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Table 6 Factors associated with anxiety among prisoners in the correctional institutions of Arba Minch and Jinka town, Southern Ethiopia, 2021

From: Anxiety and its associated factors among inmates in ARBA Minch and JINKA town, southern Ethiopia

Variable Categories Anxiety OR(95% confidence interval) P-Value
Yes No COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Age 18–27 60 (34.5%) 241 (54.3%) 1 1  
28–37 41 (23.6%) 118 (26.6%) 1.396 (0.886–2.198) 1.527 (0.854–2.730) 0.153
38–47 39 (22.4%) 42 (9.5%) 3.730 (2.218–6.271) 3.955 (1.939–8.066) 0.001*
≥48 34 (19.5%) 43 (9.7%) 3.176 (1.867–5.403) 4.215 (1.990–8.929) 0.001*
Sex Male 124 (71.3%) 376 (84.7%) 1 1  
Female 50 (28.7%) 68 (15.3%) 2.230 (1.468–3.386) 1.686 (0.955–2.976) 0.072
Marital status Married 103 (59.2%) 272 (61.3%) 1 1  
Single 46 (26.4%) 153 (34.5%) 0.794 (0.532–1.185) 1.531 (0.714–3.280) 0.273
Divorce or widowed 25 (14.4%) 19 (4.3%) 3.475(1.836–6.578) 2.112 (0.980–4.548) 0.056
Occupation Employed 128 (73.6%) 367 (82.7%) 1 1  
House wife 12 (6.9%) 9 (2.0%) 3.823 (1.574–9.285) 2.606 (0.942–7.209) 0.065
Student 10 (5.7%) 41 (9.2%) 0.699 (0.340–1.437) 0.982 (0.409–2.357) 0.967
Un-employed 24 (13.8%) 27 (6.1%) 2.549 (1.419–4.577) 2.006 (0.993–4.052) 0.052
Residence Urban 98 (56.3%) 189 (42.6%) 1.740 (1.221–2.478) 2.479 (1.556–3.948) 0.001*
Rural 76 (43.7%) 255 (57.4%) 1 1  
Have children Yes 126 (72.4%) 273 (61.5%) 0.608 (0.414–0.892) 1.136 (0.546–2.362) 0.733
No 48 (27.6%) 171 (38.5%) 1 1  
Physical exercise Yes 32 (18.4%) 203 (45.7%) 1 1  
No 142 (81.6%) 241 (54.3%) 3.738 (2.440–5.726) 2.710 (1.535–4.786) 0.001*
Chronic disease Yes 99 (56.9%) 180 (40.5%) 1.936 (1.358–2.761) 1.629 (1.074–2.471) 0.022*
No 75 (43.1%) 264 (59.5%) 1 1  
Stressful life event None 98 (56.3%) 225 (50.7%) 1 1  
1–2 34 (19.5%) 147 (33.1%) 0.531(0.341–0.826) 1.112 (0.642–1.927) 0.704
3 and above 42 (24.1%) 72(16.2%) 1.339 (0.855–2.097) 2.918 (1.591–5.353) 0.001*
Social support Poor 148 (85.1%) 320 (72.1%) 2.415 (1.153–5.059) 1.137 (0.479–2.696) 0.771
Moderate 17 (9.8%) 77 (17.3%) 1.153 (0.476–2.795) 0.944(0.350–2.547) 0.909
Strong 9 (5.2%) 47(10.6%) 1 1  
Duration of punishment (in year) < 1 year 1 (0.6%) 12 (2.7%) 1 1  
1–5 year 28 (16.1%) 134 (30.2%) 2.507 (0.313–20.076) 5.726 (0.552–59.372) 0.144
> 5 year 145 (83.3%) 298 (67.1%) 5.839 (0.752–45.339) 2.918 (1.591–5.353) 0.022*
Duration of imprisonment (in year) < 1 year 37 (21.3%) 132 (29.7%) 1 1  
1–5 year 65 (37.4%) 183 (41.2%) 1.267(0.799–2.010) 0.760 (0.383–1.509) 0.433
> 5 year 72 (41.4%) 129 (29.1%) 1.991(1.251–3.169) 0.773 (0.361–1.655) 0.508
Income generating work in prison Yes 28 (16.1%) 157 (35.4%) 1 1  
No 146 (83.9%) 287 (64.6%) 2.852 (1.821–4.468) 2.539 (1.483–4.347) 0.001*