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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. To examine whether Borderline Intellectual Functioning (BIF) and Adverse Childhood Experiences independently predict adult psychiatric morbidity.

    Authors: Angela Hassiotis, Emma Brown, James Harris, David Helm, Kerim Munir, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Marco Bertelli, Amaria Baghdadli, Jannelien Wieland, Ramon Novell-Alsina, Jordi Cid, Laura Vergés, Rafael Martínez-Leal, Tuba Mutluer, Fuad Ismayilov and Eric Emerson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:387

    Content type: Research article

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  2. China has experienced rapid socioeconomic, and health transitions over the last four decades, and urban–rural disparities are becoming increasingly apparent. Research on depression among rural and urban studen...

    Authors: Guo Li, Junhua Mei, Jing You, Jinfeng Miao, Xiaoyan Song, Wenzhe Sun, Yan Lan, Xiuli Qiu and Zhou Zhu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:386

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Previous research has documented mental health status among rural-to-urban migrant children (labeled as “migrant children” henceforth) and urban children. However, the findings remain unclear. In addition, far...

    Authors: Ningjing Chen, Yongguang Pei, Xijun Lin, Jun Wang, Xiuqing Bu and Ke Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:383

    Content type: Research article

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  4. As early as pregnancy, maternal mental stress impinges on the child’s development and health. Thus, this may cause enhanced risk for premature birth, lowered fetal growth, and lower fetal birth weight as well ...

    Authors: M. Bischoff, V. Howland, J. Klinger-König, S. Tomczyk, S. Schmidt, M. Zygmunt, M. Heckmann, N. van den Berg, B. Bethke, J. Corleis, S. Günther, K. Liutkus, U. Stentzel, A. Neumann, P. Penndorf, T. Ludwig…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:371

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Anxiety disorders in adolescence have been associated with several psychiatric outcomes. We sought to describe the prospective relationship between various levels of adolescent anxiety and psychiatric diagnose...

    Authors: Sabrina Doering, Paul Lichtenstein, Christopher Gillberg, Christel M. Middeldorp, Meike Bartels, Ralf Kuja-Halkola and Sebastian Lundström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:363

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Up to 60% of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) meet diagnostic criteria for at least one anxiety disorder, including Social, Generalized and/or Separation Disorder. Anxiety in child...

    Authors: Emma Sciberras, Daryl Efron, Pooja Patel, Melissa Mulraney, Katherine J. Lee, Cathy Mihalopoulos, Lidia Engel, Ronald M. Rapee, Vicki Anderson, Jan M. Nicholson, Rachel Schembri and Harriet Hiscock

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:359

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Widening definitions of health conditions have the potential to affect millions of people and should only occur when there is strong evidence of benefit. In the last version of the Diagnostic and Statistical M...

    Authors: Sharon Sanders, Rae Thomas, Paul Glasziou and Jenny Doust

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:357

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Previous studies have shown that children who display behavioral problems also tend to display low social competence. The relation does however vary according to type of behavior being measured, as well as dem...

    Authors: Silje Hukkelberg, Serap Keles, Terje Ogden and Karianne Hammerstrøm

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:354

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Brief screening instruments focusing on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that can be administered in primary care are scarce; there is a need for shorter and more precise instruments. The Autism–Tics, AD/HD and ...

    Authors: Caroline Mårland, Gitta Lubke, Alessio Degl’Innocenti, Maria Råstam, Christopher Gillberg, Thomas Nilsson and Sebastian Lundström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:337

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The incidence of bullying is high among adolescents. Adolescents who were victims of bullying have a higher risk of self-harm and suicidal behavior than adolescents who were non-victims. However, research on s...

    Authors: Zhekuan Peng, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Liping Li, Xuefen Su, Lauri Sillanmäki, Roshan Chudal and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:324

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The lack of universally accepted diagnostic criteria and the high rate of psychiatric comorbidity make it difficult to diagnose Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). In an effort to improve the diagnosis of ...

    Authors: Shannon Lange, Kevin Shield, Jürgen Rehm, Evdokia Anagnostou and Svetlana Popova

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:322

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials suggest that psychological interventions to reduce children’s risk of depression are effective. Nevertheless, these effects are modest and diminish over time. The ...

