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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Younger age at onset is generally thought to be a predictor of poor outcome in Early Onset Schizophrenia (EOS), but there is a paucity of epidemiological data supporting this belief. This study aims to describ...

    Authors: Lingzi Xu, Yanqing Guo, Qingjiu Cao, Xue Li, Ting Mei, Zenghui Ma, Xinzhou Tang, Zhaozheng Ji, Liu Yang and Jing Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Many children and adolescents suffer from problematic levels of anxiety, but the multitude of these children do not receive an intervention. It is of importance to increase the accessibility and availability o...

    Authors: Ellin Simon, Eva de Hullu, Susan Bögels, Peter Verboon, Petra Butler, Wendy van Groeninge, Wim Slot, Michelle Craske, Stephen Whiteside and Jacques van Lankveld

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:60

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Anxiety and depression are common in children and adolescents, which can be detected via self-report questionnaires in non-clinical settings like the school environment. Two short versions of the Revised Child...

    Authors: Leonie Klaufus, Eva Verlinden, Marcel van der Wal, Mia Kösters, Pim Cuijpers and Mai Chinapaw

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a clinically heterogeneous disorder. Currently, the Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Child Version (OCI-CV) is the only self-report measure that fully captures this symptom...

    Authors: Kristina Aspvall, Matti Cervin, Per Andrén, Sean Perrin, David Mataix-Cols and Erik Andersson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Little is known about the prevalence of inconsistent trauma reporting in community samples and about its associations with psychopathology. This study aimed to assess for the first time the prevalence of incon...

    Authors: Annette Burns, Helen Coughlan and Mary Cannon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Children with intellectual disabilities are likely to present with challenging behaviour. Parent mediated interventions have shown utility in influencing child behaviour, although there is a paucity of UK rese...

    Authors: Olayinka Farris, Rachel Royston, Michael Absoud, Gareth Ambler, Jacqueline Barnes, Rachael Hunter, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, Kate Oulton, Eleni Paliokosta, Monica Panca, Laura Paulauskaite, Michaela Poppe, Federico Ricciardi, Aditya Sharma, Vicky Slonims, Una Summerson…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:35

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents in North America. Youth who present to the Emergency Department (ED) with acute suicidality are at increased risk for eventual death by suicide, thereby pr...

    Authors: Daphne J. Korczak, Yaron Finkelstein, Melanie Barwick, Gloria Chaim, Kristin Cleverley, Joanna Henderson, Suneeta Monga, Myla E. Moretti, Andrew Willan and Peter Szatmari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:20

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. The mental health treatment gap—the difference between those with mental health need and those who receive treatment—is high in low- and middle-income countries. Task-shifting has been used to address the shor...

    Authors: Shannon Dorsey, Christine L. Gray, Augustine I. Wasonga, Cyrilla Amanya, Bryan J. Weiner, C. Micha Belden, Prerna Martin, Rosemary D. Meza, Andrew K. Weinhold, Caroline Soi, Laura K. Murray, Leah Lucid, Elizabeth L. Turner, Robyn Mildon and Kathryn Whetten

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:10

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Low and middle-income countries like India with a large youth population experience a different environment from that of high-income countries. The Consortium on Vulnerability to Externalizing Disorders and Ad...

    Authors: Eesha Sharma, Nilakshi Vaidya, Udita Iyengar, Yuning Zhang, Bharath Holla, Meera Purushottam, Amit Chakrabarti, Gwen Sascha Fernandes, Jon Heron, Matthew Hickman, Sylvane Desrivieres, Kamakshi Kartik, Preeti Jacob, Madhavi Rangaswamy, Rose Dawn Bharath, Gareth Barker…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Few studies examine caregiver-child agreement on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in non-Western cultures. The present study investigated mother-child agreement for PTSD symptoms in a South Indian...

    Authors: Silvia Exenberger, David Riedl, Kumuthavalli Rangaramanujam, Vijai Amirtharaj and Florian Juen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:414

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Adolescents with acute psychiatric disorders are typically treated with long-term clinical admission. However, long term admission may be associated with a variety of negative outcomes. This pilot study presen...

