on quality of life in people with epilepsy

Variables Insomnia group (n = 23) Non-insomnia group (n = 156) P-value
Depressive symptoms levels 12.00 ± 4.32 7.68 ± 2.47  < 0.001a
Anxiety symptoms levels 8.87 ± 4.99 3.21 ± 3.43  < 0.001a
QOL 41.83 ± 7.48 54.86 ± 8.95  < 0.001a
  1. Depression symptom levels = NDDI-E score; Anxiety symptom levels = GAD-7 score; QOL = QOLIE-31 score
  2. PWE People with epilepsy, QOL Quality of life
  3. a Mann—Whitney U test