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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Attention bias modification training (ABMT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) likely target different aspects of aberrant threat responses in anxiety disorders and may be combined to maximize therapeutic ...

    Authors: Julia O. Linke, Emily Jones, David Pagliaccio, Caroline Swetlitz, Krystal M. Lewis, Wendy K. Silverman, Yair Bar-Haim, Daniel S. Pine and Melissa A. Brotman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:246

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In China, adolescents are frequently left behind by their parents. A great deal of scientific evidence demonstrates considerable psychological and social impacts that negative life events may have on adolescen...

    Authors: Feifei Gao, Yuan Yao, Chengwen Yao, Yan Xiong, Honglin Ma and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:239

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Neurofeedback (NF) has gained increasing interest among non-pharmacological treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). NF training aims to enhance self-regulation of brain activities. The ...

    Authors: Stéphanie Bioulac, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Tomas Ros, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Marie Prats, Louis Mayaud and Daniel Brandeis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:237

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Co-occurrence of mental and somatic symptoms is common, and recent longitudinal studies have identified single trajectories of these symptoms, but it is poorly known whether the symptom trajectories can also c...

    Authors: Tea Lallukka, Gashaw B. Mekuria, Tapio Nummi, Pekka Virtanen, Marianna Virtanen and Anne Hammarström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:236

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to identify the demographic and clinical characteristics of suicide attempts in adolescents who visit the emergency department compared to those of adults.

    Authors: Jinhee Lee, Yeon Sik Bang, Seongho Min, Joung-Sook Ahn, Hyun Kim, Yong-Sung Cha, In-Suk Park and Min-Hyuk Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:231

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Suicidal behaviors among adolescents is a major public health concern. Psychological factors have been extensively studied known risks linked to suicidal behaviors in the general population. However, the assoc...

    Authors: Festo K. Shayo and Paul S. Lawala

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:227

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Pharmacotherapy is effective in reducing the core symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate the concurrent association between pharmacotherapy for ADHD in offspring a...

    Authors: Qi Chen, Henrik Larsson, Catarina Almqvist, Zheng Chang, Paul Lichtenstein, Brian M. D’Onofrio and Jonas F. Ludvigsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:224

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  8. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to examine psychiatric symptoms in adults born preterm with very low birthweight or born at term small for gestational age compared with normal birthweight peers, and examine associations with perinat...

    Authors: Astrid M. W. Lærum, Solveig Klæbo Reitan, Kari Anne I. Evensen, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Jon Skranes and Marit S. Indredavik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:223

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  9. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to investigate the efficacy of psychological therapies for children in foster care with emotional and behavioural difficulties. Mentalizatio...

    Authors: Nick Midgley, Sarah Jane Besser, Pasco Fearon, Solange Wyatt, Sarah Byford and David Wellsted

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:215

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  10. Content type: Research article

    A social recovery approach to youth mental health focuses on increasing the time spent in valuable and meaningful structured activities, with a view to preventing enduring mental health problems and social dis...

    Authors: Clio Berry, Ellisha Othman, Jun Chuen Tan, Brioney Gee, Rory Edward Byrne, Joanne Hodgekins, Daniel Michelson, Alvin Lai Oon Ng, Nigel V. Marsh, Sian Coker and David Fowler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:188

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Maternal mental health is associated with an increased risk of emotional and behavioural problems in children, and the risk is partly explained by the negative impact of maternal depression on caregiving. The ...

    Authors: R. M. Pearson, I. Culpin, C. Loret de Mola, A. Matijasevich, I. S. Santos, B. L. Horta, F. C. Barros and A. Stein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:184

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Despite the growing recognition of childhood psychological maltreatment as a public health and human rights concern, it remains rampant in developing countries including Tanzania and has a negative impact on t...

    Authors: Adela A. Mwakanyamale and Yu Yizhen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:176

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a negative impact on several domains of life. However, there is a shortage of evidence-based non-pharmacological treatments for adolescents with ADHD. A stru...

    Authors: Jenny Meyer, Mia Ramklint, Maria Unenge Hallerbäck, Måns Lööf and Johan Isaksson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:171

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite the known benefits of early, specialized intervention for toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), access to such intervention remains limited. This pragmatic trial examines a novel healthcare del...

