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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. With 10 to 20% of Canadian children suffering with mental illness, the importance of early identification and accurate assessment systems is clear. Unfortunately, many do not receive the mental health treatmen...

    Authors: S. L. Stewart, S. E. Babcock, Y. Li and H. P. Dave

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:390

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cognitive performance has been studied in adults with obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and in adult relatives of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Meanwhile, few studies have been conducted ...

    Authors: Elisa Teixeira Bernardes, Leonardo Cardoso Saraiva, Marina de Marco e Souza, Marcelo Queiroz Hoexter, Priscila Chacon, Guaraci Requena, Euripedes Constantino Miguel, Roseli Gedanke Shavitt, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Carolina Cappi and Marcelo Camargo Batistuzzo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:380

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Increasing evidence suggests a complex role of family influences, such as the exposure to parent psychopathology through parenting behavior, in parent-to-child psychopathology transmission. Parenting behaviour...

    Authors: Monica Bellina, Silvia Grazioli, Marco Garzitto, Maddalena Mauri, Eleonora Rosi, Massimo Molteni, Paolo Brambilla and Maria Nobile

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:377

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Although the number of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased considerably in recent years, there are few qualitative investigations of the experiences of adults with adult-d...

    Authors: Yumi Aoki, Takashi Tsuboi, Takehiko Furuno, Koichiro Watanabe and Mami Kayama

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:373

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Nurturing care, in which children are raised in engaging and safe environments, may reduce child stress and shape hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning. Hence, parent-training programs may impact chi...

    Authors: Rafaela Costa Martins, Cauane Blumenberg, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Andrea Gonzalez and Joseph Murray

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:370

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Studies in immigrant youth have suggested differences in parenting patterns by immigration status. Knowledge of variation in recalled parenting pattern and its distinctive impact on mental health in adult immi...

    Authors: Eva M. Klein, Elmar Brähler, Katja Petrowski, Ana N. Tibubos, Mareike Ernst, Jörg Wiltink, Matthias Michal, Philipp S. Wild, Andreas Schulz, Thomas Münzel, Jochem König, Karl Lackner, Norbert Pfeiffer and Manfred E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:367

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Paediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic condition often associated with severe disruptions of family functioning, impairment of peer relationships and academic performance. Mean age of onse...

    Authors: Veronika Brezinka, Veronika Mailänder and Susanne Walitza

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:366

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Intensive longitudinal (IL) designs provide the potential to study symptoms as they evolve in real-time within individuals. This has promising clinical implications, potentially allowing conclusions at the lev...

    Authors: Marieke J. Schreuder, Robin N. Groen, Johanna T. W. Wigman, Catharina A. Hartman and Marieke Wichers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:351

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Synesthesia is a sensory phenomenon where certain domain-specific stimuli trigger additional sensations of e.g. color or texture. The condition occurs in about 4% of the general population, but is overrepresen...

    Authors: Andreas Riedel, Simon Maier, Kerstin Wenzler, Bernd Feige, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Sven Bölte and Janina Neufeld

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:342

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Increasing rates of mental health problems among adolescents are of concern. Teens who are most in need of mental health attention are reluctant to seek help. A better understanding of the help-seeking in this...

    Authors: Antonia Aguirre Velasco, Ignacio Silva Santa Cruz, Jo Billings, Magdalena Jimenez and Sarah Rowe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:293

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are two of the most frequently-observed neurodevelopmental disorders. Autistic traits are detected frequently in children who ...

    Authors: Esra Okyar and Işık Görker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:285

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Social skills interventions are commonly deployed for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Because effective and appropriate social skills are determined by cultural factors that differ throughout ...

    Authors: B. J. van Pelt, S. Idris, G. Jagersma, J. Duvekot, A. Maras, J. van der Ende, N. E. M. van Haren and K. Greaves-Lord

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:274

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. Deficits in working memory tasks have been widely documented in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of working memory load in impulsivity d...