    Authors: Jet B. Muskens, Pierre C. M. Herpers, Caroline Hilderink, Patricia A. M. van Deurzen, Jan K. Buitelaar and Wouter G. Staal

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:412

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Many national and regional clinical guidelines emphasise the need for good communication of information to young people and their parent/carers about what to expect during transition into adult services. Recen...

    Authors: Anna Price, Tamsin Newlove-Delgado, Helen Eke, Moli Paul, Susan Young, Tamsin Ford and Astrid Janssens

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:404

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have social interaction deficits and difficulties in emotional regulation. The neural substrates for these socio-affective deficits are not yet clear, but one po...

    Authors: Yun Li, Zhengbing Zhou, Chen Chang, Lu Qian, Chunyan Li, Ting Xiao, Xiang Xiao, Kangkang Chu, Hui Fang and Xiaoyan Ke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:399

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To examine whether Borderline Intellectual Functioning (BIF) and Adverse Childhood Experiences independently predict adult psychiatric morbidity.

    Authors: Angela Hassiotis, Emma Brown, James Harris, David Helm, Kerim Munir, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Marco Bertelli, Amaria Baghdadli, Jannelien Wieland, Ramon Novell-Alsina, Jordi Cid, Laura Vergés, Rafael Martínez-Leal, Tuba Mutluer, Fuad Ismayilov and Eric Emerson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:387

    Content type: Research article

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  15. China has experienced rapid socioeconomic, and health transitions over the last four decades, and urban–rural disparities are becoming increasingly apparent. Research on depression among rural and urban studen...

    Authors: Guo Li, Junhua Mei, Jing You, Jinfeng Miao, Xiaoyan Song, Wenzhe Sun, Yan Lan, Xiuli Qiu and Zhou Zhu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:386

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Previous research has documented mental health status among rural-to-urban migrant children (labeled as “migrant children” henceforth) and urban children. However, the findings remain unclear. In addition, far...

    Authors: Ningjing Chen, Yongguang Pei, Xijun Lin, Jun Wang, Xiuqing Bu and Ke Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:383

    Content type: Research article

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  17. As early as pregnancy, maternal mental stress impinges on the child’s development and health. Thus, this may cause enhanced risk for premature birth, lowered fetal growth, and lower fetal birth weight as well ...

    Authors: M. Bischoff, V. Howland, J. Klinger-König, S. Tomczyk, S. Schmidt, M. Zygmunt, M. Heckmann, N. van den Berg, B. Bethke, J. Corleis, S. Günther, K. Liutkus, U. Stentzel, A. Neumann, P. Penndorf, T. Ludwig…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:371

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Anxiety disorders in adolescence have been associated with several psychiatric outcomes. We sought to describe the prospective relationship between various levels of adolescent anxiety and psychiatric diagnose...

    Authors: Sabrina Doering, Paul Lichtenstein, Christopher Gillberg, Christel M. Middeldorp, Meike Bartels, Ralf Kuja-Halkola and Sebastian Lundström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:363

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Up to 60% of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) meet diagnostic criteria for at least one anxiety disorder, including Social, Generalized and/or Separation Disorder. Anxiety in child...

    Authors: Emma Sciberras, Daryl Efron, Pooja Patel, Melissa Mulraney, Katherine J. Lee, Cathy Mihalopoulos, Lidia Engel, Ronald M. Rapee, Vicki Anderson, Jan M. Nicholson, Rachel Schembri and Harriet Hiscock

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:359

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Widening definitions of health conditions have the potential to affect millions of people and should only occur when there is strong evidence of benefit. In the last version of the Diagnostic and Statistical M...

    Authors: Sharon Sanders, Rae Thomas, Paul Glasziou and Jenny Doust

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:357

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Previous studies have shown that children who display behavioral problems also tend to display low social competence. The relation does however vary according to type of behavior being measured, as well as dem...

    Authors: Silje Hukkelberg, Serap Keles, Terje Ogden and Karianne Hammerstrøm

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:354

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Brief screening instruments focusing on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that can be administered in primary care are scarce; there is a need for shorter and more precise instruments. The Autism–Tics, AD/HD and ...

