Skip to main content

Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

Page 3 of 7

  1. Longitudinal studies have consistently reported that prenatal exposure to acetaminophen can to lead to an increased risk of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder during childhood. This study aimed to invest...

    Authors: Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Bruna Celestino Schneider, Thais Martins-Silva, Bianca Del-Ponte, Christian Loret de Mola, Lavinia Schuler-Faccini, Fernanda Sales Luiz Vianna, Tiago N. Munhoz, Ludmila Entiauspe, Mariângela Freitas Silveira, Iná S. Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluísio J. D. Barros, Luis Augusto Rohde and Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:368

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. To explore the relationship between college students’ alexithymia and mobile phone addiction as well as the mediating effects of mental health and the moderating role of being a single child or not.

    Authors: Songli Mei, Gang Xu, Tingting Gao, Hui Ren and Jingyang Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:329

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Concerns have been raised over the safety of methylphenidate (MPH), with regard to adverse effects on growth and blood pressure. Our study investigates whether, and to what extent, methylphenidate use in boys ...

    Authors: Suzanne McCarthy, Antje Neubert, Kenneth K. C. Man, Tobias Banaschewski, Jan Buitelaar, Sara Carucci, David Coghill, Marina Danckaerts, Bruno Falissard, Peter Garas, Alexander Häge, Chris Hollis, Sarah Inglis, Hanna Kovshoff, Elizabeth Liddle, Konstantin Mechler…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:327

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common among adolescents and associated with negative outcomes. However, treatments developed specifically for NSSI and the proposed NSSI disorder (NSSID) are scarce, and acce...

    Authors: Johan Bjureberg, Hanna Sahlin, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Kim L. Gratz, Matthew T. Tull, Jussi Jokinen, Clara Hellner and Brjánn Ljótsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:326

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often experience sleep problems, but the comorbidity mechanism has not been sufficiently studied. This study aimed to determine the comorbidity of ...

    Authors: Lian Tong, Yan Ye and Qiong Yan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:298

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. More knowledge about characteristics of children and adolescents who need intensive levels of psychiatric treatment is important to improve treatment approaches. These characteristics were investigated in thos...

    Authors: Richard Vijverberg, Robert Ferdinand, Aartjan Beekman and Berno van Meijel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:291

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Adolescence is a period of marked sleep pattern changes and sleep problems, which may result from both endogenous and exogenous factors. Among the various factors affecting adolescent sleep, depression and pro...

    Authors: Min-Hyeon Park, Subin Park, Kyu-In Jung, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Soo Churl Cho and Bung-Nyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:280

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Burnout has long been understood as work-related physical, emotional, and cognitive exhaustion. However, burnout symptoms can also be found among younger people, including school-aged adolescents. While the Sh...

    Authors: Markus Gerber, Flora Colledge, Manuel Mücke, René Schilling, Serge Brand and Sebastian Ludyga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:266

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Though several epidemiological surveys of psychiatric disorders have been carried out in China, only a few of them are concerned about the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in central Hunan and reveal the di...

    Authors: Yan-Mei Shen, Bella Siu Man Chan, Jian-Bo Liu, Yuan-Yue Zhou, Xi-Long Cui, Yu-Qiong He, Yu-min Fang, Yu-Tao Xiang and Xue-Rong Luo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Self-control in childhood has been linked to long-term and cascading effects on health, academic, criminality, wealth and parenting outcomes. Hence it is important to target self-control deficits early in life...

    Authors: Nienke M. Siebelink, Susan M. Bögels, Lisanne M. Boerboom, Noor de Waal, Jan K. Buitelaar, Anne E. Speckens and Corina U. Greven

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:237

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  11. Comorbid psychiatric disorders are frequent in children with intellectual disability (ID). Given the limitations of drugs treatments, cognitive remediation could be a promising tool to reduce these challenging...

    Authors: Emilie Favre, Elodie Peyroux, Marie-Noelle Babinet, Alice Poisson and Caroline Demily

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:235

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  12. This observational, cross-sectional, retrospective chart review aimed to identify factors determining health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with newly diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disor...