    Authors: Rosa Angela Fabio, Marilla Bianco, Tindara Caprì, Flavia Marino, Liliana Ruta, David Vagni and Giovanni Pioggia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:272

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Child and adolescent mental health problems account for a significant proportion of the local and global burden of disease and is recognized as a growing public health concern in need of adequate services. Stu...

    Authors: Grace Nduku Wambua, Manasi Kumar, Fredrik Falkenström and Pim Cuijpers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:263

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Food may trigger Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Therefore, an elimination diet (ED) might be an effective treatment for children with ADHD. However, earlier studies were criticized f...

    Authors: Annick Bosch, Margreet Bierens, Ardine G. de Wit, Verena Ly, Jessica van der Velde, Heleen de Boer, Gerry van Beek, Danielle Appelman, Sacha Visser, Lisa Bos, Jolanda van der Meer, Niki Kamphuis, Jos M. T. Draaisma, Rogier Donders, Gigi H. H. van de Loo-Neus, Pieter J. Hoekstra…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:262

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Problematic internet use (PIU) is an increasingly worrisome issue, as youth population studies are establishing links with internalizing and externalizing problems. There is a need for a better understanding o...

    Authors: Anita Restrepo, Tohar Scheininger, Jon Clucas, Lindsay Alexander, Giovanni A. Salum, Kathy Georgiades, Diana Paksarian, Kathleen R. Merikangas and Michael P. Milham

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:252

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders are ranked first amongst medical diseases as a trigger of requests for mental health counselling. Child abuse has been regarded as one of the main causes of the development of f...

    Authors: Seyed Mojtaba Hashemi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Bahman Salehi, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Mohammad Rafiei, Sima Zahedi, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae and Fereshteh Maghsoudlou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Several quantitative studies support the effectiveness of the Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) psychosocial skills training group component for adolescents with impulse-control disorder and/or emotional dysr...

    Authors: Eva Sesma Pardo, Aránzazu Fernández Rivas, Pablo Orgaz Barnier, Marina Beá Mirabent, Iñaki Kerexeta Lizeaga, Aída Díaz Cosgaya, Ana Catalán Alcántara, Esther Vivanco González, Blaise Aguirre and Miguel Angel González Torres

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Adolescent boys and young men are at particular risk of suicide. Suicidal ideation is an important risk factor for suicide, but is poorly understood among adolescent males. Some masculine behaviors have been a...

    Authors: Tania L. King, Marissa Shields, Victor Sojo, Galina Daraganova, Dianne Currier, Adrienne O’Neil, Kylie King and Allison Milner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:228

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Selective mutism (SM) is nowadays considered a relatively rare anxiety disorder characterized by children failing to speak in certain situations. Research on risk factors for SM are limited in comparison to ot...

    Authors: Miina Koskela, Roshan Chudal, Terhi Luntamo, Auli Suominen, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:221

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Although Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) is a widely used intervention for ameliorating challenging behaviour (CB), evidence for its use in adults with intellectual disability (ID) and comorbid autism (ASD) i...

    Authors: Andre Strydom, Alessandro Bosco, Victoria Vickerstaff, Rachael Hunter and Angela Hassiotis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:161

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Fairness has received much attention in our society. At present, the findings regarding fair decision-making in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HF-ASD) are inconsistent. Previous studies have shown ...

    Authors: Peiying Jin, Yao Wang, Yun Li, Yunhua Xiao, Chunyan Li, Nana Qiu, Jiao Weng, Hui Fang and Xiaoyan Ke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Mental health issues presenting in childhood often persist into adulthood, usually requiring youth to transition from child and adolescent mental health services to adult mental health services at 18 years. Di...

    Authors: Kristin Cleverley, Lindsey Lenters and Emma McCann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The potential mechanisms underlying cyber victimization and the resulting psychological and physical symptoms remain unclear. Thus, the present study investigated whether Internet addiction mediates the associ...

