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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a distressing psychiatric disorder. Traumas may trigger or aggravate OCD symptoms. COVID-19 pandemic has coursed a global crisis and has been associated with onset of psy...

    Authors: J. B. Nissen, D.R.M.A. Højgaard and P. H. Thomsen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:511

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a major neurodevelopmental disorder with heterogeneous symptoms, subtypes, and cognitive deficits. Cognitive deficits are central to ADHD pathophysiology and ...

    Authors: Parviz Molavi, Mehriar Nadermohammadi, Habibeh Salvat Ghojehbeiglou, Carmelo M. Vicario, Michael A. Nitsche and Mohammad Ali Salehinejad

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Since the 1990s, families from the ecologically hostile mountainous southern areas of Ningxia Province, China, have been migrating to the northern areas of the province. This study compared the prevalence of b...

    Authors: Jian-Qun Fang, Yan-rong Wang, Yun-Yun Du, Guo-Li Yan, Fu-Li Ma, Yan-Qiu Liu, Wen-Xi Sun, Shi-Qi Chen, Li-Ping Feng, Jia Wei, Hao Liu, Jing Hu and Zhao-Xia Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Orphans and vulnerable adolescents (OVAs) living in child care homes (CCHs) are vulnerable to depressive symptoms due to a poor environment and a lack of receiving good care and love from their parents. This s...

    Authors: Kumari Bandana Bhatt, Tawatchai Apidechkul, Peeradone Srichan and Navin Bhatt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:466

    Content type: Research article

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  5. High prevalence and strong relationships among suicidal ideation, Internet gaming disorder (IGD), insomnia, and depression have been reported for adolescents worldwide, but the mechanism underlying these psych...

    Authors: Yuelin Yu, Xue Yang, Suping Wang, Huwen Wang, Ruijie Chang, Lhakpa Tsamlag, Shuxian Zhang, Chen Xu, Xiaoyue Yu, Yong Cai and Joseph T. F. Lau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:460

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Recurrent and impairing functional somatic syndromes (FSS) are common in adolescents. Despite a high need for care, empirically supported treatments are lacking for youth. The aim of this uncontrolled pilot st...

    Authors: Karen Hansen Kallesøe, Andreas Schröder, Rikard K. Wicksell, Tua Preuss, Jens Søndergaard Jensen and Charlotte Ulrikka Rask

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Clinical evidence is required about the long-term efficacy and safety of melatonin treatment for sleep problems in children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) who underwent adequate sleep hygiene interve...

    Authors: Kotaro Yuge, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Yuko Ishikawa, Izumi Hamada, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Hideyuki Sugioka, Osamu Yotsuya, Kazuo Mishima, Masaharu Hayashi and Yushiro Yamashita

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:445

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The role of explicit learning of treatment content in internet-based cognitive-behavioural treatment (ICBT) is an emerging field of research. The objective of this study was to explore clients experiences of t...

    Authors: Matilda Berg, Anna Malmquist, Alexander Rozental, Naira Topooco and Gerhard Andersson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:441

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Parents are valued stakeholders in research, clinical practice and policy development concerning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, little is known about what drives and moves parents besides their obvio...

    Authors: Delphine Jacobs, Jean Steyaert, Kris Dierickx and Kristien Hens

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most prevalent type of psychiatric disorder among children after an earthquake. This study investigated the role of trauma experiences, personality traits, and genot...

    Authors: Yuwei Li, Qiuyue Lv, Bin Li, Dan Luo, Xueli Sun and Jiajun Xu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:439

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Co-occurring psychiatric disorders in adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) contribute to the burden of the healthcare and possibly to the delay of d...

    Authors: Artemios Pehlivanidis, Katerina Papanikolaou, Vasilios Mantas, Eva Kalantzi, Kalliopi Korobili, Lida-Alkisti Xenaki, Georgia Vassiliou and Charalambos Papageorgiou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is evidence to suggest that the broad discrepancy in the ratio of males to females with diagnosed ADHD is due, at least in part, to lack of recognition and/or referral bias in females. Studies suggest th...

    Authors: Susan Young, Nicoletta Adamo, Bryndís Björk Ásgeirsdóttir, Polly Branney, Michelle Beckett, William Colley, Sally Cubbin, Quinton Deeley, Emad Farrag, Gisli Gudjonsson, Peter Hill, Jack Hollingdale, Ozge Kilic, Tony Lloyd, Peter Mason, Eleni Paliokosta…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Lead is known to be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) even at low concentrations. We aimed to evaluate neurocognitive functions associated with lead in the blood and the interacti...

    Authors: Jae-Won Choi, A-Hyun Jung, Sojeong Nam, Kyoung Min Kim, Jun Won Kim, Soo Yeon Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim and Jae-Won Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

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  14. With 10 to 20% of Canadian children suffering with mental illness, the importance of early identification and accurate assessment systems is clear. Unfortunately, many do not receive the mental health treatmen...