    Authors: E. Ahnemark, M. Di Schiena, A.-C. Fredman, E. Medin, J. K. Söderling and Y. Ginsberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:223

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Research suggests that diagnostic procedures for Autism Spectrum Disorder are not consistent across practice and that diagnostic rates can be affected by contextual and social drivers. The purpose of this revi...

    Authors: Jennie Hayes, Tamsin Ford, Hateem Rafeeque and Ginny Russell

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:222

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  14. Most mental disorders begin in adolescence; however, there are gaps in our understanding of youth mental health. Clinical and policy gaps arise from our current inability to predict, from amongst all youth who...

    Authors: Jean Addington, Benjamin I. Goldstein, Jian Li Wang, Sidney H. Kennedy, Signe Bray, Catherine Lebel, Stefanie Hassel, Catherine Marshall and Glenda MacQueen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:219

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  15. Population based research regarding social differences in diagnosed depression in adolescence is sparse. In this study unique material containing in-and outpatient data was used to determine if low social posi...

    Authors: Therese Wirback, Jette Möller, Jan-Olov Larsson and Karin Engström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:216

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Youth mental health has emerged as a pressing global issue. However, to advance research gaps in low-income settings, we need valid measures of common mental health disorders. Using primary data collected in f...

    Authors: Kelly Kilburn, Leah Prencipe, Lisa Hjelm, Amber Peterman, Sudhanshu Handa and Tia Palermo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:201

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. There are various language adaptations of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). In order to comply with the changes in DSM cla...

    Authors: Francisco R. de la Peña, Lino R. Villavicencio, Juan D. Palacio, Fernando J. Félix, Marcela Larraguibel, Laura Viola, Silvia Ortiz, Marcos Rosetti, Andrea Abadi, Cecilia Montiel, Pablo A. Mayer, Sofía Fernández, Aurora Jaimes, Miriam Feria, Liz Sosa, Andrés Rodríguez…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:193

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Cognitive abilities are essential for children’s development and independence. Various cognitive assessments, standardized in Western cultures, have yet to be investigated for their multicultural suitability.

    Authors: Fidaa Almomani, Tamara Avi-Itzhak, Naor Demeter, Naomi Josman and Murad O. Al-momani

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:184

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Child maltreatment is an identified risk factor for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). The aim of the current study was to investigate effects of different types of maltreatment, and mediating effects of depress...

    Authors: Rebecca C. Brown, Stefanie Heines, Andreas Witt, Elmar Braehler, Joerg M. Fegert, Daniela Harsch and Paul L. Plener

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:181

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Transition from distinct Child and Adolescent Mental Health (CAMHS) to Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS) is beset with multitude of problems affecting continuity of care for young people with mental health n...

    Authors: H. Tuomainen, U. Schulze, J. Warwick, M. Paul, G.C. Dieleman, T. Franić, J. Madan, A. Maras, F. McNicholas, D. Purper-Ouakil, P. Santosh, G. Signorini, C. Street, S. Tremmery, F.C. Verhulst, D. Wolke…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:167

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:295

  21. Evidence-based parenting programmes are recommended for the treatment of child mental health difficulties. Families with complex psychosocial needs show poorer retention and outcomes when participating in stan...

    Authors: Ruth Wilson, Tim Weaver, Daniel Michelson and Crispin Day

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:152

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Adolescent pregnancies within urban resource-deprived settlements predispose young girls to adverse mental health and psychosocial adversities, notably depression. Depression in sub-Saharan Africa is a leading...

    Authors: Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Ann Vander Stoep, Keng-Yen Huang and Manasi Kumar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:136

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Cognitive functioning hugely affects the performance of tasks of different complexity. Memory, one of the most important cognitive skills, allows children to practice and acquire necessary skills and knowledge...

    Authors: Fidaa Almomani, Nihaya A. Al-sheyab, Murad O. Al-momani and Mazin Alqhazo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:127

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Internalizing problems are the most prevalent mental health problems in adolescents. Transdiagnostic programs are promising manners to treat multiple problems within the same protocol, however, there is limite...