    Authors: Lisa V. Ibañez, Ann Vander Stoep, Kathleen Myers, Chuan Zhou, Shannon Dorsey, Kyle J. Steinman and Wendy L. Stone

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:169

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Mentalization Based Therapy (MBT) has yielded promising outcomes for reducing self-harm, although to date only one study has reported MBT’s effectiveness for adolescents (Rossouw and Fonagy, J Am Acad Child Ad...

    Authors: Helen Griffiths, Fiona Duffy, Louise Duffy, Sarah Brown, Harriet Hockaday, Emma Eliasson, Jessica Graham, Julie Smith, Alice Thomson and Matthias Schwannauer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:167

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The group-based CBT intervention, the Adolescent Coping with Depression Course (ACDC), has previously been evaluated within a quasi-experimental design, showing reduction in depressive symptoms compared to a benc...

    Authors: Thormod Idsoe, Serap Keles, Asgeir Røyrhus Olseth and Terje Ogden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:155

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  17. Content type: Research article

    There has been a steady rise in the use of medication by Israeli school children to treat ADHD, partly due to what seems like school teachers’ and counselors’ tendency to express positive attitudes towards its...

    Authors: Anat Gesser-Edelsburg and Rasha Hamade Boukai

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:153

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Missing diagnostic information often results poor accuracy of the clinical diagnostic decision process. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) is a short stan...

    Authors: Camilla Högberg, Eva Billstedt, Caroline Björck, Per-Olof Björck, Stephan Ehlers, Lars-Henry Gustle, Clara Hellner, Henrik Höök, Eva Serlachius, Mats A. Svensson and Jan-Olov Larsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:142

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Mental health problems are an important issue among institutionalized children. Although positive communication with parents is essential for children’s well-being, it has not been sufficiently verified how in...

    Authors: Aki Yazawa, Saeko Takada, Hanako Suzuki, Takashi X. Fujisawa and Akemi Tomoda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:129

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by diverse psychomotor abnormalities, including motor dysregulation and behavioral and affective disturbances. Once thought to occur primarily in the cont...

    Authors: R. David Heekin, Kalonda Bradshaw and Chadi A. Calarge

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:123

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  21. Content type: Research article

    School bullying is a destructive behaviour common among adolescents that can sometimes escalate to criminal activity. This study aimed to examine the association between four types of school bullying (i.e., ph...

    Authors: Pu-Yu Su, Geng-Fu Wang, Huan He, A-Zhu Han, Guo-Bao Zhang and Nuo Xu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:121

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Parenthood is a life transition that can be especially demanding for vulnerable individuals. Young maternal age and maternal single status have been reported to increase the risk for adverse outcomes for both ...

    Authors: Sara Agnafors, Marie Bladh, Carl Göran Svedin and Gunilla Sydsjö

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:112

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Disruptive Behavioral Disorders (DBDs) and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are chronic, impairing, and costly child and adolescent mental health challenges which, when untreated, can result in ...

    Authors: Apollo Kivumbi, William Byansi, Christopher Damulira, Phionah Namatovu, James Mugisha, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Mary M. McKay, Kimberly Hoagwood and Fred M. Ssewamala

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:105

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  24. Content type: Research article

    There is emerging evidence for the effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy for depressive disorders. However, we know less of how this relation-focused therapy mode is experienced and what the patients th...

    Authors: André Løvgren, Jan Ivar Røssberg, Liv Nilsen, Eivind Engebretsen and Randi Ulberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:95

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Impaired maternal bonding has been associated with antenatal and postnatal factors, especially postpartum depression. Only a few population-based, longitudinal studies have examined the association between mat...

    Authors: Mami Nakano, Subina Upadhyaya, Roshan Chudal, Norbert Skokauskas, Terhi Luntamo, Andre Sourander and Hitoshi Kaneko

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:87

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Primary brain calcification (PBC), a neurodegenerative disorder with characteristic calcium deposits in the basal ganglia and other brain areas, typically presents with various neurological and psychiatric sym...