    Authors: S. L. Stewart, S. E. Babcock, Y. Li and H. P. Dave

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:390

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Cognitive performance has been studied in adults with obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and in adult relatives of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Meanwhile, few studies have been conducted ...

    Authors: Elisa Teixeira Bernardes, Leonardo Cardoso Saraiva, Marina de Marco e Souza, Marcelo Queiroz Hoexter, Priscila Chacon, Guaraci Requena, Euripedes Constantino Miguel, Roseli Gedanke Shavitt, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Carolina Cappi and Marcelo Camargo Batistuzzo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:380

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Increasing evidence suggests a complex role of family influences, such as the exposure to parent psychopathology through parenting behavior, in parent-to-child psychopathology transmission. Parenting behaviour...

    Authors: Monica Bellina, Silvia Grazioli, Marco Garzitto, Maddalena Mauri, Eleonora Rosi, Massimo Molteni, Paolo Brambilla and Maria Nobile

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:377

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Although the number of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased considerably in recent years, there are few qualitative investigations of the experiences of adults with adult-d...

    Authors: Yumi Aoki, Takashi Tsuboi, Takehiko Furuno, Koichiro Watanabe and Mami Kayama

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:373

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Nurturing care, in which children are raised in engaging and safe environments, may reduce child stress and shape hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning. Hence, parent-training programs may impact chi...

    Authors: Rafaela Costa Martins, Cauane Blumenberg, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Andrea Gonzalez and Joseph Murray

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:370

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Studies in immigrant youth have suggested differences in parenting patterns by immigration status. Knowledge of variation in recalled parenting pattern and its distinctive impact on mental health in adult immi...

    Authors: Eva M. Klein, Elmar Brähler, Katja Petrowski, Ana N. Tibubos, Mareike Ernst, Jörg Wiltink, Matthias Michal, Philipp S. Wild, Andreas Schulz, Thomas Münzel, Jochem König, Karl Lackner, Norbert Pfeiffer and Manfred E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:367

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Paediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic condition often associated with severe disruptions of family functioning, impairment of peer relationships and academic performance. Mean age of onse...

    Authors: Veronika Brezinka, Veronika Mailänder and Susanne Walitza

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:366

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Intensive longitudinal (IL) designs provide the potential to study symptoms as they evolve in real-time within individuals. This has promising clinical implications, potentially allowing conclusions at the lev...

    Authors: Marieke J. Schreuder, Robin N. Groen, Johanna T. W. Wigman, Catharina A. Hartman and Marieke Wichers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:351

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Synesthesia is a sensory phenomenon where certain domain-specific stimuli trigger additional sensations of e.g. color or texture. The condition occurs in about 4% of the general population, but is overrepresen...

    Authors: Andreas Riedel, Simon Maier, Kerstin Wenzler, Bernd Feige, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Sven Bölte and Janina Neufeld

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:342

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Increasing rates of mental health problems among adolescents are of concern. Teens who are most in need of mental health attention are reluctant to seek help. A better understanding of the help-seeking in this...

    Authors: Antonia Aguirre Velasco, Ignacio Silva Santa Cruz, Jo Billings, Magdalena Jimenez and Sarah Rowe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:293

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are two of the most frequently-observed neurodevelopmental disorders. Autistic traits are detected frequently in children who ...

    Authors: Esra Okyar and Işık Görker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:285

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Social skills interventions are commonly deployed for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Because effective and appropriate social skills are determined by cultural factors that differ throughout ...

    Authors: B. J. van Pelt, S. Idris, G. Jagersma, J. Duvekot, A. Maras, J. van der Ende, N. E. M. van Haren and K. Greaves-Lord

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:274

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Deficits in working memory tasks have been widely documented in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of working memory load in impulsivity d...

    Authors: Rosa Angela Fabio, Marilla Bianco, Tindara Caprì, Flavia Marino, Liliana Ruta, David Vagni and Giovanni Pioggia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:272

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Child and adolescent mental health problems account for a significant proportion of the local and global burden of disease and is recognized as a growing public health concern in need of adequate services. Stu...

    Authors: Grace Nduku Wambua, Manasi Kumar, Fredrik Falkenström and Pim Cuijpers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:263

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Food may trigger Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Therefore, an elimination diet (ED) might be an effective treatment for children with ADHD. However, earlier studies were criticized f...

    Authors: Annick Bosch, Margreet Bierens, Ardine G. de Wit, Verena Ly, Jessica van der Velde, Heleen de Boer, Gerry van Beek, Danielle Appelman, Sacha Visser, Lisa Bos, Jolanda van der Meer, Niki Kamphuis, Jos M. T. Draaisma, Rogier Donders, Gigi H. H. van de Loo-Neus, Pieter J. Hoekstra…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:262

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Problematic internet use (PIU) is an increasingly worrisome issue, as youth population studies are establishing links with internalizing and externalizing problems. There is a need for a better understanding o...

