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Causes, treatment and prevention of suicide

Section edited by Ute Lewitzka

This section will cover all aspects of a wide range of suicidality, considering studies of suicidal behaviour, its causes and effects but also its prevention and intervention approaches. Research which investigates psychological and sociological as well as neurobiological, genetic and pharmacological aspects of suicidal behaviour are also of great interest. The section also incorporates topics such as assessment and risk-management approaches, ethical issues in intervention research, cross-cultural risk factors for suicide as well as the needs of those bereaved by suicide.

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  1. Attitudes toward suicidal behaviour can be essential regarding whether patients seek or are offered help. Patients with suicidal behaviour are increasingly treated by mental health outpatient clinics. Our aim ...

    Authors: Astrid Berge Norheim, Tine K. Grimholt, Ekaterina Loskutova and Oivind Ekeberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:268

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The risk factors of suicidal ideation and attempts have been discussed in many researches. Few studies have examined reasons for living and hope as protective factors against suicide in a clinical population. ...

    Authors: Xingwei Luo, Qin Wang, Xiang Wang and Taisheng Cai

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:252

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Suicide is a leading cause of death in adolescence. Effective strategies are required to prevent suicide. We aimed to assess the prevalence of suicidal ideation in early teens and the relationship between fami...

    Authors: Kentaro Kawabe, Fumie Horiuchi, Marina Ochi, Yasunori Oka and Shu-ichi Ueno

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:231

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Suicide is a critical public health problem around the globe. Asian populations are characterized by elevated suicide rates and a tendency to seek social support from family and friends over mental health prof...

    Authors: Alan R. Teo, Sarah B. Andrea, Rae Sakakibara, Satoko Motohara, Monica M. Matthieu and Michael D. Fetters

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:211

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Suicide intervention programs have been guided by findings that attitude towards suicide and suicidal behavior may be causally linked. These findings also make it imperative to identify the factors that influe...

    Authors: Yaming Zou, Ricky Leung, Shao Lin, Mingan Yang, Tao Lu, Xianyun Li, Jing Gu, Chun Hao, Guanghui Dong and Yuantao Hao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:162

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Suicide is a leading cause of death among young people. While suicide prevention is considered a research and intervention priority, longitudinal data is needed to identify risk and protective factors associat...

    Authors: Maria Jesús Blasco, Pere Castellví, José Almenara, Carolina Lagares, Miquel Roca, Albert Sesé, José Antonio Piqueras, Victoria Soto-Sanz, Jesús Rodríguez-Marín, Enrique Echeburúa, Andrea Gabilondo, Ana Isabel Cebrià, Andrea Miranda-Mendizábal, Gemma Vilagut, Ronny Bruffaerts, Randy P. Auerbach…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:122

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Contact with primary care and psychiatric services prior to suicide may be considerable, presenting opportunities for intervention. However, there is scant knowledge on the frequency, nature and determinants o...

    Authors: Gerard Leavey, Michael Rosato, Karen Galway, Lynette Hughes, Sharon Mallon and Janeet Rondon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:120

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Sadness and anhedonia (loss of interest in activities) are central symptoms of major depression. However, not all people with these symptoms meet diagnostic criteria for major depression. We aimed to assess th...

    Authors: Berta Moreno-Küstner, Rebeca Jones, Igor Švab, Heidi Maaroos, Miguel Xavier, Mirjam Geerlings, Francisco Torres-González, Irwin Nazareth, Emma Motrico-Martínez, Carmen Montón-Franco, María José Gil-de-Gómez, Marta Sánchez-Celaya, Miguel Ángel Díaz-Barreiros, Catalina Vicens-Caldentey and Michael King

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:94

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Injury related to self-harm is one of the leading causes of global disease burden. As a formative work for a programme to implement comprehensive mental healthcare in a rural district in Ethiopia, we determine...

    Authors: Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Medhin Selamu, Tsion Shiferaw, Maji Hailemariam, Sujit D Rathod, Mark Jordans, Solomon Teferra, Crick Lund, Erica Breuer, Martin Prince, Tedla W. Giorgis, Atalay Alem and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:75

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Most of the research conducted on people who harm themselves has been undertaken in secondary healthcare settings. Little is known about the frequency of self-harm in primary care patient populations. This is ...

    Authors: Matthew J. Carr, Darren M. Ashcroft, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Yvonne Awenat, Jayne Cooper, Carolyn Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur and Roger T. Webb

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:53

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric syndrome with motor and behavioural symptoms. Though usually occuring in patients with schizophrenia and mood disorders, this syndrome may also be associated with neurological d...

    Authors: Laurence Lalanne, Marie-Emmanuelle Meriot, Elisabeth Ruppert, Marie-Agathe Zimmermann, Jean-Marie Danion and Pierre Vidailhet

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:13

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Suicidal behavior is a major cause of injury and death worldwide, especially among adolescents and young adults. Few studies have tackled this issue in the Arab world. The present study investigated the preval...

    Authors: Btissame Zarrouq, B. Bendaou, S. Elkinany, I. Rammouz, R. Aalouane, B. Lyoussi, S. Khelafa, A. Bout, N. Berhili, H. Hlal, C. Nejjari and K. El Rhazi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:284

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Suicide attempts (SA) after psychiatric hospitalization continue to be a major cause of morbidity. Implicit measures may enhance our ability to assess suicide risk. In this context, we describe the first use o...

    Authors: Igor Galynker, Zimri S Yaseen, Jessica Briggs and Fumitaka Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:87

    Content type: Research article

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  14. While cross-sectional correlates of deliberate self-harm, such as psychological distress, have been identified; it is still difficult to predict which individuals experiencing distress will engage in deliberat...

    Authors: Shraddha Kashyap, Geoffrey R Hooke and Andrew C Page

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:81

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Suicidal behaviours are major public health concerns worldwide. They are associated with risk factors that vary with age and gender, occur in combination, and may change over time. The aim of our study was to ...

    Authors: Patrizia Zeppegno, Carla Gramaglia, Luigi Mario Castello, Fabrizio Bert, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Francesca Ressico, Isabella Coppola, Gian Carlo Avanzi, Roberta Siliquini and Eugenio Torre

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:13

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Globally, suicide is an important cause of mortality. In low- and middle income settings, it is difficult to find unequivocal data to establish suicide rates. The objective of this review is to synthesize the ...

    Authors: Mark JD Jordans, Anne Kaufman, Natassia F Brenman, Ramesh P Adhikari, Nagendra P Luitel, Wietse A Tol and Ivan Komproe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:358

    Content type: Research article

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