    Authors: Caroline Mårland, Gitta Lubke, Alessio Degl’Innocenti, Maria Råstam, Christopher Gillberg, Thomas Nilsson and Sebastian Lundström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:337

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The incidence of bullying is high among adolescents. Adolescents who were victims of bullying have a higher risk of self-harm and suicidal behavior than adolescents who were non-victims. However, research on s...

    Authors: Zhekuan Peng, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Liping Li, Xuefen Su, Lauri Sillanmäki, Roshan Chudal and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:324

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The lack of universally accepted diagnostic criteria and the high rate of psychiatric comorbidity make it difficult to diagnose Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). In an effort to improve the diagnosis of ...

    Authors: Shannon Lange, Kevin Shield, Jürgen Rehm, Evdokia Anagnostou and Svetlana Popova

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:322

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials suggest that psychological interventions to reduce children’s risk of depression are effective. Nevertheless, these effects are modest and diminish over time. The ...

    Authors: Nathalie Claus, Lisa Marzano, Johanna Loechner, Kornelija Starman, Alessandra Voggt, Fabian Loy, Inga Wermuth, Stephanie Haemmerle, Lina Engelmann, Mirjam Bley, Gerd Schulte-Koerne and Belinda Platt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:290

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The terms affective dysregulation (AD) and irritability describe transdiagnostic dimensions and are characterized by an excessive reactivity to negative emotional stimuli with an affective (anger) and a behavi...

    Authors: Manfred Döpfner, Josepha Katzmann, Charlotte Hanisch, Jörg M. Fegert, Michael Kölch, Anne Ritschel, Anne-Katrin Treier, Martin Hellmich, Veit Roessner, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Tobias Banaschewski and Anja Görtz-Dorten

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:264

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Attention bias modification training (ABMT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) likely target different aspects of aberrant threat responses in anxiety disorders and may be combined to maximize therapeutic ...

    Authors: Julia O. Linke, Emily Jones, David Pagliaccio, Caroline Swetlitz, Krystal M. Lewis, Wendy K. Silverman, Yair Bar-Haim, Daniel S. Pine and Melissa A. Brotman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:246

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. In China, adolescents are frequently left behind by their parents. A great deal of scientific evidence demonstrates considerable psychological and social impacts that negative life events may have on adolescen...

    Authors: Feifei Gao, Yuan Yao, Chengwen Yao, Yan Xiong, Honglin Ma and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:239

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Neurofeedback (NF) has gained increasing interest among non-pharmacological treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). NF training aims to enhance self-regulation of brain activities. The ...

    Authors: Stéphanie Bioulac, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Tomas Ros, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Marie Prats, Louis Mayaud and Daniel Brandeis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:237

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Co-occurrence of mental and somatic symptoms is common, and recent longitudinal studies have identified single trajectories of these symptoms, but it is poorly known whether the symptom trajectories can also c...

    Authors: Tea Lallukka, Gashaw B. Mekuria, Tapio Nummi, Pekka Virtanen, Marianna Virtanen and Anne Hammarström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:236

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The purpose of this study was to identify the demographic and clinical characteristics of suicide attempts in adolescents who visit the emergency department compared to those of adults.

    Authors: Jinhee Lee, Yeon Sik Bang, Seongho Min, Joung-Sook Ahn, Hyun Kim, Yong-Sung Cha, In-Suk Park and Min-Hyuk Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:231

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Suicidal behaviors among adolescents is a major public health concern. Psychological factors have been extensively studied known risks linked to suicidal behaviors in the general population. However, the assoc...

    Authors: Festo K. Shayo and Paul S. Lawala

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:227

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Pharmacotherapy is effective in reducing the core symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate the concurrent association between pharmacotherapy for ADHD in offspring a...

    Authors: Qi Chen, Henrik Larsson, Catarina Almqvist, Zheng Chang, Paul Lichtenstein, Brian M. D’Onofrio and Jonas F. Ludvigsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:224

    Content type: Research article

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  34. We aimed to examine psychiatric symptoms in adults born preterm with very low birthweight or born at term small for gestational age compared with normal birthweight peers, and examine associations with perinat...

    Authors: Astrid M. W. Lærum, Solveig Klæbo Reitan, Kari Anne I. Evensen, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Jon Skranes and Marit S. Indredavik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:223

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There is a lack of well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to investigate the efficacy of psychological therapies for children in foster care with emotional and behavioural difficulties. Mentalizatio...

    Authors: Nick Midgley, Sarah Jane Besser, Pasco Fearon, Solange Wyatt, Sarah Byford and David Wellsted

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:215

    Content type: Research article

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  36. A social recovery approach to youth mental health focuses on increasing the time spent in valuable and meaningful structured activities, with a view to preventing enduring mental health problems and social dis...

    Authors: Clio Berry, Ellisha Othman, Jun Chuen Tan, Brioney Gee, Rory Edward Byrne, Joanne Hodgekins, Daniel Michelson, Alvin Lai Oon Ng, Nigel V. Marsh, Sian Coker and David Fowler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Maternal mental health is associated with an increased risk of emotional and behavioural problems in children, and the risk is partly explained by the negative impact of maternal depression on caregiving. The ...

    Authors: R. M. Pearson, I. Culpin, C. Loret de Mola, A. Matijasevich, I. S. Santos, B. L. Horta, F. C. Barros and A. Stein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Despite the growing recognition of childhood psychological maltreatment as a public health and human rights concern, it remains rampant in developing countries including Tanzania and has a negative impact on t...

    Authors: Adela A. Mwakanyamale and Yu Yizhen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:176

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a negative impact on several domains of life. However, there is a shortage of evidence-based non-pharmacological treatments for adolescents with ADHD. A stru...

    Authors: Jenny Meyer, Mia Ramklint, Maria Unenge Hallerbäck, Måns Lööf and Johan Isaksson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:171

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Despite the known benefits of early, specialized intervention for toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), access to such intervention remains limited. This pragmatic trial examines a novel healthcare del...

    Authors: Lisa V. Ibañez, Ann Vander Stoep, Kathleen Myers, Chuan Zhou, Shannon Dorsey, Kyle J. Steinman and Wendy L. Stone

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:169

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Mentalization Based Therapy (MBT) has yielded promising outcomes for reducing self-harm, although to date only one study has reported MBT’s effectiveness for adolescents (Rossouw and Fonagy, J Am Acad Child Ad...

    Authors: Helen Griffiths, Fiona Duffy, Louise Duffy, Sarah Brown, Harriet Hockaday, Emma Eliasson, Jessica Graham, Julie Smith, Alice Thomson and Matthias Schwannauer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:167

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The group-based CBT intervention, the Adolescent Coping with Depression Course (ACDC), has previously been evaluated within a quasi-experimental design, showing reduction in depressive symptoms compared to a benc...

    Authors: Thormod Idsoe, Serap Keles, Asgeir Røyrhus Olseth and Terje Ogden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:155

    Content type: Research article

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  43. There has been a steady rise in the use of medication by Israeli school children to treat ADHD, partly due to what seems like school teachers’ and counselors’ tendency to express positive attitudes towards its...

    Authors: Anat Gesser-Edelsburg and Rasha Hamade Boukai

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:153

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Missing diagnostic information often results poor accuracy of the clinical diagnostic decision process. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) is a short stan...

    Authors: Camilla Högberg, Eva Billstedt, Caroline Björck, Per-Olof Björck, Stephan Ehlers, Lars-Henry Gustle, Clara Hellner, Henrik Höök, Eva Serlachius, Mats A. Svensson and Jan-Olov Larsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:142

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Mental health problems are an important issue among institutionalized children. Although positive communication with parents is essential for children’s well-being, it has not been sufficiently verified how in...

    Authors: Aki Yazawa, Saeko Takada, Hanako Suzuki, Takashi X. Fujisawa and Akemi Tomoda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:129

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by diverse psychomotor abnormalities, including motor dysregulation and behavioral and affective disturbances. Once thought to occur primarily in the cont...

    Authors: R. David Heekin, Kalonda Bradshaw and Chadi A. Calarge

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:123

    Content type: Case report

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  47. School bullying is a destructive behaviour common among adolescents that can sometimes escalate to criminal activity. This study aimed to examine the association between four types of school bullying (i.e., ph...

    Authors: Pu-Yu Su, Geng-Fu Wang, Huan He, A-Zhu Han, Guo-Bao Zhang and Nuo Xu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:121

    Content type: Research article

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