    Authors: Costina Ruxandra Păsărelu and Anca Dobrean

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:101

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  25. Significant racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities exist in access to evidence-based treatment services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Patient Navigation (PN) is a theory-based care m...

    Authors: Sarabeth Broder-Fingert, Morgan Walls, Marilyn Augustyn, Rinad Beidas, David Mandell, Shannon Wiltsey-Stirman, Michael Silverstein and Emily Feinberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:79

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  26. Adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience challenges in participating in the labour market and struggle to achieve and maintain appropriate professional positions, possibly due to impairments of c...

    Authors: Fabian Frank, Martina Jablotschkin, Tobias Arthen, Andreas Riedel, Thomas Fangmeier, Lars P. Hölzel and Ludger Tebartz van Elst

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:75

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. College students are at risk of depression. This risk may be increased by the experience of childhood adversity and/or recent stressors. This study examined the association between reported experiences of chil...

    Authors: Sumaya Mall, Philippe Mortier, Lian Taljaard, Janine Roos, Dan J. Stein and Christine Lochner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:63

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Depression is a significant health and economic burden worldwide affecting not only adults but also children and adolescents. Current treatment options for this group are scarce and show moderate effect sizes....

    Authors: Manuel Föcker, Jochen Antel, Corinna Grasemann, Dagmar Führer, Nina Timmesfeld, Dana Öztürk, Triinu Peters, Anke Hinney, Johannes Hebebrand and Lars Libuda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:57

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  29. Suboptimal physical activity levels and tolerance, poor motor skills and poor physical health are demonstrated in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). We speculate that social interaction and communic...

    Authors: Clare C. W. Yu, Simpson W. L. Wong, Farica S. F. Lo, Raymond C. H. So and Dorothy F. Y. Chan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:56

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can have long-term and far-reaching impacts on health and social and occupational functioning. This study examined factors associated with persistent PTSD among U.S. servic...

    Authors: Richard F. Armenta, Toni Rush, Cynthia A. LeardMann, Jeffrey Millegan, Adam Cooper and Charles W. Hoge

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:48

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental condition in childhood (5.3% to 7.1% worldwide prevalence), with substantial overall financial burden to children/adolescents, the...

    Authors: Javier Quintero, Josep A. Ramos-Quiroga, Javier San Sebastián, Francisco Montañés, Alberto Fernández-Jaén, José Martínez-Raga, Marta García Giral, Montserrat Graell, María J. Mardomingo, César Soutullo, Jesús Eiris, Montserrat Téllez, Montserrat Pamias, Javier Correas, Juncal Sabaté, Laura García-Orti…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:40

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. There are multiple negative consequences associated with heavy episodic drinking and close associations between substance abuse and depression, alcohol-intoxicated adolescents (AIA) represent a vulnerable grou...

    Authors: Hanna E. Schwendemann, Heidi Kuttler, Thomas Mößle and Eva Maria Bitzer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:36

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) with special focus on the role of comorbidit...

    Authors: Judit Balázs, Dóra Győri, Lili Olga Horváth, Gergely Mészáros and Dóra Szentiványi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:34

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The aim of the present study was to examine the internal structure and reliability of the Attachment Insecurity Screening Inventory (AISI) 6–12. The AISI 6–12 years is a parent-report questionnaire for assessi...

    Authors: Anouk Spruit, Inge Wissink, Marc J. Noom, Cristina Colonnesi, Nelleke Polderman, Lucia Willems, Charlotte Barning and Geert Jan J. M. Stams

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Self-harm (SH) is an emerging problem among Chinese adolescents. The present study aimed to measure the prevalence of SH behaviours and to explore the relationship between childhood adversity and different SH ...

    Authors: Azhu Han, Gengfu Wang, Geng Xu and Puyu Su

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Personality with stable behavioural traits emerges in the adolescent and young adult years. Models of putatively distinct, but correlated, personality traits have been developed to describe behavioural styles ...

    Authors: Ela Polek, Peter B. Jones, Pasco Fearon, Jeannette Brodbeck, Michael Moutoussis, NSPN Consortium, Ray Dolan, Peter Fonagy, Edward T. Bullmore and Ian M. Goodyer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:23

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. There is a great demand for non-medical treatment and support targeting the needs of adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There ...