    Authors: Barbara Plemeniti Tololeski, Maruša Debeljak, Mirjana Perkovič Benedik, Tristan Rigler, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Primož Kotnik, Katarina Šurlan Popovič and Maja Drobnič Radobuljac

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:67

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 84,000 children under the age of 15 years are living with HIV in Malawi. Although the survival rate of children living with HIV in Malawi has improved due to the increased availability of antiret...

    Authors: Fatch W. Kalembo, Garth E. Kendall, Mohammed Ali and Angela F. Chimwaza

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:60

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used both in the general population and for the treatment of somatic and psychiatric disorders. Studies on CAM use among patients with autism spectrum dis...

    Authors: Juliana Höfer, Falk Hoffmann, Inge Kamp-Becker, Charlotte Küpper, Luise Poustka, Stefan Roepke, Veit Roessner, Sanna Stroth, Nicole Wolff and Christian J. Bachmann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:53

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of neurological disorders and their associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS...

    Authors: Richard Stephen Mpango, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Sylvia Kiwuwa Muyingo, Kenneth D. Gadow, Vikram Patel and Eugene Kinyanda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:34

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The recommendation of non-indicated caesarean section (CS) after 39 gestational weeks has been announced based on evidence of maternal and infant physiological effects. The potential psychological risks have n...

    Authors: Kun Huang, Shuangqin Yan, Xiaoyan Wu, Peng Zhu and Fangbiao Tao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:22

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In order to examine the impact of disasters on adolescent mental health, this study compared population mental health survey data from two communities in Alberta, Canada: Fort McMurray, which experienced a maj...

    Authors: Matthew R. G. Brown, Vincent Agyapong, Andrew J. Greenshaw, Ivor Cribben, Pamela Brett-MacLean, Julie Drolet, Caroline McDonald-Harker, Joy Omeje, Monica Mankowsi, Shannon Noble, Deborah Kitching and Peter H. Silverstone

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:18

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:97

  32. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of parent-child training (PCT) regarding child symptoms may be reduced if the mother has attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The AIMAC study (ADHD in Mothers and Children) aimed to co...

    Authors: Christopher Hautmann, Manfred Döpfner, Josepha Katzmann, Stephanie Schürmann, Tanja Wolff Metternich-Kaizman, Charlotte Jaite, Viola Kappel, Julia Geissler, Andreas Warnke, Christian Jacob, Klaus Hennighausen, Barbara Haack-Dees, Katja Schneider-Momm, Alexandra Philipsen, Swantje Matthies, Michael Rösler…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:388

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental characterized by attention deficit, hyperactivity, emotional impulses and difficulty with cognitive functions. The Das-Naglieri Cognitive...

    Authors: Ling Qin, Hairun Liu, Hong Zhang, Yanhong Fu and Dandan Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:386

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Adolescents with intellectual disabilities have an increased risk of developing academic, social, and psychological problems compared with non-disabled peers. These difficulties might have an impact on the imp...

    Authors: Fenneke L. M. Verberg, Petra Helmond and Geertjan Overbeek

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:377

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Adolescence is a key period of risk for the emergence of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The prescription of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for the treatment of depression in adolescents is ...

    Authors: Rita A. Maroun, Lisa A. Thackeray and Nick Midgley

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:374

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Longitudinal studies have consistently reported that prenatal exposure to acetaminophen can to lead to an increased risk of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder during childhood. This study aimed to invest...

    Authors: Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Bruna Celestino Schneider, Thais Martins-Silva, Bianca Del-Ponte, Christian Loret de Mola, Lavinia Schuler-Faccini, Fernanda Sales Luiz Vianna, Tiago N. Munhoz, Ludmila Entiauspe, Mariângela Freitas Silveira, Iná S. Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluísio J. D. Barros, Luis Augusto Rohde and Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:368

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  37. Content type: Research article

    To explore the relationship between college students’ alexithymia and mobile phone addiction as well as the mediating effects of mental health and the moderating role of being a single child or not.

    Authors: Songli Mei, Gang Xu, Tingting Gao, Hui Ren and Jingyang Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:329

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Concerns have been raised over the safety of methylphenidate (MPH), with regard to adverse effects on growth and blood pressure. Our study investigates whether, and to what extent, methylphenidate use in boys ...

