Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Research article

    Does continuous trusted adult support in childhood impart life-course resilience against adverse childhood experiences - a retrospective study on adult health-harming behaviours and mental well-being

    Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) including child abuse and household problems (e.g. domestic violence) increase risks of poor health and mental well-being in adulthood. Factors such as having access to a t...

    Mark A. Bellis, Katie Hardcastle, Kat Ford, Karen Hughes, Kathryn Ashton, Zara Quigg and Nadia Butler

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:110

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Influence of socioeconomic status on antipsychotic prescriptions among youth in France

    Recent studies analysing the trends in antipsychotic (AP) prescriptions for children and adolescents have raised concerns regarding the influence of socioeconomic status. Previous findings have also shown vari...

    Olivier Bonnot, Mélanie Dufresne, Paula Herrera, Emmanuelle Michaud, Jacques Pivette, Anicet Chaslerie, Anne Sauvaget and Caroline Vigneau

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:82

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Register-based study of the incidence, comorbidities and demographics of obsessive-compulsive disorder in specialist healthcare

    Incidence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been suspected to increase but nationwide epidemiological studies are limited. This study aims to examine sex-specific incidence time trends and characteriz...

    Hanna Rintala, Roshan Chudal, Sami Leppämäki, Susanna Leivonen, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki and Andre Sourander

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:64

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Study of user experience of an objective test (QbTest) to aid ADHD assessment and medication management: a multi-methods approach

    The diagnosis and monitoring of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) typically relies on subjective reports and observations. Objective continuous performance tests (CPTs) have been incorporated int...

    Charlotte L. Hall, Althea Z. Valentine, Gemma M. Walker, Harriet M. Ball, Heather Cogger, David Daley, Madeleine J. Groom, Kapil Sayal and Chris Hollis

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:66

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  5. Research article

    Diagnostic performance and optimal cut-off scores of the Massachusetts youth screening instrument-second version in a sample of Swiss youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions

    There is a growing consensus about the importance of mental health screening of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version (MAYSI-2) was sp...

    Claudia Dölitzsch, Laura E. W. Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M. Fegert, Thomas Grisso and Marc Schmid

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:61

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Investigating the validation of the Chinese Mandarin version of the Social Responsiveness Scale in a Mainland China child population

    Researchers from several different countries have found the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) to have good psychometric properties. However, to our knowledge, no studies on this subject have been reported in M...

    Chao-Qun Cen, Ya-Yong Liang, Qiu-Ru Chen, Kai-Yun Chen, Hong-Zhu Deng, Bi-Yuan Chen and Xiao-Bing Zou

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:51

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Effects over time of self-reported direct and vicarious racial discrimination on depressive symptoms and loneliness among Australian school students

    Racism and racial discrimination are increasingly acknowledged as a critical determinant of health and health inequalities. However, patterns and impacts of racial discrimination among children and adolescents...

    Naomi Priest, Ryan Perry, Angeline Ferdinand, Margaret Kelaher and Yin Paradies

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:50

    Published on: 3 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Prevalence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder among children and adolescents in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the most common childhood neurobehavioural disorder, can produce a series of negative effects on children, adolescents, and even adults as well as place a serio...

    Tingting Wang, Kaihua Liu, Zhanzhan Li, Yang Xu, Yuan Liu, Wenpei Shi and Lizhang Chen

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:32

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  9. Research article

    ADHD, comorbid disorders and psychosocial functioning: How representative is a child cohort study? Findings from a national patient registry

    Cohort studies often report findings on children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) but may be biased by self-selection. The representativeness of cohort studies needs to be investigated to d...

    Beate Oerbeck, Kristin Romvig Overgaard, Stian Thoresen Aspenes, Are Hugo Pripp, Marianne Mordre, Heidi Aase, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud and Pal Zeiner

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:23

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Smoking in pregnancy, adolescent mental health and cognitive performance in young adult offspring: results from a matched sample within a Finnish cohort

    The association between prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS) and adult cognition is debated, including if there are differences according to sex. We aimed to determine if there are associati...

