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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Self-harm (SH) is an emerging problem among Chinese adolescents. The present study aimed to measure the prevalence of SH behaviours and to explore the relationship between childhood adversity and different SH ...

    Authors: Azhu Han, Gengfu Wang, Geng Xu and Puyu Su

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:28

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Personality with stable behavioural traits emerges in the adolescent and young adult years. Models of putatively distinct, but correlated, personality traits have been developed to describe behavioural styles ...

    Authors: Ela Polek, Peter B. Jones, Pasco Fearon, Jeannette Brodbeck, Michael Moutoussis, NSPN Consortium, Ray Dolan, Peter Fonagy, Edward T. Bullmore and Ian M. Goodyer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:23

    Content type: Research article

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  3. There is a great demand for non-medical treatment and support targeting the needs of adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There ...

    Authors: Helena Sehlin, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Gerhard Andersson and Elisabet Wentz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:15

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an unclear etiology. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) have been suggested to play a role in the etiology of autism. The current...

    Authors: Yidong Shen, Huixi Dong, Xiaozi Lu, Nan Lian, Guanglei Xun, Lijuan Shi, Lu Xiao, Jingping Zhao and Jianjun Ou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:11

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Child psychiatric treatment facilities vary greatly worldwide and are virtually non-existent in many low-income countries. One of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood is ADHD, with an estimated p...

    Authors: Arzu Arat, Viveca Östberg, Bo Burström and Anders Hjern

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:3

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious health risk behavior that forms the basis of a tentative diagnosis in DSM-5, NSSI Disorder (NSSID). To date, established treatments specific to NSSI or NSSID are sca...

    Authors: Johan Bjureberg, Hanna Sahlin, Clara Hellner, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Kim L. Gratz, Jonas Bjärehed, Jussi Jokinen, Matthew T. Tull and Brjánn Ljótsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:411

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Family-level predictors, including caregiver depression, are considered important influences on adolescent mental health. Adolescent depression and anxiety in refugee settings is known to be a significant publ...

    Authors: Sarah R Meyer, Mara Steinhaus, Clare Bangirana, Patrick Onyango-Mangen and Lindsay Stark

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:405

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Reliable and easy to administer screening instruments focusing on neurodevelopmental disorders and associated conditions are scarce. The Autism–Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities inventory (A-TAC) has previou...

    Authors: Caroline Mårland, Paul Lichtenstein, Alessio Degl’Innocenti, Tomas Larson, Maria Råstam, Henrik Anckarsäter, Christopher Gillberg, Thomas Nilsson and Sebastian Lundström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:403

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Adolescence and young adulthood is a vulnerable time during which young people experience many development milestones, as well as an increased incidence of mental illness. During this time, youth also transiti...

    Authors: Kathleen L. Broad, Vijay K. Sandhu, Nadiya Sunderji and Alice Charach

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:380

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Autistic personality traits (APT) and schizotypal personality traits (SPT) are associated with depression. However, mediating factors within these relationships have not yet been explored. Thus, the focus of t...

    Authors: Jianbo Liu, Jingbo Gong, Guanghui Nie, Yuqiong He, Bo Xiao, Yanmei Shen and Xuerong Luo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:352

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Maternal exposure to adversity during the perinatal period has been associated with increased susceptibility for psychiatric symptoms in the offspring. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible devel...

    Authors: Johan Isaksson, Negussie Deyessa, Yemane Berhane and Ulf Högberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:344

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), its associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescen...

    Authors: Richard Stephen Mpango, Eugene Kinyanda, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Jonathan Levin, Kenneth D. Gadow and Vikram Patel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:336

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Long-term effects of neglect in early life are still widely unknown. Diversity of outcomes can be explained by differences in genetic risk, epigenetics, prenatal factors, exposure to stress and/or substances, ...

    Authors: Magdalena Romanowicz, Alastair J. McKean and Jennifer Vande Voort

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:330

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of complex neurodevelopmental disorders. The prevalence of ASD in many South Asian countries is still unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically review ava...

    Authors: Mohammad Didar Hossain, Helal Uddin Ahmed, M M Jalal Uddin, Waziul Alam Chowdhury, Mohd S Iqbal, Razin Iqbal Kabir, Imran Ahmed Chowdhury, Afzal Aftab, Pran Gopal Datta, Golam Rabbani, Saima Wazed Hossain and Malabika Sarker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:281

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Somatic and Psychological HEalth REport (SPHERE) is a 34-item self-report questionnaire that assesses symptoms of mental distress and persistent fatigue. As it was developed as a screening instrument for u...

    Authors: Baptiste Couvy-Duchesne, Tracey A. Davenport, Nicholas G. Martin, Margaret J. Wright and Ian B. Hickie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:279

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The ESCAschool study addresses the treatment of school-age children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a large multicentre trial. It aims to investigate three interrelated topics: (i) Clin...

    Authors: Manfred Döpfner, Christopher Hautmann, Christina Dose, Tobias Banaschewski, Katja Becker, Daniel Brandeis, Martin Holtmann, Thomas Jans, Carolin Jenkner, Sabina Millenet, Tobias Renner, Marcel Romanos and Elena von Wirth

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:269

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Many children with mental health disorders do not receive adequate treatment due to the uneven dissemination of resources, and other barriers to treatment. In the case of pediatric obsessive compulsive disorde...

    Authors: Lidewij H. Wolters, Vivian op de Beek, Bernhard Weidle and Norbert Skokauskas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:226

    Content type: Debate

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  18. Current clinical guidelines recommend non-pharmacological interventions as first-line treatments for young patients aged 16–24 years with a mental health condition (MHC). However, several studies have noted in...

    Authors: Bianca Brijnath, Ting Xia, Lyle Turner and Danielle Mazza

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:214

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Child maltreatment (CM) has severe effects on psychological and physical health. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the major stress system of the body, is dysregulated after CM. The analysis of co...

    Authors: K. Schury, A. M. Koenig, D. Isele, A. L. Hulbert, S. Krause, M. Umlauft, S. Kolassa, U. Ziegenhain, A. Karabatsiakis, F. Reister, H. Guendel, J. M. Fegert and I.-T. Kolassa

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:213

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a severe, lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder with early onset that places a heavy burden on affected individuals and their families. Due to the need for highly specialized h...

    Authors: Inge Kamp-Becker, Luise Poustka, Christian Bachmann, Stefan Ehrlich, Falk Hoffmann, Philipp Kanske, Peter Kirsch, Sören Krach, Frieder Michel Paulus, Marcella Rietschel, Stefan Roepke, Veit Roessner, Tanja Schad-Hansjosten, Tania Singer, Sanna Stroth, Stephanie Witt…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:206

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Impairment of sleep and circadian rhythm is a typical feature of bipolar disorder (BD). We carried out an exploratory cross-sectional case-control study to extend the knowledge of sleep characteristics in offs...

    Authors: Antonin Sebela, Tomas Novak, David Kemlink and Michal Goetz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:199

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is defined as a “health meta-condition… characterized by various cognitive dysfunctions associated with an intellectual quotient (IQ) between 71 and 85 which determine...

    Authors: V Blasi, G Baglio, F Baglio, MP Canevini and M Zanette

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:146

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Rating scales are often used to identify children with potential Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), yet there are frequently discrepancies between informants which may be moderated by child chara...

    Authors: Debbie Gooch, Harriet Maydew, Claire Sears and Courtenay Frazier Norbury

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:129

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Reports of frequent manifestation of allergic diseases in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been the subject of mounting clinical interest. However, evidence supporting the ass...

    Authors: Celine Miyazaki, Momoko Koyama, Erika Ota, Toshiyuki Swa, Linda B. Mlunde, Rachel M. Amiya, Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada and Rintaro Mori

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:120

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Earlier research has investigated the association between parental separation and long-term health outcomes among offspring, but few studies have assessed the potentially moderating role of mental health statu...

    Authors: Hannes Bohman, Sara Brolin Låftman, Aivar Päären and Ulf Jonsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:117

    Content type: Research article

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  26. There is no conclusive evidence that stimulants have beneficial effects on major associated outcome parameters, particularly school performance. We assessed the differences in school performance among children...

    Authors: Jurjen van der Schans, Rukiye Çiçek, Sefike Vardar, Jens HJ Bos, Tjalling W de Vries, Pieter J Hoekstra and Eelko Hak

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:116

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Practising target-shooting sport requires focused attention and motoric steadiness. A previous non-controlled pilot study suggests that children with impairing symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disor...

    Authors: Annegrete Gohr Månsson, Mette Elmose, Søren Dalsgaard and Kirsten K. Roessler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:115

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Working memory training (WMT) has been shown to offer therapeutic benefits to both patients with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and patients with mild to borderline Intellectual Disabilities (...

    Authors: Sammy Roording-Ragetlie, Helen Klip, Jan Buitelaar and Dorine Slaats-Willemse

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:114

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) including child abuse and household problems (e.g. domestic violence) increase risks of poor health and mental well-being in adulthood. Factors such as having access to a t...

    Authors: Mark A. Bellis, Katie Hardcastle, Kat Ford, Karen Hughes, Kathryn Ashton, Zara Quigg and Nadia Butler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:110

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:140

  30. Recent studies analysing the trends in antipsychotic (AP) prescriptions for children and adolescents have raised concerns regarding the influence of socioeconomic status. Previous findings have also shown vari...

    Authors: Olivier Bonnot, Mélanie Dufresne, Paula Herrera, Emmanuelle Michaud, Jacques Pivette, Anicet Chaslerie, Anne Sauvaget and Caroline Vigneau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:82

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The diagnosis and monitoring of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) typically relies on subjective reports and observations. Objective continuous performance tests (CPTs) have been incorporated int...

    Authors: Charlotte L. Hall, Althea Z. Valentine, Gemma M. Walker, Harriet M. Ball, Heather Cogger, David Daley, Madeleine J. Groom, Kapil Sayal and Chris Hollis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:66

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Incidence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been suspected to increase but nationwide epidemiological studies are limited. This study aims to examine sex-specific incidence time trends and characteriz...

    Authors: Hanna Rintala, Roshan Chudal, Sami Leppämäki, Susanna Leivonen, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:64

    Content type: Research article

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  33. There is a growing consensus about the importance of mental health screening of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version (MAYSI-2) was sp...

    Authors: Claudia Dölitzsch, Laura E. W. Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M. Fegert, Thomas Grisso and Marc Schmid

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:61

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Researchers from several different countries have found the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) to have good psychometric properties. However, to our knowledge, no studies on this subject have been reported in M...

    Authors: Chao-Qun Cen, Ya-Yong Liang, Qiu-Ru Chen, Kai-Yun Chen, Hong-Zhu Deng, Bi-Yuan Chen and Xiao-Bing Zou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:51

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Racism and racial discrimination are increasingly acknowledged as a critical determinant of health and health inequalities. However, patterns and impacts of racial discrimination among children and adolescents...

    Authors: Naomi Priest, Ryan Perry, Angeline Ferdinand, Margaret Kelaher and Yin Paradies

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:50

    Content type: Research article

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  36. There is a major gap between the US and most European countries regarding the implementation of early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI) for children with autism. The present paper reports on the curren...

    Authors: Nadja Studer, Ronnie Gundelfinger, Tanja Schenker and Hans-Christoph Steinhausen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:34

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the most common childhood neurobehavioural disorder, can produce a series of negative effects on children, adolescents, and even adults as well as place a serio...

    Authors: Tingting Wang, Kaihua Liu, Zhanzhan Li, Yang Xu, Yuan Liu, Wenpei Shi and Lizhang Chen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:32

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Cohort studies often report findings on children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) but may be biased by self-selection. The representativeness of cohort studies needs to be investigated to d...

    Authors: Beate Oerbeck, Kristin Romvig Overgaard, Stian Thoresen Aspenes, Are Hugo Pripp, Marianne Mordre, Heidi Aase, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud and Pal Zeiner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:23

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The association between prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS) and adult cognition is debated, including if there are differences according to sex. We aimed to determine if there are associati...

    Authors: Hugh Ramsay, Jennifer H. Barnett, Graham K. Murray, Pirjo Mäki, Tuula Hurtig, Tanja Nordström, Jouko Miettunen, Vesa Kiviniemi, Solja Niemelä, Zdenka Pausova, Tomas Paus and Juha Veijola

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:430

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Adolescents are at risk of developing depressive symptoms. Given the prevalence, recurrence and negative consequences of adolescent depression, it is crucial to implement prevention programs for high-risk adol...

    Authors: Karlijn W. J. de Jonge-Heesen, Kim M. van Ettekoven, Sanne P. A. Rasing, Farina H. J. Oprins-van Liempd, Ad A. Vermulst, Rutger C. M. E. Engels and Daan H. M. Creemers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:402

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Adolescents experiencing psychosis may enter the mental health system by a pathway to care that includes or is initiated at the emergency department (ED). However, a better understanding of the pathway to care...

    Authors: Amir Soleimani, Rhonda J. Rosychuk and Amanda S. Newton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:385

    Content type: Research article

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  42. This study aims to examine bidirectional relationships between children’s language skills and Inattention/Hyperactivity (IH) symptoms during preschool.

    Authors: Hugo Peyre, Cedric Galera, Judith van der Waerden, Nicolas Hoertel, Jonathan Y. Bernard, Maria Melchior and Franck Ramus

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:380

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Young children exhibiting severe externalizing problems in school are at risk of developing several poor outcomes. School-based intervention programs have been found to be effective for students with different...

    Authors: Bente Kirkhaug, May Britt Drugli, Bjørn Helge Handegård, Stian Lydersen, Merethe Åsheim and Sturla Fossum

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:362

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Compulsivity, the closely linked trait impulsivity and addictive behaviour are associated with several neurodevelopmental disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum d...

    Authors: Jilly Naaijen, Saskia de Ruiter, Marcel P. Zwiers, Jeffrey C. Glennon, Sarah Durston, David J. Lythgoe, Steven C. R. Williams, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Barbara Franke and Jan K. Buitelaar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:361

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. Screening children for behavioural difficulties requires the use of a tool that is culturally valid. We explored the cross-cultural acceptability and utility of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for...

    Authors: Paula Kersten, Margaret Dudley, Shoba Nayar, Hinemoa Elder, Heather Robertson, Robyn Tauroa and Kathryn M. McPherson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:347

    Content type: Research article

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