    Authors: Suzanne McCarthy, Antje Neubert, Kenneth K. C. Man, Tobias Banaschewski, Jan Buitelaar, Sara Carucci, David Coghill, Marina Danckaerts, Bruno Falissard, Peter Garas, Alexander Häge, Chris Hollis, Sarah Inglis, Hanna Kovshoff, Elizabeth Liddle, Konstantin Mechler…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:327

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common among adolescents and associated with negative outcomes. However, treatments developed specifically for NSSI and the proposed NSSI disorder (NSSID) are scarce, and acce...

    Authors: Johan Bjureberg, Hanna Sahlin, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Kim L. Gratz, Matthew T. Tull, Jussi Jokinen, Clara Hellner and Brjánn Ljótsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:326

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often experience sleep problems, but the comorbidity mechanism has not been sufficiently studied. This study aimed to determine the comorbidity of ...

    Authors: Lian Tong, Yan Ye and Qiong Yan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:298

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  41. Content type: Research article

    More knowledge about characteristics of children and adolescents who need intensive levels of psychiatric treatment is important to improve treatment approaches. These characteristics were investigated in thos...

    Authors: Richard Vijverberg, Robert Ferdinand, Aartjan Beekman and Berno van Meijel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:291

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Adolescence is a period of marked sleep pattern changes and sleep problems, which may result from both endogenous and exogenous factors. Among the various factors affecting adolescent sleep, depression and pro...

    Authors: Min-Hyeon Park, Subin Park, Kyu-In Jung, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Soo Churl Cho and Bung-Nyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:280

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Burnout has long been understood as work-related physical, emotional, and cognitive exhaustion. However, burnout symptoms can also be found among younger people, including school-aged adolescents. While the Sh...

    Authors: Markus Gerber, Flora Colledge, Manuel Mücke, René Schilling, Serge Brand and Sebastian Ludyga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:266

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Though several epidemiological surveys of psychiatric disorders have been carried out in China, only a few of them are concerned about the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in central Hunan and reveal the di...

    Authors: Yan-Mei Shen, Bella Siu Man Chan, Jian-Bo Liu, Yuan-Yue Zhou, Xi-Long Cui, Yu-Qiong He, Yu-min Fang, Yu-Tao Xiang and Xue-Rong Luo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:243

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Self-control in childhood has been linked to long-term and cascading effects on health, academic, criminality, wealth and parenting outcomes. Hence it is important to target self-control deficits early in life...

    Authors: Nienke M. Siebelink, Susan M. Bögels, Lisanne M. Boerboom, Noor de Waal, Jan K. Buitelaar, Anne E. Speckens and Corina U. Greven

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:237

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    Comorbid psychiatric disorders are frequent in children with intellectual disability (ID). Given the limitations of drugs treatments, cognitive remediation could be a promising tool to reduce these challenging...

    Authors: Emilie Favre, Elodie Peyroux, Marie-Noelle Babinet, Alice Poisson and Caroline Demily

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:235

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  47. Content type: Research article

    This observational, cross-sectional, retrospective chart review aimed to identify factors determining health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with newly diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disor...

    Authors: E. Ahnemark, M. Di Schiena, A.-C. Fredman, E. Medin, J. K. Söderling and Y. Ginsberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:223

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  48. Content type: Review

    Research suggests that diagnostic procedures for Autism Spectrum Disorder are not consistent across practice and that diagnostic rates can be affected by contextual and social drivers. The purpose of this revi...

    Authors: Jennie Hayes, Tamsin Ford, Hateem Rafeeque and Ginny Russell

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:222

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  49. Content type: Study protocol

    Most mental disorders begin in adolescence; however, there are gaps in our understanding of youth mental health. Clinical and policy gaps arise from our current inability to predict, from amongst all youth who...

    Authors: Jean Addington, Benjamin I. Goldstein, Jian Li Wang, Sidney H. Kennedy, Signe Bray, Catherine Lebel, Stefanie Hassel, Catherine Marshall and Glenda MacQueen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:219

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