    Hugh Ramsay, Jennifer H. Barnett, Graham K. Murray, Pirjo Mäki, Tuula Hurtig, Tanja Nordström, Jouko Miettunen, Vesa Kiviniemi, Solja Niemelä, Zdenka Pausova, Tomas Paus and Juha Veijola

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:430

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  11. Study protocol

    Evaluation of a school-based depression prevention program among adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial

    Adolescents are at risk of developing depressive symptoms. Given the prevalence, recurrence and negative consequences of adolescent depression, it is crucial to implement prevention programs for high-risk adol...

    Karlijn W. J. de Jonge-Heesen, Kim M. van Ettekoven, Sanne P. A. Rasing, Farina H. J. Oprins-van Liempd, Ad A. Vermulst, Rutger C. M. E. Engels and Daan H. M. Creemers

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:402

    Published on: 16 November 2016

  12. Research article

    Predicting time to emergency department re-visits and inpatient hospitalization among adolescents who visited an emergency department for psychotic symptoms: a retrospective cohort study

    Adolescents experiencing psychosis may enter the mental health system by a pathway to care that includes or is initiated at the emergency department (ED). However, a better understanding of the pathway to care...

    Amir Soleimani, Rhonda J. Rosychuk and Amanda S. Newton

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:385

    Published on: 9 November 2016

  13. Research article

    Relationship between early language skills and the development of inattention/hyperactivity symptoms during the preschool period: Results of the EDEN mother-child cohort

    This study aims to examine bidirectional relationships between children’s language skills and Inattention/Hyperactivity (IH) symptoms during preschool.

    Hugo Peyre, Cedric Galera, Judith van der Waerden, Nicolas Hoertel, Jonathan Y. Bernard, Maria Melchior and Franck Ramus

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:380

    Published on: 8 November 2016

  14. Research article

    Does the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management Training programme have positive effects for young children exhibiting severe externalizing problems in school?: a quasi-experimental pre-post study

    Young children exhibiting severe externalizing problems in school are at risk of developing several poor outcomes. School-based intervention programs have been found to be effective for students with different...

    Bente Kirkhaug, May Britt Drugli, Bjørn Helge Handegård, Stian Lydersen, Merethe Åsheim and Sturla Fossum

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:362

    Published on: 26 October 2016

  15. Study protocol

    COMPULS: design of a multicenter phenotypic, cognitive, genetic, and magnetic resonance imaging study in children with compulsive syndromes

    Compulsivity, the closely linked trait impulsivity and addictive behaviour are associated with several neurodevelopmental disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum d...

    Jilly Naaijen, Saskia de Ruiter, Marcel P. Zwiers, Jeffrey C. Glennon, Sarah Durston, David J. Lythgoe, Steven C. R. Williams, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Barbara Franke and Jan K. Buitelaar

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:361

    Published on: 26 October 2016

  16. Research article

    Cross-cultural acceptability and utility of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire: views of families

    Screening children for behavioural difficulties requires the use of a tool that is culturally valid. We explored the cross-cultural acceptability and utility of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for...

    Paula Kersten, Margaret Dudley, Shoba Nayar, Hinemoa Elder, Heather Robertson, Robyn Tauroa and Kathryn M. McPherson

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:347

    Published on: 12 October 2016

  17. Research article

    Relationship between Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version and psychiatric disorders in youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions in Switzerland

    There is growing evidence that it is important to have well-standardized procedures for identifying the mental health needs of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. One of the most widely used t...

    L. E. W. Leenarts, C. Dölitzsch, K. Schmeck, J. M. Fegert, T. Grisso and M. Schmid

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:340

    Published on: 30 September 2016

  18. Commentary

    FASD and ADHD: Are they related and How?

    In this issue of the journal, consensus criteria for the diagnosis and management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in people who have fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are presented. In...

    Larry Burd

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:325

    Published on: 22 September 2016

  19. Research article

    Guidelines for identification and treatment of individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and associated fetal alcohol spectrum disorders based upon expert consensus

    The association of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) results in a complex constellation of symptoms that complicates the successful diagnosis and treat...

    Susan Young, Michael Absoud, Carolyn Blackburn, Polly Branney, Bill Colley, Emad Farrag, Susan Fleisher, Ges Gregory, Gisli H. Gudjonsson, Keira Kim, Kieran D. O’Malley, Moira Plant, Alina Rodriguez, Susan Ozer, Inyang Takon, Emma Woodhouse…

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:324

    Published on: 22 September 2016

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