    Authors: Helena Sehlin, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Gerhard Andersson and Elisabet Wentz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:15

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an unclear etiology. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) have been suggested to play a role in the etiology of autism. The current...

    Authors: Yidong Shen, Huixi Dong, Xiaozi Lu, Nan Lian, Guanglei Xun, Lijuan Shi, Lu Xiao, Jingping Zhao and Jianjun Ou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:11

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Child psychiatric treatment facilities vary greatly worldwide and are virtually non-existent in many low-income countries. One of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood is ADHD, with an estimated p...

    Authors: Arzu Arat, Viveca Östberg, Bo Burström and Anders Hjern

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious health risk behavior that forms the basis of a tentative diagnosis in DSM-5, NSSI Disorder (NSSID). To date, established treatments specific to NSSI or NSSID are sca...

    Authors: Johan Bjureberg, Hanna Sahlin, Clara Hellner, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Kim L. Gratz, Jonas Bjärehed, Jussi Jokinen, Matthew T. Tull and Brjánn Ljótsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:411

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Family-level predictors, including caregiver depression, are considered important influences on adolescent mental health. Adolescent depression and anxiety in refugee settings is known to be a significant publ...

    Authors: Sarah R Meyer, Mara Steinhaus, Clare Bangirana, Patrick Onyango-Mangen and Lindsay Stark

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:405

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Reliable and easy to administer screening instruments focusing on neurodevelopmental disorders and associated conditions are scarce. The Autism–Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities inventory (A-TAC) has previou...

    Authors: Caroline Mårland, Paul Lichtenstein, Alessio Degl’Innocenti, Tomas Larson, Maria Råstam, Henrik Anckarsäter, Christopher Gillberg, Thomas Nilsson and Sebastian Lundström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:403

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Adolescence and young adulthood is a vulnerable time during which young people experience many development milestones, as well as an increased incidence of mental illness. During this time, youth also transiti...

    Authors: Kathleen L. Broad, Vijay K. Sandhu, Nadiya Sunderji and Alice Charach

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:380

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Autistic personality traits (APT) and schizotypal personality traits (SPT) are associated with depression. However, mediating factors within these relationships have not yet been explored. Thus, the focus of t...

    Authors: Jianbo Liu, Jingbo Gong, Guanghui Nie, Yuqiong He, Bo Xiao, Yanmei Shen and Xuerong Luo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:352

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Maternal exposure to adversity during the perinatal period has been associated with increased susceptibility for psychiatric symptoms in the offspring. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible devel...

    Authors: Johan Isaksson, Negussie Deyessa, Yemane Berhane and Ulf Högberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:344

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), its associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescen...

    Authors: Richard Stephen Mpango, Eugene Kinyanda, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Jonathan Levin, Kenneth D. Gadow and Vikram Patel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:336

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Long-term effects of neglect in early life are still widely unknown. Diversity of outcomes can be explained by differences in genetic risk, epigenetics, prenatal factors, exposure to stress and/or substances, ...

    Authors: Magdalena Romanowicz, Alastair J. McKean and Jennifer Vande Voort

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:330

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  48. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of complex neurodevelopmental disorders. The prevalence of ASD in many South Asian countries is still unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically review ava...

    Authors: Mohammad Didar Hossain, Helal Uddin Ahmed, M M Jalal Uddin, Waziul Alam Chowdhury, Mohd S Iqbal, Razin Iqbal Kabir, Imran Ahmed Chowdhury, Afzal Aftab, Pran Gopal Datta, Golam Rabbani, Saima Wazed Hossain and Malabika Sarker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:281

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. The Somatic and Psychological HEalth REport (SPHERE) is a 34-item self-report questionnaire that assesses symptoms of mental distress and persistent fatigue. As it was developed as a screening instrument for u...

    Authors: Baptiste Couvy-Duchesne, Tracey A. Davenport, Nicholas G. Martin, Margaret J. Wright and Ian B. Hickie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:279

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: