Skip to main content

Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

Page 4 of 7

  1. The ESCAschool study addresses the treatment of school-age children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a large multicentre trial. It aims to investigate three interrelated topics: (i) Clin...

    Authors: Manfred Döpfner, Christopher Hautmann, Christina Dose, Tobias Banaschewski, Katja Becker, Daniel Brandeis, Martin Holtmann, Thomas Jans, Carolin Jenkner, Sabina Millenet, Tobias Renner, Marcel Romanos and Elena von Wirth

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:269

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  2. Many children with mental health disorders do not receive adequate treatment due to the uneven dissemination of resources, and other barriers to treatment. In the case of pediatric obsessive compulsive disorde...

    Authors: Lidewij H. Wolters, Vivian op de Beek, Bernhard Weidle and Norbert Skokauskas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:226

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  3. Current clinical guidelines recommend non-pharmacological interventions as first-line treatments for young patients aged 16–24 years with a mental health condition (MHC). However, several studies have noted in...

    Authors: Bianca Brijnath, Ting Xia, Lyle Turner and Danielle Mazza

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:214

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Child maltreatment (CM) has severe effects on psychological and physical health. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the major stress system of the body, is dysregulated after CM. The analysis of co...

    Authors: K. Schury, A. M. Koenig, D. Isele, A. L. Hulbert, S. Krause, M. Umlauft, S. Kolassa, U. Ziegenhain, A. Karabatsiakis, F. Reister, H. Guendel, J. M. Fegert and I.-T. Kolassa

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:213

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a severe, lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder with early onset that places a heavy burden on affected individuals and their families. Due to the need for highly specialized h...

    Authors: Inge Kamp-Becker, Luise Poustka, Christian Bachmann, Stefan Ehrlich, Falk Hoffmann, Philipp Kanske, Peter Kirsch, Sören Krach, Frieder Michel Paulus, Marcella Rietschel, Stefan Roepke, Veit Roessner, Tanja Schad-Hansjosten, Tania Singer, Sanna Stroth, Stephanie Witt…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:206

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  6. Impairment of sleep and circadian rhythm is a typical feature of bipolar disorder (BD). We carried out an exploratory cross-sectional case-control study to extend the knowledge of sleep characteristics in offs...

    Authors: Antonin Sebela, Tomas Novak, David Kemlink and Michal Goetz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:199

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is defined as a “health meta-condition… characterized by various cognitive dysfunctions associated with an intellectual quotient (IQ) between 71 and 85 which determine...

    Authors: V Blasi, G Baglio, F Baglio, MP Canevini and M Zanette

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:146

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  8. Rating scales are often used to identify children with potential Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), yet there are frequently discrepancies between informants which may be moderated by child chara...

    Authors: Debbie Gooch, Harriet Maydew, Claire Sears and Courtenay Frazier Norbury

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:129

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Reports of frequent manifestation of allergic diseases in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been the subject of mounting clinical interest. However, evidence supporting the ass...

    Authors: Celine Miyazaki, Momoko Koyama, Erika Ota, Toshiyuki Swa, Linda B. Mlunde, Rachel M. Amiya, Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada and Rintaro Mori

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:120

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Earlier research has investigated the association between parental separation and long-term health outcomes among offspring, but few studies have assessed the potentially moderating role of mental health statu...

    Authors: Hannes Bohman, Sara Brolin Låftman, Aivar Päären and Ulf Jonsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:117

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. There is no conclusive evidence that stimulants have beneficial effects on major associated outcome parameters, particularly school performance. We assessed the differences in school performance among children...

    Authors: Jurjen van der Schans, Rukiye Çiçek, Sefike Vardar, Jens HJ Bos, Tjalling W de Vries, Pieter J Hoekstra and Eelko Hak

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:116

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Practising target-shooting sport requires focused attention and motoric steadiness. A previous non-controlled pilot study suggests that children with impairing symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disor...

    Authors: Annegrete Gohr Månsson, Mette Elmose, Søren Dalsgaard and Kirsten K. Roessler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:115

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  13. Working memory training (WMT) has been shown to offer therapeutic benefits to both patients with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and patients with mild to borderline Intellectual Disabilities (...

    Authors: Sammy Roording-Ragetlie, Helen Klip, Jan Buitelaar and Dorine Slaats-Willemse

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:114

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  14. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) including child abuse and household problems (e.g. domestic violence) increase risks of poor health and mental well-being in adulthood. Factors such as having access to a t...

    Authors: Mark A. Bellis, Katie Hardcastle, Kat Ford, Karen Hughes, Kathryn Ashton, Zara Quigg and Nadia Butler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:110

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:140

  15. Recent studies analysing the trends in antipsychotic (AP) prescriptions for children and adolescents have raised concerns regarding the influence of socioeconomic status. Previous findings have also shown vari...