    Authors: Ling Lin, Jianbo Liu, Xiaolan Cao, Siying Wen, Jianchang Xu, Zhenpeng Xue and Jianping Lu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Adherence to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication can prevent serious consequences, possibly with lifelong effects. Numerous factors have been observed that influence adherent behaviour, ...

    Authors: Maria Emilsson, Per Gustafsson, Gisela Öhnström and Ina Marteinsdottir

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Previous studies suggest that childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may continue in adulthood, producing adverse effects. Therefore, identifying factors that help to differentiate character...

    Authors: Belén Roselló, Carmen Berenguer, Inmaculada Baixauli, Álvaro Mira, Jose Martinez-Raga and Ana Miranda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  27. This paper is a systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of available medications for the treatment of restricted/repetitive behavior (RRBs) in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

    Authors: Yanjie Yu, Ashmita Chaulagain, Sindre Andre Pedersen, Stian Lydersen, Bennett L. Leventhal, Peter Szatmari, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki and Norbert Skokauskas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Child and adolescent mental health has scarcely been studied in developing countries, though it is an important aspect of health. Mental health problems in youth often continue into adulthood if not diagnosed ...

    Authors: Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Jerome Flores, Carolang Escobar, Alfonso Urzúa and Matías Irarrázaval

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Korean version of Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) on a sample of Korean youths and to examine the cross-cul...

    Authors: Jiyoon Shin, Kyoung Min Kim, Kyung Hwa Lee, Soon-Beom Hong, Jung Lee, Chi-Hyun Choi, Ji Youn Han, Seong Hae Kim, Da Eun Suh, Soo-Churl Cho and Jae-Won Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:89

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress experienced during childhood might have a negative impact on development. This study explores factors associated with such symptoms among Portuguese primary school-ag...

    Authors: Diogo Costa, Marina Cunha, Cláudia Ferreira, Augusta Gama, Aristides M. Machado-Rodrigues, Vítor Rosado-Marques, Helena Nogueira, Maria-Raquel G. Silva and Cristina Padez

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Current clinical guidelines recommend parent management training (PMT) in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). However, (a) a lack of supply...

    Authors: Manfred Döpfner, Laura Wähnke, Marie-Theres Klemp, Judith Mühlenmeister, Stephanie Schürmann, Martin Hellmich and Julia Plück

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:76

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Younger age at onset is generally thought to be a predictor of poor outcome in Early Onset Schizophrenia (EOS), but there is a paucity of epidemiological data supporting this belief. This study aims to describ...

    Authors: Lingzi Xu, Yanqing Guo, Qingjiu Cao, Xue Li, Ting Mei, Zenghui Ma, Xinzhou Tang, Zhaozheng Ji, Liu Yang and Jing Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Many children and adolescents suffer from problematic levels of anxiety, but the multitude of these children do not receive an intervention. It is of importance to increase the accessibility and availability o...

    Authors: Ellin Simon, Eva de Hullu, Susan Bögels, Peter Verboon, Petra Butler, Wendy van Groeninge, Wim Slot, Michelle Craske, Stephen Whiteside and Jacques van Lankveld

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:60

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Anxiety and depression are common in children and adolescents, which can be detected via self-report questionnaires in non-clinical settings like the school environment. Two short versions of the Revised Child...

    Authors: Leonie Klaufus, Eva Verlinden, Marcel van der Wal, Mia Kösters, Pim Cuijpers and Mai Chinapaw

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a clinically heterogeneous disorder. Currently, the Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Child Version (OCI-CV) is the only self-report measure that fully captures this symptom...

    Authors: Kristina Aspvall, Matti Cervin, Per Andrén, Sean Perrin, David Mataix-Cols and Erik Andersson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Little is known about the prevalence of inconsistent trauma reporting in community samples and about its associations with psychopathology. This study aimed to assess for the first time the prevalence of incon...

