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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. There is growing evidence that it is important to have well-standardized procedures for identifying the mental health needs of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. One of the most widely used t...

    Authors: L. E. W. Leenarts, C. Dölitzsch, K. Schmeck, J. M. Fegert, T. Grisso and M. Schmid

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:340

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In this issue of the journal, consensus criteria for the diagnosis and management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in people who have fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are presented. In...

    Authors: Larry Burd

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:325

    Content type: Commentary

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  3. The association of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) results in a complex constellation of symptoms that complicates the successful diagnosis and treat...

    Authors: Susan Young, Michael Absoud, Carolyn Blackburn, Polly Branney, Bill Colley, Emad Farrag, Susan Fleisher, Ges Gregory, Gisli H. Gudjonsson, Keira Kim, Kieran D. O’Malley, Moira Plant, Alina Rodriguez, Susan Ozer, Inyang Takon, Emma Woodhouse…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:324

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Antipsychotic therapy can reduce severe symptoms of psychiatric disorders, however, data on school performance among children on such treatment are lacking. The objective was to explore school performance amon...

    Authors: J. van der Schans, S. Vardar, R. Çiçek, H. J. Bos, P. J. Hoekstra, T. W. de Vries and E. Hak

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:332

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Data on mental health among orphaned children in India are scanty. We compared the generalized anxiety, conduct and peer relationship problems and their associated risk factors among children orphaned by HIV/A...

    Authors: Prem Kumar SG, Anil Kumar G, Ramgopal SP, Venkata Srinivas V and Rakhi Dandona

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:330

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Low health literacy (HL) has been known to be involved in various risk behaviors and mental disorder among adolescent. The purpose of this study was to examine the independent and interactive association betwe...

    Authors: Shi-chen Zhang, Fang-biao Tao, Xiao-yan Wu, Shu-man Tao and Jun Fang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:327

    Content type: Research article

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  7. As data on the phenotype, characteristics and management of patients with Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) are limited, we aimed to collect such data in Germany in experienced centres involved in the treatment of such...

    Authors: Frank Haessler, Franziska Gaese, Michael Huss, Christoph Kretschmar, Marc Brinkman, Helmut Peters, Samuel Elstner, Michael Colla and David Pittrow

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:318

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Prenatal smoking exposure has been associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD is commonly associated with a wide spectrum of psychiatric comorbidity. The association between smoking ...

    Authors: Petteri Joelsson, Roshan Chudal, Ardesheer Talati, Auli Suominen, Alan S. Brown and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:306

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The aim of this consensus statement was to discuss transition of patients with ADHD from child to adult healthcare services, and formulate recommendations to facilitate successful transition. An expert worksho...

    Authors: Susan Young, Marios Adamou, Philip Asherson, David Coghill, Bill Colley, Gisli Gudjonsson, Chris Hollis, Jane McCarthy, Ulrich Müller, Moli Paul, Mark Pitts and Muhammad Arif

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:301

    Content type: Debate

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  10. A dose-dependent effect of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) on the course and severity of psychiatric disorders has been frequently reported. Recent evidence indicates additional impact of type and timing o...

    Authors: Inga Schalinski, Martin H. Teicher, Daniel Nischk, Eva Hinderer, Oliver Müller and Brigitte Rockstroh

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:295

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Depression is a disabling condition affecting people of all ages, but generally starting during adolescence. Schools seem to be an excellent setting where preventive interventions may be delivered. This study ...

    Authors: Jorge Gaete, Vania Martinez, Rosemarie Fritsch, Graciela Rojas, Alan A. Montgomery and Ricardo Araya

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:276

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is increasing understanding of the significance of early neurodevelopment in establishing risk for the range of mental disorders. Models of the early aetiology of mental disorders are complex with a rang...

