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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Child and adolescent mental health problems account for a significant proportion of the local and global burden of disease and is recognized as a growing public health concern in need of adequate services. Stu...

    Authors: Grace Nduku Wambua, Manasi Kumar, Fredrik Falkenström and Pim Cuijpers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:263

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  2. Food may trigger Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Therefore, an elimination diet (ED) might be an effective treatment for children with ADHD. However, earlier studies were criticized f...

    Authors: Annick Bosch, Margreet Bierens, Ardine G. de Wit, Verena Ly, Jessica van der Velde, Heleen de Boer, Gerry van Beek, Danielle Appelman, Sacha Visser, Lisa Bos, Jolanda van der Meer, Niki Kamphuis, Jos M. T. Draaisma, Rogier Donders, Gigi H. H. van de Loo-Neus, Pieter J. Hoekstra…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:262

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  3. Problematic internet use (PIU) is an increasingly worrisome issue, as youth population studies are establishing links with internalizing and externalizing problems. There is a need for a better understanding o...

    Authors: Anita Restrepo, Tohar Scheininger, Jon Clucas, Lindsay Alexander, Giovanni A. Salum, Kathy Georgiades, Diana Paksarian, Kathleen R. Merikangas and Michael P. Milham

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:252

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  4. Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders are ranked first amongst medical diseases as a trigger of requests for mental health counselling. Child abuse has been regarded as one of the main causes of the development of f...

    Authors: Seyed Mojtaba Hashemi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Bahman Salehi, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Mohammad Rafiei, Sima Zahedi, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae and Fereshteh Maghsoudlou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:258

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  5. Several quantitative studies support the effectiveness of the Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) psychosocial skills training group component for adolescents with impulse-control disorder and/or emotional dysr...

    Authors: Eva Sesma Pardo, Aránzazu Fernández Rivas, Pablo Orgaz Barnier, Marina Beá Mirabent, Iñaki Kerexeta Lizeaga, Aída Díaz Cosgaya, Ana Catalán Alcántara, Esther Vivanco González, Blaise Aguirre and Miguel Angel González Torres

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:245

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  6. Adolescent boys and young men are at particular risk of suicide. Suicidal ideation is an important risk factor for suicide, but is poorly understood among adolescent males. Some masculine behaviors have been a...

    Authors: Tania L. King, Marissa Shields, Victor Sojo, Galina Daraganova, Dianne Currier, Adrienne O’Neil, Kylie King and Allison Milner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:228

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  7. Selective mutism (SM) is nowadays considered a relatively rare anxiety disorder characterized by children failing to speak in certain situations. Research on risk factors for SM are limited in comparison to ot...

    Authors: Miina Koskela, Roshan Chudal, Terhi Luntamo, Auli Suominen, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:221

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  8. Although Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) is a widely used intervention for ameliorating challenging behaviour (CB), evidence for its use in adults with intellectual disability (ID) and comorbid autism (ASD) i...

    Authors: Andre Strydom, Alessandro Bosco, Victoria Vickerstaff, Rachael Hunter and Angela Hassiotis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:161

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  9. Fairness has received much attention in our society. At present, the findings regarding fair decision-making in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HF-ASD) are inconsistent. Previous studies have shown ...

    Authors: Peiying Jin, Yao Wang, Yun Li, Yunhua Xiao, Chunyan Li, Nana Qiu, Jiao Weng, Hui Fang and Xiaoyan Ke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:152

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  10. Mental health issues presenting in childhood often persist into adulthood, usually requiring youth to transition from child and adolescent mental health services to adult mental health services at 18 years. Di...

    Authors: Kristin Cleverley, Lindsey Lenters and Emma McCann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:147

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  11. The potential mechanisms underlying cyber victimization and the resulting psychological and physical symptoms remain unclear. Thus, the present study investigated whether Internet addiction mediates the associ...

    Authors: Ling Lin, Jianbo Liu, Xiaolan Cao, Siying Wen, Jianchang Xu, Zhenpeng Xue and Jianping Lu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:144

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  12. Adherence to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication can prevent serious consequences, possibly with lifelong effects. Numerous factors have been observed that influence adherent behaviour, ...