    Authors: Annette Burns, Helen Coughlan and Mary Cannon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Children with intellectual disabilities are likely to present with challenging behaviour. Parent mediated interventions have shown utility in influencing child behaviour, although there is a paucity of UK rese...

    Authors: Olayinka Farris, Rachel Royston, Michael Absoud, Gareth Ambler, Jacqueline Barnes, Rachael Hunter, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Kate Oulton, Eleni Paliokosta, Monica Panca, Laura Paulauskaite, Michaela Poppe, Federico Ricciardi, Aditya Sharma, Vicky Slonims, Una Summerson…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:35

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents in North America. Youth who present to the Emergency Department (ED) with acute suicidality are at increased risk for eventual death by suicide, thereby pr...

    Authors: Daphne J. Korczak, Yaron Finkelstein, Melanie Barwick, Gloria Chaim, Kristin Cleverley, Joanna Henderson, Suneeta Monga, Myla E. Moretti, Andrew Willan and Peter Szatmari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:20

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. The mental health treatment gap—the difference between those with mental health need and those who receive treatment—is high in low- and middle-income countries. Task-shifting has been used to address the shor...

    Authors: Shannon Dorsey, Christine L. Gray, Augustine I. Wasonga, Cyrilla Amanya, Bryan J. Weiner, C. Micha Belden, Prerna Martin, Rosemary D. Meza, Andrew K. Weinhold, Caroline Soi, Laura K. Murray, Leah Lucid, Elizabeth L. Turner, Robyn Mildon and Kathryn Whetten

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:10

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Low and middle-income countries like India with a large youth population experience a different environment from that of high-income countries. The Consortium on Vulnerability to Externalizing Disorders and Ad...

    Authors: Eesha Sharma, Nilakshi Vaidya, Udita Iyengar, Yuning Zhang, Bharath Holla, Meera Purushottam, Amit Chakrabarti, Gwen Sascha Fernandes, Jon Heron, Matthew Hickman, Sylvane Desrivieres, Kamakshi Kartik, Preeti Jacob, Madhavi Rangaswamy, Rose Dawn Bharath, Gareth Barker…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Few studies examine caregiver-child agreement on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in non-Western cultures. The present study investigated mother-child agreement for PTSD symptoms in a South Indian...

    Authors: Silvia Exenberger, David Riedl, Kumuthavalli Rangaramanujam, Vijai Amirtharaj and Florian Juen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:414

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Adolescents with acute psychiatric disorders are typically treated with long-term clinical admission. However, long term admission may be associated with a variety of negative outcomes. This pilot study presen...

    Authors: Jet B. Muskens, Pierre C. M. Herpers, Caroline Hilderink, Patricia A. M. van Deurzen, Jan K. Buitelaar and Wouter G. Staal

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:412

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Many national and regional clinical guidelines emphasise the need for good communication of information to young people and their parent/carers about what to expect during transition into adult services. Recen...

    Authors: Anna Price, Tamsin Newlove-Delgado, Helen Eke, Moli Paul, Susan Young, Tamsin Ford and Astrid Janssens

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:404

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have social interaction deficits and difficulties in emotional regulation. The neural substrates for these socio-affective deficits are not yet clear, but one po...

    Authors: Yun Li, Zhengbing Zhou, Chen Chang, Lu Qian, Chunyan Li, Ting Xiao, Xiang Xiao, Kangkang Chu, Hui Fang and Xiaoyan Ke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:399

    Content type: Research article

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  45. China has experienced rapid socioeconomic, and health transitions over the last four decades, and urban–rural disparities are becoming increasingly apparent. Research on depression among rural and urban studen...

    Authors: Guo Li, Junhua Mei, Jing You, Jinfeng Miao, Xiaoyan Song, Wenzhe Sun, Yan Lan, Xiuli Qiu and Zhou Zhu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:386

    Content type: Research article

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