    Authors: Louise Newman, Fiona Judd, Craig A. Olsson, David Castle, Chad Bousman, Penelope Sheehan, Christos Pantelis, Jeffrey M. Craig, Angela Komiti and Ian Everall

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:270

    Content type: Review

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  13. Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD) is, with a prevalence of 5 %, a highly common childhood disorder, and has severe impact on the lives of youngsters and their families. Medication is often the tr...

    Authors: Renée Meppelink, Esther I. de Bruin and Susan M. Bögels

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:267

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Suicide attempt among adolescents is a public health problem around the world. The risk of recurrence is high: about 30 % of adolescents. New ways to prevent suicide attempt recurrence being developed for adul...

    Authors: Fabienne Ligier, Bernard Kabuth and Francis Guillemin

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:251

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Longitudinal studies indicate strong associations between school proficiency and indicators of mental health throughout adulthood, but the mechanisms of such associations are not fully elucidated. The Kupol st...

    Authors: Maria Rosaria Galanti, Hanna Hultin, Christina Dalman, Karin Engström, Laura Ferrer-Wreder, Yvonne Forsell, Martin Karlberg, Catharina Lavebratt, Cecilia Magnusson, Knut Sundell, Jia Zhou, Melody Almroth and Elena Raffetti

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:243

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Clustering of adolescent self-harming behaviours in the context of health care utilization has not been studied. We identified geographic areas with higher numbers of adolescents who (1) presented to an emerge...

    Authors: Rhonda J. Rosychuk, David W. Johnson, Liana Urichuk, Kathryn Dong and Amanda S. Newton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:229

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Mental illness is a common phenomenon at all ages. Various independent studies have shown that psychopathology is often expressed on a continuum from youth to adulthood. The aim of our study was to demonstrate...

    Authors: Martin Fuchs, Georg Kemmler, Hans Steiner, Josef Marksteiner, Christian Haring, Carl Miller, Armand Hausmann and Kathrin Sevecke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:225

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) is widely used to quantify autistic traits, which have been evaluated in the parents of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and in the general population. This pa...

    Authors: Long Zhang, Yaoting Sun, Fangfang Chen, De Wu, Jiulai Tang, Xiaopeng Han, Jianguo Ye and Kai Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:213

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The Mother-Infant Bonding Questionnaire (MIBQ) has been widely used to assess maternal emotional involvement with infants. Although the reliability and validity of the MIBQ in the postpartum period has been co...

    Authors: Masako Ohara, Takashi Okada, Chika Kubota, Yukako Nakamura, Tomoko Shiino, Branko Aleksic, Mako Morikawa, Aya Yamauchi, Yota Uno, Satomi Murase, Setsuko Goto, Atsuko Kanai, Tomoko Masuda and Norio Ozaki

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:212

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Teenagers and young adults are more exposed to violence and traumatic events than adults, and these factors can be associated with mental disorders. This paper aims at investigating whether young people are mo...

    Authors: Denisse Jaen-Varas, Jair de Jesus Mari, Evandro da Silva Coutinho, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli, Maria Ines Quintana, Marcelo Feijó de Mello, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan and Wagner Silva Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:134

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A high prevalence of a variety of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms is frequently reported in patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The GI disturbances in ASD might be linked to gut dysbiosis representin...

    Authors: Elisa Santocchi, Letizia Guiducci, Francesca Fulceri, Lucia Billeci, Emma Buzzigoli, Fabio Apicella, Sara Calderoni, Enzo Grossi, Maria Aurora Morales and Filippo Muratori

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:183

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Since child mental health problem was a global health issue, many researchers in western countries has focused on the trajectory of it to provide evidence for prevention programs. We designed this study to det...

    Authors: Peng Bao, Jin Jing, Yu Jin, Xumin Hu, Buyun Liu and Min Hu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:178

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Mood and anxiety disorders are leading causes of disability and mortality, due largely to their onset during adolescence and young adulthood and broader impact on functioning. Key factors that are associated w...

    Authors: Frank Iorfino, Ian B. Hickie, Rico S. C. Lee, Jim Lagopoulos and Daniel F. Hermens

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:156

    Content type: Research article

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  24. About one third of all parents have concerns about their child’s psychosocial development. Agreement between child health professionals (CHPs) and parents about such concerns may improve treatment adherence an...

    Authors: Mathilde R. Crone, Elke Zeijl and Sijmen A. Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:151

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The proposed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) criteria for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 11th revision are simpler than the criteria in ICD-10, DSM-IV or DSM-5. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Henna Haravuori, Olli Kiviruusu, Laura Suomalainen and Mauri Marttunen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:140

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Loneliness is common in adolescence and has been linked to various negative outcomes. Until now, however, there has been little cross-country research on this phenomenon. The aim of the present study was to ex...

    Authors: Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Roman Koposov, Marek Blatný, Michal Hrdlička, Mary Schwab-Stone and Vladislav Ruchkin

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:128

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In France, one in 10 residents has immigrated mainly from North Africa, West Africa or the Caribbean including the French West Indies. However little is known about how parents from these regions behave when t...

    Authors: Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Mathilde Husky, Isabelle Pitrou, Christophe Fermanian, Taraneh Shojaei, Christine Chan Chee, Arjumand Siddiqi and Morton Beiser

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:123

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Child maltreatment poses a risk to children and adolescents’ mental health and may also affect cognitive functioning. Also harsh discipline has been frequently associated with mental health problems. However, ...

    Authors: Tobias Hecker, Katharin Hermenau, Charlotte Salmen, Martin Teicher and Thomas Elbert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:118

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The number of left-behind children in China is gradually increasing. This study aimed to understand the mental health status and changes in resilience of rural, left-behind middle school students in Yunyang Co...

    Authors: Yan Luo, Hong Wang, Xun Lei, Xue Guo, Ke Huang and Qin Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:77

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The symptom profile and neuropsychological functioning of individuals with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), change as they enter adolescence. It is unclear whether variation in brain structure ...

    Authors: Timothy J. Silk, Sila Genc, Vicki Anderson, Daryl Efron, Philip Hazell, Jan M. Nicholson, Michael Kean, Charles B. Malpas and Emma Sciberras

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:59

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Time-trend studies on psychotropic drugs among children and adolescents are scarce, and most of them are outdated. The purpose of this study was to study prevalences of psychotropic drug use during 2004–2014 a...

    Authors: Ingeborg Hartz, Svetlana Skurtveit, Anne Kjersti Myhrene Steffenak, Øystein Karlstad and Marte Handal

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:12

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Risk assessment is crucial in preventing child maltreatment as it can identify high-risk cases in need of child protection intervention. Despite this importance, there have been no validated risk assessment in...

    Authors: Claudia E. van der Put, Jo Hermanns, Loes van Rijn-van Gelderen and Frouke Sondeijker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:15

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by motor and vocal tics. These involuntary movements and vocalizations can have a negative impact in the school environment. The paper pres...

    Authors: Ruth Wadman, Cris Glazebrook, Charlotte Beer and Georgina M. Jackson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:14

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Children of parents with a mental illness or substance use disorder (COPMI) have an increased risk of developing social-emotional problems themselves. Fear of stigmatisation or unawareness of problems prevents...

    Authors: Ivon Riemersma, Floor van Santvoort, Jan M. A. M. Janssens, Clemens M. H. Hosman and Karin T. M. van Doesum

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:318

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. The WARM study is a longitudinal cohort study following infants of mothers with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression and control from pregnancy to infant 1 year of age.

    Authors: Susanne Harder, Kirstine Davidsen, Angus MacBeth, Theis Lange, Helen Minnis, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Erik Simonsen, Jenna-Marie Lundy, Maja Nyström-Hansen, Christopher Høier Trier, Katrine Røhder and Andrew Gumley

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:310

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. The importance of parental involvement in child treatment is well-established. Several child psychiatric clinics have, therefore, set up inpatient family units where children and parents are both actively invo...

    Authors: Elena Ise, Sabine Schröder, Dieter Breuer and Manfred Döpfner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:288

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Among young people up to 18 years of age, approximately 5 % have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), many of whom have symptoms persisting into adulthood. ADHD is associated with increased risk of...

    Authors: Xanthe M. Barkla, Paul A. McArdle and Dorothy Newbury-Birch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:270

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Tourette’s disorder (TD) is a chronic childhood-onset disorder characterized by the presence of multiple motor and vocal tics. Despite strong evidence that the pathophysiology of TD involves structural and fun...

    Authors: Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Toyosaku Ota, Junzo Iida, Yoko Nakanishi, Mitsuhiro Uratani, Hiroki Matsuura, Naoko Kishimoto, Shohei Tanaka, Hideki Negoro and Toshifumi Kishimoto

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:102

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Specialist services for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood in Hong Kong are yet to be developed. This study aims to explore the experiences of adolescents and young a...

    Authors: Kerry KW Cheung, Ian CK Wong, Patrick Ip, Phyllis KL Chan, Candy HY Lin, Lisa YL Wong and Esther W Chan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:95

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Tourette syndrome (TS) among young people is associated with psychosocial difficulties and parents play an important role in the management of the condition. Clinical guidelines have been developed for the tre...

    Authors: José Cuenca, Cris Glazebrook, Tim Kendall, Tammy Hedderly, Isobel Heyman, Georgina Jackson, Tara Murphy, Hugh Rickards, Mary Robertson, Jeremy Stern, Penny Trayner and Chris Hollis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:46

    Content type: Research article

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  41. One-in-ten Sri Lankans are employed abroad as International Labor Migrants (ILM), mainly as domestic maids or low-skilled laborers. Little is known about the impact their migration has on the health status of ...

    Authors: Kolitha Wickramage, Chesmal Siriwardhana, Puwalani Vidanapathirana, Sulochana Weerawarna, Buddhini Jayasekara, Gayani Pannala, Anushka Adikari, Kaushalya Jayaweera, Sharika Peiris, Sisira Siribaddana and Athula Sumathipala

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:39

    Content type: Research article

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  42. In The Netherlands, police officers not only come into contact with juvenile offenders, but also with a large number of juveniles who were involved in a criminal offense, but not in the role of a suspect (i.e....

    Authors: Mark Assink, Claudia E van der Put, Frans J Oort and Geert Jan JM Stams

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:36

    Content type: Research article

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  43. It is well documented that a disproportionate number of homeless adults have childhood histories of foster care placement(s). This study examines the relationship between foster care placement as a predictor o...

    Authors: Michelle L Patterson, Akm Moniruzzaman and Julian M Somers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:32

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Although exposure to early life stress is known to affect mental health, the underlying mechanisms of its impacts on depressive symptoms among institutionalized children and adolescents have been little studied.

    Authors: Hanako Suzuki and Akemi Tomoda

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:8

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects many aspects of family life, such as social and economic burden. Little investigation of this phenomenon has been carried out in China. We designed this study to evaluate...

    Authors: Jian-Jun Ou, Li-Juan Shi, Guang-Lei Xun, Chen Chen, Ren-Rong Wu, Xue-Rong Luo, Feng-Yu Zhang and Jing-Ping Zhao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2015 15:3

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The current study was designed to test if an objective measure of both attention and movement would differentiate children with Oral Language Disorders (OLD) from those with comorbid Attention Deficit/Hyperact...

    Authors: Carroll W Hughes, Joyce Pickering, Kristi Baker, Gina Bolanos and Cheryl Silver

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:370

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) is an autism spectrum disorder that is characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior a...

    Authors: Andreas Riedel, Heejung Suh, Verena Haser, Ismene Hermann, Dieter Ebert, Dieter Riemann, Emanuel Bubl, Ludger Tebartz van Elst and Lars P Hölzel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:374

    Content type: Research article

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