    Authors: Nathalie Claus, Lisa Marzano, Johanna Loechner, Kornelija Starman, Alessandra Voggt, Fabian Loy, Inga Wermuth, Stephanie Haemmerle, Lina Engelmann, Mirjam Bley, Gerd Schulte-Koerne and Belinda Platt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:290

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The terms affective dysregulation (AD) and irritability describe transdiagnostic dimensions and are characterized by an excessive reactivity to negative emotional stimuli with an affective (anger) and a behavi...

    Authors: Manfred Döpfner, Josepha Katzmann, Charlotte Hanisch, Jörg M. Fegert, Michael Kölch, Anne Ritschel, Anne-Katrin Treier, Martin Hellmich, Veit Roessner, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Tobias Banaschewski and Anja Görtz-Dorten

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:264

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Attention bias modification training (ABMT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) likely target different aspects of aberrant threat responses in anxiety disorders and may be combined to maximize therapeutic ...

    Authors: Julia O. Linke, Emily Jones, David Pagliaccio, Caroline Swetlitz, Krystal M. Lewis, Wendy K. Silverman, Yair Bar-Haim, Daniel S. Pine and Melissa A. Brotman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:246

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. In China, adolescents are frequently left behind by their parents. A great deal of scientific evidence demonstrates considerable psychological and social impacts that negative life events may have on adolescen...

    Authors: Feifei Gao, Yuan Yao, Chengwen Yao, Yan Xiong, Honglin Ma and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:239

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Neurofeedback (NF) has gained increasing interest among non-pharmacological treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). NF training aims to enhance self-regulation of brain activities. The ...

    Authors: Stéphanie Bioulac, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Tomas Ros, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Marie Prats, Louis Mayaud and Daniel Brandeis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:237

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Co-occurrence of mental and somatic symptoms is common, and recent longitudinal studies have identified single trajectories of these symptoms, but it is poorly known whether the symptom trajectories can also c...

    Authors: Tea Lallukka, Gashaw B. Mekuria, Tapio Nummi, Pekka Virtanen, Marianna Virtanen and Anne Hammarström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:236

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The purpose of this study was to identify the demographic and clinical characteristics of suicide attempts in adolescents who visit the emergency department compared to those of adults.

    Authors: Jinhee Lee, Yeon Sik Bang, Seongho Min, Joung-Sook Ahn, Hyun Kim, Yong-Sung Cha, In-Suk Park and Min-Hyuk Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:231

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Suicidal behaviors among adolescents is a major public health concern. Psychological factors have been extensively studied known risks linked to suicidal behaviors in the general population. However, the assoc...

    Authors: Festo K. Shayo and Paul S. Lawala

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:227

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Pharmacotherapy is effective in reducing the core symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate the concurrent association between pharmacotherapy for ADHD in offspring a...

    Authors: Qi Chen, Henrik Larsson, Catarina Almqvist, Zheng Chang, Paul Lichtenstein, Brian M. D’Onofrio and Jonas F. Ludvigsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:224

    Content type: Research article

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  21. We aimed to examine psychiatric symptoms in adults born preterm with very low birthweight or born at term small for gestational age compared with normal birthweight peers, and examine associations with perinat...

    Authors: Astrid M. W. Lærum, Solveig Klæbo Reitan, Kari Anne I. Evensen, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Jon Skranes and Marit S. Indredavik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:223

    Content type: Research article

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  22. There is a lack of well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to investigate the efficacy of psychological therapies for children in foster care with emotional and behavioural difficulties. Mentalizatio...

    Authors: Nick Midgley, Sarah Jane Besser, Pasco Fearon, Solange Wyatt, Sarah Byford and David Wellsted

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:215

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A social recovery approach to youth mental health focuses on increasing the time spent in valuable and meaningful structured activities, with a view to preventing enduring mental health problems and social dis...