    Authors: Anita Restrepo, Tohar Scheininger, Jon Clucas, Lindsay Alexander, Giovanni A. Salum, Kathy Georgiades, Diana Paksarian, Kathleen R. Merikangas and Michael P. Milham

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:252

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders are ranked first amongst medical diseases as a trigger of requests for mental health counselling. Child abuse has been regarded as one of the main causes of the development of f...

    Authors: Seyed Mojtaba Hashemi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Bahman Salehi, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Mohammad Rafiei, Sima Zahedi, Esmaeil Khedmati Morasae and Fereshteh Maghsoudlou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Several quantitative studies support the effectiveness of the Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) psychosocial skills training group component for adolescents with impulse-control disorder and/or emotional dysr...

    Authors: Eva Sesma Pardo, Aránzazu Fernández Rivas, Pablo Orgaz Barnier, Marina Beá Mirabent, Iñaki Kerexeta Lizeaga, Aída Díaz Cosgaya, Ana Catalán Alcántara, Esther Vivanco González, Blaise Aguirre and Miguel Angel González Torres

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Adolescent boys and young men are at particular risk of suicide. Suicidal ideation is an important risk factor for suicide, but is poorly understood among adolescent males. Some masculine behaviors have been a...

    Authors: Tania L. King, Marissa Shields, Victor Sojo, Galina Daraganova, Dianne Currier, Adrienne O’Neil, Kylie King and Allison Milner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:228

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Selective mutism (SM) is nowadays considered a relatively rare anxiety disorder characterized by children failing to speak in certain situations. Research on risk factors for SM are limited in comparison to ot...

    Authors: Miina Koskela, Roshan Chudal, Terhi Luntamo, Auli Suominen, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:221

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Although Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) is a widely used intervention for ameliorating challenging behaviour (CB), evidence for its use in adults with intellectual disability (ID) and comorbid autism (ASD) i...

    Authors: Andre Strydom, Alessandro Bosco, Victoria Vickerstaff, Rachael Hunter and Angela Hassiotis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:161

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Fairness has received much attention in our society. At present, the findings regarding fair decision-making in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HF-ASD) are inconsistent. Previous studies have shown ...

    Authors: Peiying Jin, Yao Wang, Yun Li, Yunhua Xiao, Chunyan Li, Nana Qiu, Jiao Weng, Hui Fang and Xiaoyan Ke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Mental health issues presenting in childhood often persist into adulthood, usually requiring youth to transition from child and adolescent mental health services to adult mental health services at 18 years. Di...

    Authors: Kristin Cleverley, Lindsey Lenters and Emma McCann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:147

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The potential mechanisms underlying cyber victimization and the resulting psychological and physical symptoms remain unclear. Thus, the present study investigated whether Internet addiction mediates the associ...

    Authors: Ling Lin, Jianbo Liu, Xiaolan Cao, Siying Wen, Jianchang Xu, Zhenpeng Xue and Jianping Lu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Adherence to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication can prevent serious consequences, possibly with lifelong effects. Numerous factors have been observed that influence adherent behaviour, ...

    Authors: Maria Emilsson, Per Gustafsson, Gisela Öhnström and Ina Marteinsdottir

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Previous studies suggest that childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may continue in adulthood, producing adverse effects. Therefore, identifying factors that help to differentiate character...

    Authors: Belén Roselló, Carmen Berenguer, Inmaculada Baixauli, Álvaro Mira, Jose Martinez-Raga and Ana Miranda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  40. This paper is a systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of available medications for the treatment of restricted/repetitive behavior (RRBs) in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

    Authors: Yanjie Yu, Ashmita Chaulagain, Sindre Andre Pedersen, Stian Lydersen, Bennett L. Leventhal, Peter Szatmari, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki and Norbert Skokauskas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Child and adolescent mental health has scarcely been studied in developing countries, though it is an important aspect of health. Mental health problems in youth often continue into adulthood if not diagnosed ...

    Authors: Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Jerome Flores, Carolang Escobar, Alfonso Urzúa and Matías Irarrázaval

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Korean version of Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) on a sample of Korean youths and to examine the cross-cul...

    Authors: Jiyoon Shin, Kyoung Min Kim, Kyung Hwa Lee, Soon-Beom Hong, Jung Lee, Chi-Hyun Choi, Ji Youn Han, Seong Hae Kim, Da Eun Suh, Soo-Churl Cho and Jae-Won Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:89

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress experienced during childhood might have a negative impact on development. This study explores factors associated with such symptoms among Portuguese primary school-ag...

    Authors: Diogo Costa, Marina Cunha, Cláudia Ferreira, Augusta Gama, Aristides M. Machado-Rodrigues, Vítor Rosado-Marques, Helena Nogueira, Maria-Raquel G. Silva and Cristina Padez

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Current clinical guidelines recommend parent management training (PMT) in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). However, (a) a lack of supply...

    Authors: Manfred Döpfner, Laura Wähnke, Marie-Theres Klemp, Judith Mühlenmeister, Stephanie Schürmann, Martin Hellmich and Julia Plück

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:76

    Content type: Study protocol

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