    Authors: Olivier Bonnot, Mélanie Dufresne, Paula Herrera, Emmanuelle Michaud, Jacques Pivette, Anicet Chaslerie, Anne Sauvaget and Caroline Vigneau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:82

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. The diagnosis and monitoring of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) typically relies on subjective reports and observations. Objective continuous performance tests (CPTs) have been incorporated int...

    Authors: Charlotte L. Hall, Althea Z. Valentine, Gemma M. Walker, Harriet M. Ball, Heather Cogger, David Daley, Madeleine J. Groom, Kapil Sayal and Chris Hollis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:66

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Incidence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been suspected to increase but nationwide epidemiological studies are limited. This study aims to examine sex-specific incidence time trends and characteriz...

    Authors: Hanna Rintala, Roshan Chudal, Sami Leppämäki, Susanna Leivonen, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:64

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. There is a growing consensus about the importance of mental health screening of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version (MAYSI-2) was sp...

    Authors: Claudia Dölitzsch, Laura E. W. Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M. Fegert, Thomas Grisso and Marc Schmid

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:61

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Researchers from several different countries have found the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) to have good psychometric properties. However, to our knowledge, no studies on this subject have been reported in M...

    Authors: Chao-Qun Cen, Ya-Yong Liang, Qiu-Ru Chen, Kai-Yun Chen, Hong-Zhu Deng, Bi-Yuan Chen and Xiao-Bing Zou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:51

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Racism and racial discrimination are increasingly acknowledged as a critical determinant of health and health inequalities. However, patterns and impacts of racial discrimination among children and adolescents...

    Authors: Naomi Priest, Ryan Perry, Angeline Ferdinand, Margaret Kelaher and Yin Paradies

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:50

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. There is a major gap between the US and most European countries regarding the implementation of early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI) for children with autism. The present paper reports on the curren...

    Authors: Nadja Studer, Ronnie Gundelfinger, Tanja Schenker and Hans-Christoph Steinhausen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:34

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the most common childhood neurobehavioural disorder, can produce a series of negative effects on children, adolescents, and even adults as well as place a serio...

    Authors: Tingting Wang, Kaihua Liu, Zhanzhan Li, Yang Xu, Yuan Liu, Wenpei Shi and Lizhang Chen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:32

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Cohort studies often report findings on children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) but may be biased by self-selection. The representativeness of cohort studies needs to be investigated to d...

    Authors: Beate Oerbeck, Kristin Romvig Overgaard, Stian Thoresen Aspenes, Are Hugo Pripp, Marianne Mordre, Heidi Aase, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud and Pal Zeiner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:23

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. The association between prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS) and adult cognition is debated, including if there are differences according to sex. We aimed to determine if there are associati...

    Authors: Hugh Ramsay, Jennifer H. Barnett, Graham K. Murray, Pirjo Mäki, Tuula Hurtig, Tanja Nordström, Jouko Miettunen, Vesa Kiviniemi, Solja Niemelä, Zdenka Pausova, Tomas Paus and Juha Veijola

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:430

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Adolescents are at risk of developing depressive symptoms. Given the prevalence, recurrence and negative consequences of adolescent depression, it is crucial to implement prevention programs for high-risk adol...

    Authors: Karlijn W. J. de Jonge-Heesen, Kim M. van Ettekoven, Sanne P. A. Rasing, Farina H. J. Oprins-van Liempd, Ad A. Vermulst, Rutger C. M. E. Engels and Daan H. M. Creemers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:402

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  26. Adolescents experiencing psychosis may enter the mental health system by a pathway to care that includes or is initiated at the emergency department (ED). However, a better understanding of the pathway to care...

    Authors: Amir Soleimani, Rhonda J. Rosychuk and Amanda S. Newton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:385

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. This study aims to examine bidirectional relationships between children’s language skills and Inattention/Hyperactivity (IH) symptoms during preschool.

    Authors: Hugo Peyre, Cedric Galera, Judith van der Waerden, Nicolas Hoertel, Jonathan Y. Bernard, Maria Melchior and Franck Ramus

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:380

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Young children exhibiting severe externalizing problems in school are at risk of developing several poor outcomes. School-based intervention programs have been found to be effective for students with different...

    Authors: Bente Kirkhaug, May Britt Drugli, Bjørn Helge Handegård, Stian Lydersen, Merethe Åsheim and Sturla Fossum

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:362

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Compulsivity, the closely linked trait impulsivity and addictive behaviour are associated with several neurodevelopmental disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum d...

    Authors: Jilly Naaijen, Saskia de Ruiter, Marcel P. Zwiers, Jeffrey C. Glennon, Sarah Durston, David J. Lythgoe, Steven C. R. Williams, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Barbara Franke and Jan K. Buitelaar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:361

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. Screening children for behavioural difficulties requires the use of a tool that is culturally valid. We explored the cross-cultural acceptability and utility of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for...

    Authors: Paula Kersten, Margaret Dudley, Shoba Nayar, Hinemoa Elder, Heather Robertson, Robyn Tauroa and Kathryn M. McPherson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:347

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. There is growing evidence that it is important to have well-standardized procedures for identifying the mental health needs of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. One of the most widely used t...