    Authors: Clio Berry, Ellisha Othman, Jun Chuen Tan, Brioney Gee, Rory Edward Byrne, Joanne Hodgekins, Daniel Michelson, Alvin Lai Oon Ng, Nigel V. Marsh, Sian Coker and David Fowler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Maternal mental health is associated with an increased risk of emotional and behavioural problems in children, and the risk is partly explained by the negative impact of maternal depression on caregiving. The ...

    Authors: R. M. Pearson, I. Culpin, C. Loret de Mola, A. Matijasevich, I. S. Santos, B. L. Horta, F. C. Barros and A. Stein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Despite the growing recognition of childhood psychological maltreatment as a public health and human rights concern, it remains rampant in developing countries including Tanzania and has a negative impact on t...

    Authors: Adela A. Mwakanyamale and Yu Yizhen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:176

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a negative impact on several domains of life. However, there is a shortage of evidence-based non-pharmacological treatments for adolescents with ADHD. A stru...

    Authors: Jenny Meyer, Mia Ramklint, Maria Unenge Hallerbäck, Måns Lööf and Johan Isaksson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:171

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Despite the known benefits of early, specialized intervention for toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), access to such intervention remains limited. This pragmatic trial examines a novel healthcare del...

    Authors: Lisa V. Ibañez, Ann Vander Stoep, Kathleen Myers, Chuan Zhou, Shannon Dorsey, Kyle J. Steinman and Wendy L. Stone

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:169

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Mentalization Based Therapy (MBT) has yielded promising outcomes for reducing self-harm, although to date only one study has reported MBT’s effectiveness for adolescents (Rossouw and Fonagy, J Am Acad Child Ad...

    Authors: Helen Griffiths, Fiona Duffy, Louise Duffy, Sarah Brown, Harriet Hockaday, Emma Eliasson, Jessica Graham, Julie Smith, Alice Thomson and Matthias Schwannauer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:167

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The group-based CBT intervention, the Adolescent Coping with Depression Course (ACDC), has previously been evaluated within a quasi-experimental design, showing reduction in depressive symptoms compared to a benc...

    Authors: Thormod Idsoe, Serap Keles, Asgeir Røyrhus Olseth and Terje Ogden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:155

    Content type: Research article

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  30. There has been a steady rise in the use of medication by Israeli school children to treat ADHD, partly due to what seems like school teachers’ and counselors’ tendency to express positive attitudes towards its...

    Authors: Anat Gesser-Edelsburg and Rasha Hamade Boukai

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:153

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Missing diagnostic information often results poor accuracy of the clinical diagnostic decision process. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) is a short stan...

    Authors: Camilla Högberg, Eva Billstedt, Caroline Björck, Per-Olof Björck, Stephan Ehlers, Lars-Henry Gustle, Clara Hellner, Henrik Höök, Eva Serlachius, Mats A. Svensson and Jan-Olov Larsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:142

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Mental health problems are an important issue among institutionalized children. Although positive communication with parents is essential for children’s well-being, it has not been sufficiently verified how in...

    Authors: Aki Yazawa, Saeko Takada, Hanako Suzuki, Takashi X. Fujisawa and Akemi Tomoda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:129

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by diverse psychomotor abnormalities, including motor dysregulation and behavioral and affective disturbances. Once thought to occur primarily in the cont...

    Authors: R. David Heekin, Kalonda Bradshaw and Chadi A. Calarge

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:123

    Content type: Case report

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  34. School bullying is a destructive behaviour common among adolescents that can sometimes escalate to criminal activity. This study aimed to examine the association between four types of school bullying (i.e., ph...

    Authors: Pu-Yu Su, Geng-Fu Wang, Huan He, A-Zhu Han, Guo-Bao Zhang and Nuo Xu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:121

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Parenthood is a life transition that can be especially demanding for vulnerable individuals. Young maternal age and maternal single status have been reported to increase the risk for adverse outcomes for both ...

    Authors: Sara Agnafors, Marie Bladh, Carl Göran Svedin and Gunilla Sydsjö

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:112

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Disruptive Behavioral Disorders (DBDs) and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are chronic, impairing, and costly child and adolescent mental health challenges which, when untreated, can result in ...

    Authors: Apollo Kivumbi, William Byansi, Christopher Damulira, Phionah Namatovu, James Mugisha, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Mary M. McKay, Kimberly Hoagwood and Fred M. Ssewamala

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:105

    Content type: Research article

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  37. There is emerging evidence for the effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy for depressive disorders. However, we know less of how this relation-focused therapy mode is experienced and what the patients th...

    Authors: André Løvgren, Jan Ivar Røssberg, Liv Nilsen, Eivind Engebretsen and Randi Ulberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:95

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Impaired maternal bonding has been associated with antenatal and postnatal factors, especially postpartum depression. Only a few population-based, longitudinal studies have examined the association between mat...

    Authors: Mami Nakano, Subina Upadhyaya, Roshan Chudal, Norbert Skokauskas, Terhi Luntamo, Andre Sourander and Hitoshi Kaneko

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:87

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Primary brain calcification (PBC), a neurodegenerative disorder with characteristic calcium deposits in the basal ganglia and other brain areas, typically presents with various neurological and psychiatric sym...

    Authors: Barbara Plemeniti Tololeski, Maruša Debeljak, Mirjana Perkovič Benedik, Tristan Rigler, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Primož Kotnik, Katarina Šurlan Popovič and Maja Drobnič Radobuljac

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:67

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Approximately 84,000 children under the age of 15 years are living with HIV in Malawi. Although the survival rate of children living with HIV in Malawi has improved due to the increased availability of antiret...

    Authors: Fatch W. Kalembo, Garth E. Kendall, Mohammed Ali and Angela F. Chimwaza

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:60

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used both in the general population and for the treatment of somatic and psychiatric disorders. Studies on CAM use among patients with autism spectrum dis...

    Authors: Juliana Höfer, Falk Hoffmann, Inge Kamp-Becker, Charlotte Küpper, Luise Poustka, Stefan Roepke, Veit Roessner, Sanna Stroth, Nicole Wolff and Christian J. Bachmann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:53

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of neurological disorders and their associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS...

    Authors: Richard Stephen Mpango, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Sylvia Kiwuwa Muyingo, Kenneth D. Gadow, Vikram Patel and Eugene Kinyanda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:34

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The recommendation of non-indicated caesarean section (CS) after 39 gestational weeks has been announced based on evidence of maternal and infant physiological effects. The potential psychological risks have n...

    Authors: Kun Huang, Shuangqin Yan, Xiaoyan Wu, Peng Zhu and Fangbiao Tao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:22

    Content type: Research article

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  44. In order to examine the impact of disasters on adolescent mental health, this study compared population mental health survey data from two communities in Alberta, Canada: Fort McMurray, which experienced a maj...

    Authors: Matthew R. G. Brown, Vincent Agyapong, Andrew J. Greenshaw, Ivor Cribben, Pamela Brett-MacLean, Julie Drolet, Caroline McDonald-Harker, Joy Omeje, Monica Mankowsi, Shannon Noble, Deborah Kitching and Peter H. Silverstone

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:18

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:97

  45. The efficacy of parent-child training (PCT) regarding child symptoms may be reduced if the mother has attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The AIMAC study (ADHD in Mothers and Children) aimed to co...

    Authors: Christopher Hautmann, Manfred Döpfner, Josepha Katzmann, Stephanie Schürmann, Tanja Wolff Metternich-Kaizman, Charlotte Jaite, Viola Kappel, Julia Geissler, Andreas Warnke, Christian Jacob, Klaus Hennighausen, Barbara Haack-Dees, Katja Schneider-Momm, Alexandra Philipsen, Swantje Matthies, Michael Rösler…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:388

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental characterized by attention deficit, hyperactivity, emotional impulses and difficulty with cognitive functions. The Das-Naglieri Cognitive...

    Authors: Ling Qin, Hairun Liu, Hong Zhang, Yanhong Fu and Dandan Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:386

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Adolescents with intellectual disabilities have an increased risk of developing academic, social, and psychological problems compared with non-disabled peers. These difficulties might have an impact on the imp...

    Authors: Fenneke L. M. Verberg, Petra Helmond and Geertjan Overbeek

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:377

    Content type: Study protocol

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