    Authors: Maria Emilsson, Per Gustafsson, Gisela Öhnström and Ina Marteinsdottir

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:139

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  13. Previous studies suggest that childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may continue in adulthood, producing adverse effects. Therefore, identifying factors that help to differentiate character...

    Authors: Belén Roselló, Carmen Berenguer, Inmaculada Baixauli, Álvaro Mira, Jose Martinez-Raga and Ana Miranda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:134

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  14. This paper is a systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of available medications for the treatment of restricted/repetitive behavior (RRBs) in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

    Authors: Yanjie Yu, Ashmita Chaulagain, Sindre Andre Pedersen, Stian Lydersen, Bennett L. Leventhal, Peter Szatmari, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki and Norbert Skokauskas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:121

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  15. Child and adolescent mental health has scarcely been studied in developing countries, though it is an important aspect of health. Mental health problems in youth often continue into adulthood if not diagnosed ...

    Authors: Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Jerome Flores, Carolang Escobar, Alfonso Urzúa and Matías Irarrázaval

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:104

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  16. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Korean version of Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) on a sample of Korean youths and to examine the cross-cul...

    Authors: Jiyoon Shin, Kyoung Min Kim, Kyung Hwa Lee, Soon-Beom Hong, Jung Lee, Chi-Hyun Choi, Ji Youn Han, Seong Hae Kim, Da Eun Suh, Soo-Churl Cho and Jae-Won Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:89

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  17. Symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress experienced during childhood might have a negative impact on development. This study explores factors associated with such symptoms among Portuguese primary school-ag...

    Authors: Diogo Costa, Marina Cunha, Cláudia Ferreira, Augusta Gama, Aristides M. Machado-Rodrigues, Vítor Rosado-Marques, Helena Nogueira, Maria-Raquel G. Silva and Cristina Padez

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:87

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  18. Current clinical guidelines recommend parent management training (PMT) in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). However, (a) a lack of supply...

    Authors: Manfred Döpfner, Laura Wähnke, Marie-Theres Klemp, Judith Mühlenmeister, Stephanie Schürmann, Martin Hellmich and Julia Plück

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:76

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  19. Younger age at onset is generally thought to be a predictor of poor outcome in Early Onset Schizophrenia (EOS), but there is a paucity of epidemiological data supporting this belief. This study aims to describ...

    Authors: Lingzi Xu, Yanqing Guo, Qingjiu Cao, Xue Li, Ting Mei, Zenghui Ma, Xinzhou Tang, Zhaozheng Ji, Liu Yang and Jing Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:67

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  20. Many children and adolescents suffer from problematic levels of anxiety, but the multitude of these children do not receive an intervention. It is of importance to increase the accessibility and availability o...

    Authors: Ellin Simon, Eva de Hullu, Susan Bögels, Peter Verboon, Petra Butler, Wendy van Groeninge, Wim Slot, Michelle Craske, Stephen Whiteside and Jacques van Lankveld

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:60

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  21. Anxiety and depression are common in children and adolescents, which can be detected via self-report questionnaires in non-clinical settings like the school environment. Two short versions of the Revised Child...

    Authors: Leonie Klaufus, Eva Verlinden, Marcel van der Wal, Mia Kösters, Pim Cuijpers and Mai Chinapaw

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:47

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  22. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a clinically heterogeneous disorder. Currently, the Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Child Version (OCI-CV) is the only self-report measure that fully captures this symptom...

    Authors: Kristina Aspvall, Matti Cervin, Per Andrén, Sean Perrin, David Mataix-Cols and Erik Andersson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:42

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  23. Little is known about the prevalence of inconsistent trauma reporting in community samples and about its associations with psychopathology. This study aimed to assess for the first time the prevalence of incon...

    Authors: Annette Burns, Helen Coughlan and Mary Cannon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:38

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  24. Children with intellectual disabilities are likely to present with challenging behaviour. Parent mediated interventions have shown utility in influencing child behaviour, although there is a paucity of UK rese...

    Authors: Olayinka Farris, Rachel Royston, Michael Absoud, Gareth Ambler, Jacqueline Barnes, Rachael Hunter, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Kate Oulton, Eleni Paliokosta, Monica Panca, Laura Paulauskaite, Michaela Poppe, Federico Ricciardi, Aditya Sharma, Vicky Slonims, Una Summerson…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:35

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  25. Suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents in North America. Youth who present to the Emergency Department (ED) with acute suicidality are at increased risk for eventual death by suicide, thereby pr...

    Authors: Daphne J. Korczak, Yaron Finkelstein, Melanie Barwick, Gloria Chaim, Kristin Cleverley, Joanna Henderson, Suneeta Monga, Myla E. Moretti, Andrew Willan and Peter Szatmari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:20

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  26. The mental health treatment gap—the difference between those with mental health need and those who receive treatment—is high in low- and middle-income countries. Task-shifting has been used to address the shor...

    Authors: Shannon Dorsey, Christine L. Gray, Augustine I. Wasonga, Cyrilla Amanya, Bryan J. Weiner, C. Micha Belden, Prerna Martin, Rosemary D. Meza, Andrew K. Weinhold, Caroline Soi, Laura K. Murray, Leah Lucid, Elizabeth L. Turner, Robyn Mildon and Kathryn Whetten

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:10

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  27. Low and middle-income countries like India with a large youth population experience a different environment from that of high-income countries. The Consortium on Vulnerability to Externalizing Disorders and Ad...

    Authors: Eesha Sharma, Nilakshi Vaidya, Udita Iyengar, Yuning Zhang, Bharath Holla, Meera Purushottam, Amit Chakrabarti, Gwen Sascha Fernandes, Jon Heron, Matthew Hickman, Sylvane Desrivieres, Kamakshi Kartik, Preeti Jacob, Madhavi Rangaswamy, Rose Dawn Bharath, Gareth Barker…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:2

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  28. Few studies examine caregiver-child agreement on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in non-Western cultures. The present study investigated mother-child agreement for PTSD symptoms in a South Indian...

    Authors: Silvia Exenberger, David Riedl, Kumuthavalli Rangaramanujam, Vijai Amirtharaj and Florian Juen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:414

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Adolescents with acute psychiatric disorders are typically treated with long-term clinical admission. However, long term admission may be associated with a variety of negative outcomes. This pilot study presen...

    Authors: Jet B. Muskens, Pierre C. M. Herpers, Caroline Hilderink, Patricia A. M. van Deurzen, Jan K. Buitelaar and Wouter G. Staal

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:412

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Many national and regional clinical guidelines emphasise the need for good communication of information to young people and their parent/carers about what to expect during transition into adult services. Recen...

    Authors: Anna Price, Tamsin Newlove-Delgado, Helen Eke, Moli Paul, Susan Young, Tamsin Ford and Astrid Janssens

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:404

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have social interaction deficits and difficulties in emotional regulation. The neural substrates for these socio-affective deficits are not yet clear, but one po...

    Authors: Yun Li, Zhengbing Zhou, Chen Chang, Lu Qian, Chunyan Li, Ting Xiao, Xiang Xiao, Kangkang Chu, Hui Fang and Xiaoyan Ke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:399

    Content type: Research article

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  32. To examine whether Borderline Intellectual Functioning (BIF) and Adverse Childhood Experiences independently predict adult psychiatric morbidity.

    Authors: Angela Hassiotis, Emma Brown, James Harris, David Helm, Kerim Munir, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Marco Bertelli, Amaria Baghdadli, Jannelien Wieland, Ramon Novell-Alsina, Jordi Cid, Laura Vergés, Rafael Martínez-Leal, Tuba Mutluer, Fuad Ismayilov and Eric Emerson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:387

    Content type: Research article

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  33. China has experienced rapid socioeconomic, and health transitions over the last four decades, and urban–rural disparities are becoming increasingly apparent. Research on depression among rural and urban studen...

    Authors: Guo Li, Junhua Mei, Jing You, Jinfeng Miao, Xiaoyan Song, Wenzhe Sun, Yan Lan, Xiuli Qiu and Zhou Zhu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:386

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  34. Previous research has documented mental health status among rural-to-urban migrant children (labeled as “migrant children” henceforth) and urban children. However, the findings remain unclear. In addition, far...

    Authors: Ningjing Chen, Yongguang Pei, Xijun Lin, Jun Wang, Xiuqing Bu and Ke Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:383

    Content type: Research article

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  35. As early as pregnancy, maternal mental stress impinges on the child’s development and health. Thus, this may cause enhanced risk for premature birth, lowered fetal growth, and lower fetal birth weight as well ...

    Authors: M. Bischoff, V. Howland, J. Klinger-König, S. Tomczyk, S. Schmidt, M. Zygmunt, M. Heckmann, N. van den Berg, B. Bethke, J. Corleis, S. Günther, K. Liutkus, U. Stentzel, A. Neumann, P. Penndorf, T. Ludwig…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:371

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  36. Anxiety disorders in adolescence have been associated with several psychiatric outcomes. We sought to describe the prospective relationship between various levels of adolescent anxiety and psychiatric diagnose...

    Authors: Sabrina Doering, Paul Lichtenstein, Christopher Gillberg, Christel M. Middeldorp, Meike Bartels, Ralf Kuja-Halkola and Sebastian Lundström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:363

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Up to 60% of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) meet diagnostic criteria for at least one anxiety disorder, including Social, Generalized and/or Separation Disorder. Anxiety in child...

    Authors: Emma Sciberras, Daryl Efron, Pooja Patel, Melissa Mulraney, Katherine J. Lee, Cathy Mihalopoulos, Lidia Engel, Ronald M. Rapee, Vicki Anderson, Jan M. Nicholson, Rachel Schembri and Harriet Hiscock

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:359

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  38. Widening definitions of health conditions have the potential to affect millions of people and should only occur when there is strong evidence of benefit. In the last version of the Diagnostic and Statistical M...

    Authors: Sharon Sanders, Rae Thomas, Paul Glasziou and Jenny Doust

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:357

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Previous studies have shown that children who display behavioral problems also tend to display low social competence. The relation does however vary according to type of behavior being measured, as well as dem...

    Authors: Silje Hukkelberg, Serap Keles, Terje Ogden and Karianne Hammerstrøm

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:354

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Brief screening instruments focusing on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that can be administered in primary care are scarce; there is a need for shorter and more precise instruments. The Autism–Tics, AD/HD and ...

    Authors: Caroline Mårland, Gitta Lubke, Alessio Degl’Innocenti, Maria Råstam, Christopher Gillberg, Thomas Nilsson and Sebastian Lundström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:337

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The incidence of bullying is high among adolescents. Adolescents who were victims of bullying have a higher risk of self-harm and suicidal behavior than adolescents who were non-victims. However, research on s...

    Authors: Zhekuan Peng, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Liping Li, Xuefen Su, Lauri Sillanmäki, Roshan Chudal and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:324

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The lack of universally accepted diagnostic criteria and the high rate of psychiatric comorbidity make it difficult to diagnose Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). In an effort to improve the diagnosis of ...

    Authors: Shannon Lange, Kevin Shield, Jürgen Rehm, Evdokia Anagnostou and Svetlana Popova

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:322

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials suggest that psychological interventions to reduce children’s risk of depression are effective. Nevertheless, these effects are modest and diminish over time. The ...

    Authors: Nathalie Claus, Lisa Marzano, Johanna Loechner, Kornelija Starman, Alessandra Voggt, Fabian Loy, Inga Wermuth, Stephanie Haemmerle, Lina Engelmann, Mirjam Bley, Gerd Schulte-Koerne and Belinda Platt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:290

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The terms affective dysregulation (AD) and irritability describe transdiagnostic dimensions and are characterized by an excessive reactivity to negative emotional stimuli with an affective (anger) and a behavi...

    Authors: Manfred Döpfner, Josepha Katzmann, Charlotte Hanisch, Jörg M. Fegert, Michael Kölch, Anne Ritschel, Anne-Katrin Treier, Martin Hellmich, Veit Roessner, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Tobias Banaschewski and Anja Görtz-Dorten

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:264

    Content type: Study protocol

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