    Authors: L. E. W. Leenarts, C. Dölitzsch, K. Schmeck, J. M. Fegert, T. Grisso and M. Schmid

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:340

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. In this issue of the journal, consensus criteria for the diagnosis and management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in people who have fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are presented. In...

    Authors: Larry Burd

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:325

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  33. The association of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) results in a complex constellation of symptoms that complicates the successful diagnosis and treat...

    Authors: Susan Young, Michael Absoud, Carolyn Blackburn, Polly Branney, Bill Colley, Emad Farrag, Susan Fleisher, Ges Gregory, Gisli H. Gudjonsson, Keira Kim, Kieran D. O’Malley, Moira Plant, Alina Rodriguez, Susan Ozer, Inyang Takon, Emma Woodhouse…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:324

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Antipsychotic therapy can reduce severe symptoms of psychiatric disorders, however, data on school performance among children on such treatment are lacking. The objective was to explore school performance amon...

    Authors: J. van der Schans, S. Vardar, R. Çiçek, H. J. Bos, P. J. Hoekstra, T. W. de Vries and E. Hak

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:332

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Data on mental health among orphaned children in India are scanty. We compared the generalized anxiety, conduct and peer relationship problems and their associated risk factors among children orphaned by HIV/A...

    Authors: Prem Kumar SG, Anil Kumar G, Ramgopal SP, Venkata Srinivas V and Rakhi Dandona

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:330

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Low health literacy (HL) has been known to be involved in various risk behaviors and mental disorder among adolescent. The purpose of this study was to examine the independent and interactive association betwe...

    Authors: Shi-chen Zhang, Fang-biao Tao, Xiao-yan Wu, Shu-man Tao and Jun Fang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:327

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. As data on the phenotype, characteristics and management of patients with Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) are limited, we aimed to collect such data in Germany in experienced centres involved in the treatment of such...

    Authors: Frank Haessler, Franziska Gaese, Michael Huss, Christoph Kretschmar, Marc Brinkman, Helmut Peters, Samuel Elstner, Michael Colla and David Pittrow

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:318

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Prenatal smoking exposure has been associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD is commonly associated with a wide spectrum of psychiatric comorbidity. The association between smoking ...

    Authors: Petteri Joelsson, Roshan Chudal, Ardesheer Talati, Auli Suominen, Alan S. Brown and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:306

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The aim of this consensus statement was to discuss transition of patients with ADHD from child to adult healthcare services, and formulate recommendations to facilitate successful transition. An expert worksho...

    Authors: Susan Young, Marios Adamou, Philip Asherson, David Coghill, Bill Colley, Gisli Gudjonsson, Chris Hollis, Jane McCarthy, Ulrich Müller, Moli Paul, Mark Pitts and Muhammad Arif

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:301

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  40. A dose-dependent effect of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) on the course and severity of psychiatric disorders has been frequently reported. Recent evidence indicates additional impact of type and timing o...

    Authors: Inga Schalinski, Martin H. Teicher, Daniel Nischk, Eva Hinderer, Oliver Müller and Brigitte Rockstroh

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:295

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Depression is a disabling condition affecting people of all ages, but generally starting during adolescence. Schools seem to be an excellent setting where preventive interventions may be delivered. This study ...

    Authors: Jorge Gaete, Vania Martinez, Rosemarie Fritsch, Graciela Rojas, Alan A. Montgomery and Ricardo Araya

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:276

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. There is increasing understanding of the significance of early neurodevelopment in establishing risk for the range of mental disorders. Models of the early aetiology of mental disorders are complex with a rang...

    Authors: Louise Newman, Fiona Judd, Craig A. Olsson, David Castle, Chad Bousman, Penelope Sheehan, Christos Pantelis, Jeffrey M. Craig, Angela Komiti and Ian Everall

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:270

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD) is, with a prevalence of 5 %, a highly common childhood disorder, and has severe impact on the lives of youngsters and their families. Medication is often the tr...

    Authors: Renée Meppelink, Esther I. de Bruin and Susan M. Bögels

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:267

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  44. Suicide attempt among adolescents is a public health problem around the world. The risk of recurrence is high: about 30 % of adolescents. New ways to prevent suicide attempt recurrence being developed for adul...

    Authors: Fabienne Ligier, Bernard Kabuth and Francis Guillemin

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:251

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  45. Longitudinal studies indicate strong associations between school proficiency and indicators of mental health throughout adulthood, but the mechanisms of such associations are not fully elucidated. The Kupol st...

    Authors: Maria Rosaria Galanti, Hanna Hultin, Christina Dalman, Karin Engström, Laura Ferrer-Wreder, Yvonne Forsell, Martin Karlberg, Catharina Lavebratt, Cecilia Magnusson, Knut Sundell, Jia Zhou, Melody Almroth and Elena Raffetti

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:243

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on: