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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Primary brain calcification (PBC), a neurodegenerative disorder with characteristic calcium deposits in the basal ganglia and other brain areas, typically presents with various neurological and psychiatric sym...

    Authors: Barbara Plemeniti Tololeski, Maruša Debeljak, Mirjana Perkovič Benedik, Tristan Rigler, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Primož Kotnik, Katarina Šurlan Popovič and Maja Drobnič Radobuljac

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:67

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 84,000 children under the age of 15 years are living with HIV in Malawi. Although the survival rate of children living with HIV in Malawi has improved due to the increased availability of antiret...

    Authors: Fatch W. Kalembo, Garth E. Kendall, Mohammed Ali and Angela F. Chimwaza

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:60

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used both in the general population and for the treatment of somatic and psychiatric disorders. Studies on CAM use among patients with autism spectrum dis...

    Authors: Juliana Höfer, Falk Hoffmann, Inge Kamp-Becker, Charlotte Küpper, Luise Poustka, Stefan Roepke, Veit Roessner, Sanna Stroth, Nicole Wolff and Christian J. Bachmann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:53

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of neurological disorders and their associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS...

    Authors: Richard Stephen Mpango, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Sylvia Kiwuwa Muyingo, Kenneth D. Gadow, Vikram Patel and Eugene Kinyanda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:34

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The recommendation of non-indicated caesarean section (CS) after 39 gestational weeks has been announced based on evidence of maternal and infant physiological effects. The potential psychological risks have n...

    Authors: Kun Huang, Shuangqin Yan, Xiaoyan Wu, Peng Zhu and Fangbiao Tao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:22

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In order to examine the impact of disasters on adolescent mental health, this study compared population mental health survey data from two communities in Alberta, Canada: Fort McMurray, which experienced a maj...

    Authors: Matthew R. G. Brown, Vincent Agyapong, Andrew J. Greenshaw, Ivor Cribben, Pamela Brett-MacLean, Julie Drolet, Caroline McDonald-Harker, Joy Omeje, Monica Mankowsi, Shannon Noble, Deborah Kitching and Peter H. Silverstone

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:18

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of parent-child training (PCT) regarding child symptoms may be reduced if the mother has attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The AIMAC study (ADHD in Mothers and Children) aimed to co...

    Authors: Christopher Hautmann, Manfred Döpfner, Josepha Katzmann, Stephanie Schürmann, Tanja Wolff Metternich-Kaizman, Charlotte Jaite, Viola Kappel, Julia Geissler, Andreas Warnke, Christian Jacob, Klaus Hennighausen, Barbara Haack-Dees, Katja Schneider-Momm, Alexandra Philipsen, Swantje Matthies, Michael Rösler…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:388

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental characterized by attention deficit, hyperactivity, emotional impulses and difficulty with cognitive functions. The Das-Naglieri Cognitive...

    Authors: Ling Qin, Hairun Liu, Hong Zhang, Yanhong Fu and Dandan Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:386

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Adolescents with intellectual disabilities have an increased risk of developing academic, social, and psychological problems compared with non-disabled peers. These difficulties might have an impact on the imp...

    Authors: Fenneke L. M. Verberg, Petra Helmond and Geertjan Overbeek

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:377

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Adolescence is a key period of risk for the emergence of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The prescription of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for the treatment of depression in adolescents is ...

    Authors: Rita A. Maroun, Lisa A. Thackeray and Nick Midgley

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:374

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Longitudinal studies have consistently reported that prenatal exposure to acetaminophen can to lead to an increased risk of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder during childhood. This study aimed to invest...

    Authors: Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Bruna Celestino Schneider, Thais Martins-Silva, Bianca Del-Ponte, Christian Loret de Mola, Lavinia Schuler-Faccini, Fernanda Sales Luiz Vianna, Tiago N. Munhoz, Ludmila Entiauspe, Mariângela Freitas Silveira, Iná S. Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluísio J. D. Barros, Luis Augusto Rohde and Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:368

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To explore the relationship between college students’ alexithymia and mobile phone addiction as well as the mediating effects of mental health and the moderating role of being a single child or not.

    Authors: Songli Mei, Gang Xu, Tingting Gao, Hui Ren and Jingyang Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:329

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Concerns have been raised over the safety of methylphenidate (MPH), with regard to adverse effects on growth and blood pressure. Our study investigates whether, and to what extent, methylphenidate use in boys ...

    Authors: Suzanne McCarthy, Antje Neubert, Kenneth K. C. Man, Tobias Banaschewski, Jan Buitelaar, Sara Carucci, David Coghill, Marina Danckaerts, Bruno Falissard, Peter Garas, Alexander Häge, Chris Hollis, Sarah Inglis, Hanna Kovshoff, Elizabeth Liddle, Konstantin Mechler…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:327

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common among adolescents and associated with negative outcomes. However, treatments developed specifically for NSSI and the proposed NSSI disorder (NSSID) are scarce, and acce...

    Authors: Johan Bjureberg, Hanna Sahlin, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Kim L. Gratz, Matthew T. Tull, Jussi Jokinen, Clara Hellner and Brjánn Ljótsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:326

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often experience sleep problems, but the comorbidity mechanism has not been sufficiently studied. This study aimed to determine the comorbidity of ...

    Authors: Lian Tong, Yan Ye and Qiong Yan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:298

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  16. Content type: Research article

    More knowledge about characteristics of children and adolescents who need intensive levels of psychiatric treatment is important to improve treatment approaches. These characteristics were investigated in thos...

    Authors: Richard Vijverberg, Robert Ferdinand, Aartjan Beekman and Berno van Meijel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:291

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Adolescence is a period of marked sleep pattern changes and sleep problems, which may result from both endogenous and exogenous factors. Among the various factors affecting adolescent sleep, depression and pro...

    Authors: Min-Hyeon Park, Subin Park, Kyu-In Jung, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Soo Churl Cho and Bung-Nyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:280

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Burnout has long been understood as work-related physical, emotional, and cognitive exhaustion. However, burnout symptoms can also be found among younger people, including school-aged adolescents. While the Sh...

    Authors: Markus Gerber, Flora Colledge, Manuel Mücke, René Schilling, Serge Brand and Sebastian Ludyga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:266

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Though several epidemiological surveys of psychiatric disorders have been carried out in China, only a few of them are concerned about the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in central Hunan and reveal the di...

    Authors: Yan-Mei Shen, Bella Siu Man Chan, Jian-Bo Liu, Yuan-Yue Zhou, Xi-Long Cui, Yu-Qiong He, Yu-min Fang, Yu-Tao Xiang and Xue-Rong Luo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:243

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Self-control in childhood has been linked to long-term and cascading effects on health, academic, criminality, wealth and parenting outcomes. Hence it is important to target self-control deficits early in life...

    Authors: Nienke M. Siebelink, Susan M. Bögels, Lisanne M. Boerboom, Noor de Waal, Jan K. Buitelaar, Anne E. Speckens and Corina U. Greven

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:237

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Comorbid psychiatric disorders are frequent in children with intellectual disability (ID). Given the limitations of drugs treatments, cognitive remediation could be a promising tool to reduce these challenging...

    Authors: Emilie Favre, Elodie Peyroux, Marie-Noelle Babinet, Alice Poisson and Caroline Demily

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:235

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  22. Content type: Research article

    This observational, cross-sectional, retrospective chart review aimed to identify factors determining health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with newly diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disor...

    Authors: E. Ahnemark, M. Di Schiena, A.-C. Fredman, E. Medin, J. K. Söderling and Y. Ginsberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:223

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  23. Content type: Review

    Research suggests that diagnostic procedures for Autism Spectrum Disorder are not consistent across practice and that diagnostic rates can be affected by contextual and social drivers. The purpose of this revi...

    Authors: Jennie Hayes, Tamsin Ford, Hateem Rafeeque and Ginny Russell

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:222

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Most mental disorders begin in adolescence; however, there are gaps in our understanding of youth mental health. Clinical and policy gaps arise from our current inability to predict, from amongst all youth who...

    Authors: Jean Addington, Benjamin I. Goldstein, Jian Li Wang, Sidney H. Kennedy, Signe Bray, Catherine Lebel, Stefanie Hassel, Catherine Marshall and Glenda MacQueen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:219

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Population based research regarding social differences in diagnosed depression in adolescence is sparse. In this study unique material containing in-and outpatient data was used to determine if low social posi...

    Authors: Therese Wirback, Jette Möller, Jan-Olov Larsson and Karin Engström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:216

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Youth mental health has emerged as a pressing global issue. However, to advance research gaps in low-income settings, we need valid measures of common mental health disorders. Using primary data collected in f...

    Authors: Kelly Kilburn, Leah Prencipe, Lisa Hjelm, Amber Peterman, Sudhanshu Handa and Tia Palermo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:201

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  27. Content type: Research article

    There are various language adaptations of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). In order to comply with the changes in DSM cla...

    Authors: Francisco R. de la Peña, Lino R. Villavicencio, Juan D. Palacio, Fernando J. Félix, Marcela Larraguibel, Laura Viola, Silvia Ortiz, Marcos Rosetti, Andrea Abadi, Cecilia Montiel, Pablo A. Mayer, Sofía Fernández, Aurora Jaimes, Miriam Feria, Liz Sosa, Andrés Rodríguez…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:193

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Cognitive abilities are essential for children’s development and independence. Various cognitive assessments, standardized in Western cultures, have yet to be investigated for their multicultural suitability.

    Authors: Fidaa Almomani, Tamara Avi-Itzhak, Naor Demeter, Naomi Josman and Murad O. Al-momani

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:184

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Child maltreatment is an identified risk factor for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). The aim of the current study was to investigate effects of different types of maltreatment, and mediating effects of depress...

    Authors: Rebecca C. Brown, Stefanie Heines, Andreas Witt, Elmar Braehler, Joerg M. Fegert, Daniela Harsch and Paul L. Plener

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:181

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Transition from distinct Child and Adolescent Mental Health (CAMHS) to Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS) is beset with multitude of problems affecting continuity of care for young people with mental health n...

    Authors: H. Tuomainen, U. Schulze, J. Warwick, M. Paul, G.C. Dieleman, T. Franić, J. Madan, A. Maras, F. McNicholas, D. Purper-Ouakil, P. Santosh, G. Signorini, C. Street, S. Tremmery, F.C. Verhulst, D. Wolke…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:167

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:295

  31. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based parenting programmes are recommended for the treatment of child mental health difficulties. Families with complex psychosocial needs show poorer retention and outcomes when participating in stan...

    Authors: Ruth Wilson, Tim Weaver, Daniel Michelson and Crispin Day

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:152

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent pregnancies within urban resource-deprived settlements predispose young girls to adverse mental health and psychosocial adversities, notably depression. Depression in sub-Saharan Africa is a leading...

    Authors: Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Ann Vander Stoep, Keng-Yen Huang and Manasi Kumar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:136

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Cognitive functioning hugely affects the performance of tasks of different complexity. Memory, one of the most important cognitive skills, allows children to practice and acquire necessary skills and knowledge...

    Authors: Fidaa Almomani, Nihaya A. Al-sheyab, Murad O. Al-momani and Mazin Alqhazo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:127

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Internalizing problems are the most prevalent mental health problems in adolescents. Transdiagnostic programs are promising manners to treat multiple problems within the same protocol, however, there is limite...

    Authors: Costina Ruxandra Păsărelu and Anca Dobrean

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:101

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Significant racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities exist in access to evidence-based treatment services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Patient Navigation (PN) is a theory-based care m...

    Authors: Sarabeth Broder-Fingert, Morgan Walls, Marilyn Augustyn, Rinad Beidas, David Mandell, Shannon Wiltsey-Stirman, Michael Silverstein and Emily Feinberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:79

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience challenges in participating in the labour market and struggle to achieve and maintain appropriate professional positions, possibly due to impairments of c...

    Authors: Fabian Frank, Martina Jablotschkin, Tobias Arthen, Andreas Riedel, Thomas Fangmeier, Lars P. Hölzel and Ludger Tebartz van Elst

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:75

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  37. Content type: Research article

    College students are at risk of depression. This risk may be increased by the experience of childhood adversity and/or recent stressors. This study examined the association between reported experiences of chil...

    Authors: Sumaya Mall, Philippe Mortier, Lian Taljaard, Janine Roos, Dan J. Stein and Christine Lochner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:63

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Depression is a significant health and economic burden worldwide affecting not only adults but also children and adolescents. Current treatment options for this group are scarce and show moderate effect sizes....

    Authors: Manuel Föcker, Jochen Antel, Corinna Grasemann, Dagmar Führer, Nina Timmesfeld, Dana Öztürk, Triinu Peters, Anke Hinney, Johannes Hebebrand and Lars Libuda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:57

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Suboptimal physical activity levels and tolerance, poor motor skills and poor physical health are demonstrated in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). We speculate that social interaction and communic...

    Authors: Clare C. W. Yu, Simpson W. L. Wong, Farica S. F. Lo, Raymond C. H. So and Dorothy F. Y. Chan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:56

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can have long-term and far-reaching impacts on health and social and occupational functioning. This study examined factors associated with persistent PTSD among U.S. servic...

    Authors: Richard F. Armenta, Toni Rush, Cynthia A. LeardMann, Jeffrey Millegan, Adam Cooper and Charles W. Hoge

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:48

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental condition in childhood (5.3% to 7.1% worldwide prevalence), with substantial overall financial burden to children/adolescents, the...

    Authors: Javier Quintero, Josep A. Ramos-Quiroga, Javier San Sebastián, Francisco Montañés, Alberto Fernández-Jaén, José Martínez-Raga, Marta García Giral, Montserrat Graell, María J. Mardomingo, César Soutullo, Jesús Eiris, Montserrat Téllez, Montserrat Pamias, Javier Correas, Juncal Sabaté, Laura García-Orti…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:40

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  42. Content type: Research article

    There are multiple negative consequences associated with heavy episodic drinking and close associations between substance abuse and depression, alcohol-intoxicated adolescents (AIA) represent a vulnerable grou...

    Authors: Hanna E. Schwendemann, Heidi Kuttler, Thomas Mößle and Eva Maria Bitzer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:36

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) with special focus on the role of comorbidit...

    Authors: Judit Balázs, Dóra Győri, Lili Olga Horváth, Gergely Mészáros and Dóra Szentiványi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:34

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to examine the internal structure and reliability of the Attachment Insecurity Screening Inventory (AISI) 6–12. The AISI 6–12 years is a parent-report questionnaire for assessi...

    Authors: Anouk Spruit, Inge Wissink, Marc J. Noom, Cristina Colonnesi, Nelleke Polderman, Lucia Willems, Charlotte Barning and Geert Jan J. M. Stams

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:30

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Self-harm (SH) is an emerging problem among Chinese adolescents. The present study aimed to measure the prevalence of SH behaviours and to explore the relationship between childhood adversity and different SH ...

    Authors: Azhu Han, Gengfu Wang, Geng Xu and Puyu Su

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:28

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Personality with stable behavioural traits emerges in the adolescent and young adult years. Models of putatively distinct, but correlated, personality traits have been developed to describe behavioural styles ...

    Authors: Ela Polek, Peter B. Jones, Pasco Fearon, Jeannette Brodbeck, Michael Moutoussis, NSPN Consortium, Ray Dolan, Peter Fonagy, Edward T. Bullmore and Ian M. Goodyer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:23

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  47. Content type: Research article

    There is a great demand for non-medical treatment and support targeting the needs of adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There ...

    Authors: Helena Sehlin, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Gerhard Andersson and Elisabet Wentz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:15

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an unclear etiology. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) have been suggested to play a role in the etiology of autism. The current...

    Authors: Yidong Shen, Huixi Dong, Xiaozi Lu, Nan Lian, Guanglei Xun, Lijuan Shi, Lu Xiao, Jingping Zhao and Jianjun Ou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:11

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Child psychiatric treatment facilities vary greatly worldwide and are virtually non-existent in many low-income countries. One of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood is ADHD, with an estimated p...

    Authors: Arzu Arat, Viveca Östberg, Bo Burström and Anders Hjern

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:3

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